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Berg L.,National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO
International Journal of Consumer Studies | Year: 2015

The aging population is an important consumer policy concern. And one relevant question to ask is: are there reasons to worry about consumer vulnerability among older people? The aim of the project was twofold: First, to gain insight into what makes people vulnerable as consumers, more precisely to reveal significant vulnerability drivers. Second, if possible, to distinguish particularly vulnerable consumer groups and their needs for targeted consumer policy measures. The project builds on a qualitative pilot study among older people, followed by a large nationally representative survey among people living in Norway, between 18 and 95 years old. Based on the analysis of 2100 telephone interviews, this paper rejects our a priori assumption, that older people constitutes a vulnerable consumer group. Although older people have several reduced capabilities that could act as vulnerability drivers, older people appeared to be less likely than other age groups to make unfortunate decisions in the markets. Older people also show a much more environmentally friendly consumption pattern than younger generations. The main individual vulnerability drivers appeared to be; poor economic awareness and lack of time. The results also indicate that people who lack calculating skills, as well as people living in households with scarce financial resources, are more likely than others to make economically unfortunate consumer choices. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source


Gundersen V.,Norwegian Institute for Nature Research | Tangeland T.,National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO | Kaltenborn B.P.,Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening | Year: 2015

Land management policies, which emphasize timber production and biodiversity conservation may neglect other important services that these landscapes provide, such as the recreational opportunities that are particularly important in urban forests and woodlands. The quality of recreational opportunities in forested lands is largely dictated by the degree of human influence on the landscape, including forestry, recreational facilities, infrastructure and other man-made constructions. We present a four-part conceptual model based on the recreation opportunity spectrum framework, and tested it by using survey data and automatic counters in urban forests of Oslomarka in Norway. We find empirical support for the four-part planning concept. The pragmatic model may inspire forest landowners, land managers and planners to envision potential contributions to recreational opportunities by identifying four broad categories of suitability for recreational activities labelled: general consideration-, special consideration-, service- and wilderness areas. The conceptual framework can be used as a tool to plan and manage for recreational opportunities at different spatial scales. © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. Source


Batel S.,University of Exeter | Batel S.,Instituto Universitario Of Lisbon Iscte Iul | Devine-Wright P.,University of Exeter | Tangeland T.,National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

The promotion of low carbon energy and associated infrastructures for tackling climate change is a central task for governments worldwide. However, public and, mainly, local, opposition to those infrastructures may slow down or even halt that process. Thus, in the last few years a body of research has developed specifically to understand the social acceptance of technologies such as wind turbines or bioenergy plants. We argue that the use of 'acceptance' in this literature should be further discussed. We contend that using the word 'acceptance' may present some constraints for the theoretical advancement of this area of research and to the implications that may be taken from it to the wider society. This is further highlighted through the presentation of findings from surveys conducted with nationally representative samples from the UK and Norway which examined their acceptance of and support for new high voltage power lines. We conclude by suggesting that the literature on public responses towards low carbon energy and associated infrastructures should be more critical in the conceptualisation of its research agenda, become empirically more consistent and transparent, and examine other types of relations between people and energy infrastructures besides acceptance or opposition. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Borch A.,National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO
Journal of Gambling Issues | Year: 2012

In this article, problem gambling stories of eight Norwegian households are interpreted in the light of Jacques Lacan's concept of the Real. It is argued that the concept of the Real may help us to see, formulate, and visualize aspects of these stories that usually elude our attention: the hidden and incomprehensible order of a household that impacts its members' everyday lives and concepts of self. © 1999-2010 The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Source


Bugge A.B.,National Institute for Consumer Research SIFO
Appetite | Year: 2016

Despite the fact that no studies have been carried out to map the amount of unhealthy food advertising aimed at Norwegian children and adolescents, it is still widely held belief that this type of advertising is disproportionately common. As a consequence, one of the issues high on the agenda in Norway in the 2000s was the possibility of imposing restrictions on advertising for unhealthy foods to children. The purpose of this study is to contribute with a research-based foundation for implementing this health initiative by mapping food marketing in media channels widely used by children and adolescents. In sum, the study shows that the food industry spends a lot of resources to influence young consumers' eating and drinking habits. Compared with studies from USA, UK and Australia, however, there are, strong indications that there is significantly less unhealthy food advertising in Scandinavian countries. Similar to a previous Swedish study, this study shows that Norwegian children and young people were exposed to little advertising for unhealthy food products through media channels such as TV, the Internet, magazines, comics and cinemas. The study also supports critical remarks from some researchers that the extensive use of the international discourse as a political argument and recommendation for Norwegian conditions is not accurate. For the future it may be beneficial to look more closely at the relationship between advertising and health policy, and how this relationship can be further developed to improve children and young people's diet. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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