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Fuhr M.,IRSTEA | Cordonnier T.,IRSTEA | Courbaud B.,IRSTEA | Kunstler G.,IRSTEA | And 3 more authors.
Ecology | Year: 2017

We present repeated tree measurement data from 63 permanent plots in mountain forests in France. Plot elevations range from 800 (lower limit of the montane belt) to 1942 m above sea level (subalpine belt). Forests mainly consist of pure or mixed stands dominated by European beech (Fagus sylvatica), Silver fir (Abies alba), and Norway spruce (Picea abies), in association with various broadleaved species at low elevation and with Arolla pine (Pinus cembra) at high elevation. The plot network includes 23 plots in stands that have not been managed for the last 40 years (at least) and 40 plots in plots managed according to an uneven-aged system with single-tree or small-group selection cutting. Plot sizes range from 0.2 to 1.9 ha. Plots were installed from 1994 to 2004 and remeasured two to five times during the 1994–2015 period. During the first census (installation), living trees more than 7.5 cm in dbh were identified, their diameter at breast height (dbh) was measured and their social status (strata) noted. Trees were spatially located, either with x, y, and z coordinates (40 plots) or within 0.25-ha square subplots (23 plots). In addition, in a subset of plots (58 plots), tree heights and tree crown dimensions were measured on a subset of trees and dead standing trees and stumps were included in the census. Remeasurements after installation include live tree diameters (including recruited trees), tree status (living, damaged, dead, stump), and for a subset of trees, height. At the time of establishment of the plots, plot densities range from 181 to 1328 stems/ha and plot basal areas range from 13.6 to 81.3 m2/ha. © 2017 by the Ecological Society of America


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.6 | Award Amount: 4.72M | Year: 2008

SEA-EU-NET will increase the quality, quantity, profile and impact of the bi-regional S&T cooperation between SEA countries of ASEAN and MS and AS of EU. S&T, essential for a strong knowledge-based economy, underpins policies necessary for governance, and contributes to cohesive social visions and models. S&T excellence also requires global connectivity and an ongoing dialogue. This proposal supports the internationalisation policy of EU and objectives of FP7 of EU. It contributes to S&T foundation essential to the EUs political, economic and social objectives. There is great potential in strengthening the participation of SEA in FP7 and for a conjoint European involvement in SEA S&T. Constraining factors include insufficient awareness of opportunities, inadequate connections amongst researchers, establishing partnerships, complexity of S&T programs, and the asynchronous funding systems. Thus increased SEA-EU cooperation requires targeted measures integrating and strengthening the S&T dialogue in a coherent way. The SEA-EU-NET will deliver measures to increase SEA-EU cooperation amongst academic, industrial and government stakeholders. Measures include implementation of joint for a strengthening the bi-regional and bilateral dialogue, analysing S&T structures, reporting to EU-presidencies thus incorporating recent political developments, and generally highlighting EU-ASEAN initiatives. In addition the project builds a network of stakeholders in the SEA region while at the same time linking it to other existing and upcoming ERA-, INCO-NET, and thematic EU-FP projects thus facilitating the development of a coherent EU-level approach on international S&T cooperation. Based on these structures SEA-EU-NET will also address global issues of mutual interest in regards to the challenges of the globalisation of research and reaching the global Millennium Goals by recommending joint S&T related activities and developing joint scenarios.


Jiraseree-Amornkun A.,Mahanakorn University of Technology | Surakampontorn W.,National Innovation Office
Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems | Year: 2014

This paper describes a low-power fine-tuning reconfigurable filter using switched-resistor technique, which offers tunability and high linearity at low supply voltage. The internal pole of the opamp has been utilized to implement the filter transfer function so that only one opamp is required to implement a second-order filter. The opamp's unity-gain-bandwidth is comparable to the filter cut-off frequency, so the power consumption is strongly reduced. Simulation results of a 10-MHz biquad low-pass filter using AMS 0.18-μm CMOS process, operating at 1-V supply, and consuming 180 μW power, are also given. © 2014 IEEE.


