INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection

Bucharest, Romania

INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection

Bucharest, Romania
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Szep R.,Transylvania University | Keresztes R.,Transylvania University | Deak G.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Toba F.,Spiru Haret University | Ghimpusan M.,Polytechnic University of Bucharest
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2016

The pollutants emitted into the atmosphere may be transformed after certain time; they can come out from the atmosphereas dry or wet deposition. The plant speciescharacteristic to the Ciuc basin is the pine, forming large forests that constitute the primary surface deposition. According to that, dry deposition calculations have been carried out,based on the pine forests. Regarding the deposition changes,PM10and PM2.5do not differ, but their effects on the health are very different. This results especially from their dimension and concentration. Their deleterious effect on the human health in the Ciuc basin was examinedthrough the relative risk factor. The results showed that people are more disposed to cardiovascular diseases, lungcancer, acuteandchronicrespiratory diseases, asthma andotherdiseases. In addition, regarding the microclimate formation (atmospheric stability) in the Ciuc basin, the atmospheric pollution does not concern only the city of Miercurea Ciuc. The calculated risk factors are applied to the entire population within the basin.


Danalache T.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Danalache T.,University of Bucharest | Szep R.,Sapientia University | Badilita A.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | And 2 more authors.
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2015

Fish are a sensitive indicator used in assessing the ecological status of rivers, this indicator being often applied due to its ease of use (visual identification). One of the stages of the fish communities’ environmental assessment applied in this study consisted in determination of ichthyofauna composition and structure. Another stage that was performed is calculation of ecological indicators such as abundance, constancy and dominance (all of them being used in establishing the influence of a certain species in the community) and of biological indicators such as index of biotic integrity – IBI, European fish index – EFI+ (useful in establishing the ecosystem ecological state). Determination of ichthyofauna composition and structure on the studied sector of the Lower Danube River (km 200-182) implied shore experimental fishing in shallow water using an electrofisher in two campaigns: July 2012 and August 2013. The in-depth analysis of the captured specimens led to identification of 931 individuals belonging to 21 species, with different protection degrees (according to IUCN Red List). As a result of the ichthyofauna monitoring on the respective Danube sector, was performed a classification of species in accordance to the protection degree, relative abundance and presence/absence of those species. In terms of ecological indicators, the results showed that Alburnus alburnus species is dominant throughout the studied sector. The calculation of biological indicators led to the conclusion that on the studied sector the ecological structure of fish communities is well balanced and the ecosystem state is good. © SGEM2015. All rights reserved.


Deak G.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Badilita A.M.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Popescu I.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Tudor M.,INCDPM Subunit Danube Delta National Institute for Research and Development
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2014

In the last decades, sturgeon species population decreased due to several factors, the most important ones being: habitats fragmentation caused by river bed rehabilitation works, irrational and excessive fishing and poaching phenomena which is extremely difficult to control. In order to gain a better understanding of sturgeon species migration on Lower Danube which is useful in elaborating preventive measures for species conservation, National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection Bucharest (INCDPM) created a complex monitoring, control and alarming system (DK-PRB-01U) which uses acoustic telemetry method. The monitoring system comprises, among others, two sub-systems: a fixed one (DKTB) and a floating one (DKMR-01T), both being able to create detection gates for sturgeon migration and for water quality parameters determination. This new system is capable to send data on-line in order to alarm the research team when an abiotic parameter (e.g. turbidity and water level) registers values above thresholds. In this case, intervention should be performed and systems positioning must not affect the calibration and validation. The system facilitates data gathering without allowing any station loss, therefore has a direct impact on the informational volume regarding sturgeon migration behaviour and reduces the monitoring and maintaining costs.


Deak G.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Badilita A.M.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Danalache T.,INCDPM National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection | Tudor M.,INCDPM Subunit Danube Delta National Institute for Research and Development
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2014

Nowadays, the available information regarding sturgeon behaviour and their spawning and wintering migration routes on Lower Danube is limited. Moreover, the four existing sturgeon species are prone to extinction due to anthropic activities including over-exploitation, environmental pollution and hydromorphological changes, therefore, the necessity of performing an in-depth study in this field appeared. The sturgeon species behaviour was investigated through acoustic telemetry and the results showed that on the monitored sector, between Calarasi and Braila, km 375-175, for the 201 caught, tagged, released and monitored sturgeons, the branches with highest importance on sturgeons migration feeding, wintering and spawning are the Borcea branch (km 68-0), Old Danube (km 350-175), Caleia branch, Cravia branch and also the Bala branch.

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