Fortes C.,Instituto Dermopatico dellImmacolata |
Mastroeni S.,Instituto Dermopatico dellImmacolata |
Sperati A.,Agency for Public Health of Lazio Region |
Pacifici R.,National Institute of Health |
And 6 more authors.
Maturitas | Year: 2013
Objectives: This study investigated the role of walking outdoors on longevity, controlling for individual and other life-style factors as possible confounders. Methods: A 10-year cohort study was conducted with 152 self-caring and mobile, mean age 80 years, were enrolled in the study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, clinical and biochemical data, diet, physical activity, smoking, depression status, cognitive status and anthropometrics measurements, were obtained for all participants. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to determine independent predictors of longevity. Results: During the 10-years of follow-up, 96 (63%) died. Old age, chronic diseases, smoking, depression, CD4/CD8 ratio and coffee consumption were significantly predictors of mortality. Over-all survival was highest for subjects walking at open air for 4 times weekly for at least 15 min in comparison to subjects walking less than 4 times weekly (40% versus 22%). After adjusting for sex, age, education, chronic diseases, smoking, Body Mass Index and CD4/CD8 ratio, elderly people walking at open air for four times weekly had 40% decreased risk of mortality that individuals who walked less than four times weekly [relative risk (RR) = 0.53; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.32-0.88, p = 0.01]. Conclusions: Findings suggest an independent and protective effect of walking on mortality and supports the encouragement of physical activity in advanced age for increasing longevity. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.