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Petruccioli E.,L Spallanzani National Institute For Infectious Diseases Inmi Irccs | Petrone L.,L Spallanzani National Institute For Infectious Diseases Inmi Irccs | Vanini V.,L Spallanzani National Institute For Infectious Diseases Inmi Irccs | Cuzzi G.,L Spallanzani National Institute For Infectious Diseases Inmi Irccs | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Infection | Year: 2015

There are still no reliable tests to distinguish active tuberculosis (TB) from latent TB infection (LTBI). Assessment of CD27 modulation on CD4+ T-cells has been suggested as a tool to diagnose different TB stages. Objectives: To use several cytometric approaches to evaluate CD27 expression on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific CD4+ T-cells to differentiate TB stages. Methods: 55 HIV-uninfected subjects were enrolled: 13 active TB; 12 cured TB; 30 LTBI. Whole blood was stimulated with RD1-proteins or Cytomegalovirus-lysate (CMV). Interferon (IFN)-γ response was evaluated by cytometry. The proportion of CD27-/+ within the IFN-γ+ CD4+ T-cells or RATIO of the CD27-median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD4+ T-cells over the CD27 MFI of IFN-γ+ CD4+ T-cells was evaluated. Results: The greatest diagnostic accuracy in discriminating active TB vs. LTBI or cured TB was reached by evaluating the CD27+ CD45RA- cells within the IFN-γ+ CD4+ T-cell subset (76.92 sensitivity for both, and 90% and 91.67% specificity, respectively), although the use of the CD27 MFI RATIO allows for stricter data analysis, independent of the operator. Conclusions: the study of CD27 expression using different approaches, whether it involves evaluation of CD45RA expression or not, is a robust biomarker for discriminating TB stages. © 2015 The British Infection Association.


PubMed | INMI and L Spallanzani National Institute For Infectious Diseases Inmi Irccs
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Journal of infection | Year: 2015

There are still no reliable tests to distinguish active tuberculosis (TB) from latent TB infection (LTBI). Assessment of CD27 modulation on CD4 T-cells has been suggested as a tool to diagnose different TB stages.To use several cytometric approaches to evaluate CD27 expression on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific CD4 T-cells to differentiate TB stages.55 HIV-uninfected subjects were enrolled: 13 active TB; 12 cured TB; 30 LTBI. Whole blood was stimulated with RD1-proteins or Cytomegalovirus-lysate (CMV). Interferon (IFN)- response was evaluated by cytometry. The proportion of CD27() within the IFN- CD4 T-cells or RATIO of the CD27-median fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CD4 T-cells over the CD27 MFI of IFN- CD4 T-cells was evaluated.The greatest diagnostic accuracy in discriminating active TB vs. LTBI or cured TB was reached by evaluating the CD27(+) CD45RA(-) cells within the IFN- CD4 T-cell subset (76.92 sensitivity for both, and 90% and 91.67% specificity, respectively), although the use of the CD27 MFI RATIO allows for stricter data analysis, independent of the operator.the study of CD27 expression using different approaches, whether it involves evaluation of CD45RA expression or not, is a robust biomarker for discriminating TB stages.

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