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PubMed | National Institute for Research Development in Microbiology and Immunology Cantacuzino
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology | Year: 2010

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and Dectin-1, as members of Pattern Recognition Receptors play an essential role in innate immune response against bacteria and fungi respectively, contributing to pathogens recognition, phagocytosis, etc. Dectin-1 and TLR-2/TLR-6 can interact for intracellular signal transduction. Dectin-1 is expressed at low levels on macrophages and at high levels on dendritic cells. Dectin-1 and TLRs are synergistic in mediating cytokines production, such as IL-12 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). In the present paper we studied the expression of Dectin-1 (beta-Glucan Receptor C-type lectin receptor class V) and TLR-2 on human normal monocytes cells and also the role of different Curdlan derivatives and highly purified natural extracts, especially their capacity to recognize these receptors and their Dectin-1 agonist/antagonist properties. Our results demonstrated that Curdlan derivatives containing sulfopropyl or palmythoil/carboximethyl/sulfopropyl groups and natural extracts could be potent immunomodulators with many potential applications (possible antagonists of Dectin-1, blockers of Dectin-1 cooperation with TLR-2).


PubMed | National Institute for Research Development in Microbiology and Immunology Cantacuzino
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Roumanian archives of microbiology and immunology | Year: 2010

Cold atmospheric plasma treatment acts at the cellular level to remove diseased tissue without inflammation and damage, to suppress infections and to modulate the viability (apoptosis/necrosis) of tumoral cells. It is also known that, a major cause of anti-tumor chemotherapy failure is the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumors. This study reveals the effect of high voltage pulsed, repetitive cold atmospheric plasma jets which are chemically activated with oxygen, on B16 tumoral cells (murine melanoma cell line) and COLO320DM multidrug resistant cells (human colon cancer cell line). The tests have been performed on human colon cancer cell line COLO320DM and murine melanoma cell line B16-F10. These cell lines have been treated with cold helium or helium-oxygen generated plasma jets and the consequent apoptosis has been analyzed by means of flow cytometric method. A treatment time-dependent apoptosis has been observed only in the case of 816-F10 cells interacting with helium-oxygen plasma and no apoptosis has been identified when the cells were treated only with helium plasma jets. These results indicate the need of oxygen for the chemical activation of plasma. The COLO320DM cells (that over-express the MDR efflux pumps) have been exposed to helium-oxygen plasmas only, or in a combination with vegetal extract MCS D161 as MDR efflux pumps inhibitor. For the secondly mentioned case the results have showed an increased apoptosis rate compared to the plasma treatment alone. The obtained data represent a starting point for the study of a possible combined treatment (atmospheric pressure cold plasmas and a MDR efflux pumps inhibitor applied with chemotherapy).

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