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Li S.-X.,University for International Cooperation | Li S.-X.,Shanghai University | Liu L.-J.,University for International Cooperation | Liu L.-J.,National Institute for Liver Cancer Research | And 18 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

CKAP4, one kind of type II trans-membrane protein, plays an important role to maintain endoplasmic reticulum structure and inhibits the proliferation of bladder cancer cells by combining its ligand anti-proliferative factor (APF). However, the biological function of CKAP4 in the progression of liver cancer has not been clearly demonstrated. In the present study, we knocked down or overexpressed CKAP4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and cell proliferation, invasion, and migration capacities were investigated by CCK-8 and transwell assays. In vivo tumor model in mice was used to evaluate the role of CKAP4 on growth and metastasis of HCC. The data documented that HCC cells with high CKAP4 levels were featured by low proliferation capability as well as low invasion potential. Interestingly, we found that CKAP4 suppressed the activation of epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling, which may partly explain the role of CKAP4 in cell biological behavior of HCC. Further study revealed that CKAP4 could associate with EGFR at basal status and the complex was reduced upon EGF stimulation, leading to release EGFR into cytoplasm. Thus, we demonstrate the novel mechanism, for the first time, expression of CKAP4 regulates progression and metastasis of HCC and it may provide therapeutic values in this tumor. © 2014, International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM).

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