Saisirirat P.,National Metal and Materials Technology Center | Chollacoop N.,National Metal and Materials Technology Center | Tongroon M.,National Metal and Materials Technology Center | Laoonual Y.,King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi | Pongthanaisawan J.,National Innovation Office
Energy Procedia | Year: 2013

In this study, the benefits and trade-off for penetration of electric vehicle (EV) technology in Thai road transportation were analyzed by using offend-use energy demand model. Two vehicle types (motorcycle and passenger car) were considered for possible EV penetration as partial EV, which are hybrid EV (HEV) and plug-in hybrid EV (PEV) and full EV, which is battery EV (BEV). The assumption for EV penetration was derived from Thai government policy target and available technology perspective into four different scenarios, e.g. Business As Usual (BAU), electric motorcycle (eMC), passenger car EV (PcEV) and the extremely case of combined EV penetration in both motorcycle and passenger car. The energy demand model for road transportation from our previous works was constructed using © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Hoffman E.P.,Center for Genetic Medicine Research | Hoffman E.P.,George Washington University | Connor E.M.,National Innovation Office | Connor E.M.,George Washington University
Discovery Medicine | Year: 2013

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a relatively common 'rare disorder,' with an incidence of about 1/5,000 males worldwide. The responsible gene and deficient protein (dystrophin) were identified in 1987, an early success of human molecular genetics and emerging genome projects. A rational approach to therapeutics is to replace dystrophin in patient muscle, thus addressing the primary biochemical defect. Fast forward 25 years, and two phase 2b/3 trials have been carried out with agents designed to induce de novo dystrophin production in DMD patient's muscle; ataluren (stop codon read through) with 174 patients, and drisapersen (exon skipping) with 186 patients. Both used a six minute walk test as the primary outcome measure. Neither drisapersen nor high dose ataluren showed any significant improvement in this outcome, whereas low dose ataluren is reported to show some possible improvement. Experience with ataluren and drisapersen has been disappointing and this is a good time to ask: What can we learn from these programs and how can this inform further drug development in DMD? At the times these two trials were started, there was a lack of existing data and infrastructure regarding both clinical and biochemical outcome measures. The recent publications of more extensive natural history data in multiple DMD cohorts, and ongoing efforts to define reliable and sensitive dystrophin assays are important. If the drisapersen and ataluren programs were instead begun today, new progress in biochemical and clinical endpoints may have triggered a re-design, with better de-risking in phase 2 studies prior to resource-intensive phase 3 trials. © Discovery Medicine.


Chunhavuthiyanon M.,National Innovation Office | Intarakumnerd P.,National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
International Journal of Technology Management and Sustainable Development | Year: 2014

Unlike previous snapshot studies, this research traces 'historical learning events' to enable us to examine the evolution of roles and underpinning capabilities of intermediaries in an innovation system. By following this approach, the rationale, obstacles and lessons learned of intermediaries in performing their roles and building up required capabilities can be vividly illustrated. The National Food Institute (NFI) of Thailand was selected as the case study. As an intermediary organization, NFI has enhanced its capabilities step by step in analysing and disseminating information, training, testing policy development and consultancies through major 'learning events' that provide NFI with learning opportunities. As a result, over time it can perform its intermediary roles better by reducing 'systemic failures' in the Thai food industry's sectoral innovation system. Recently, however, due to the lack of an official mandate, continuous government budgetary support and organizational lock-in problems, NFI's role has not evolved with the changes in strategies and capability needs of Thai food exporters as these firms change from OEM to OBM manufacturers. © 2014 Intellect Ltd Article.


Grumm R.H.,National Innovation Office
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society | Year: 2011

The large-scale conditions associated with the eastern European and Russian heat wave of July-August 2010, leading to above-normal warmth, are presented. The 500-hPa heights, 700-hPa temperatures, and other standard level fields were derived from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Global Forecast System (NCEP GFS) 00-hour forecasts. The key features associated with the protracted heat wave included an abnormally strong ridge. The weak 250-hPa winds in ridge and the weak 700-hPa u-winds suggest that a persistent blocking episode was present. Over northern Russia, the ridge increased the gradient, and the 250-hPa winds reached as high as +5 SDs above normal at times over northern Russia and were +3 SDs above normal at 1200 UTC 28 July 2010. All the forecasts suggested +2 to +3 SD 500-hPa height anomalies over west-central Russia.


Kaewdang K.,Ubon Ratchathani University | Surakampontorn W.,National Innovation Office
ISPACS 2013 - 2013 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems | Year: 2013

A new CMOS-based class AB differential input/output current-controlled current amplifier is described. The design technique is achieved by the combination of a class AB squaring circuit and current mirrors. The current amplifier has features of linear current gain controllability and low power consumption. Its current gain can linearly and electrically controlled by DC current (0.1μA - 400μA). The characteristics and performances of this circuit are confirmed through PSPICE simulation results. © 2013 IEEE.


Chaivongvilan S.,National Innovation Office
Energy Procedia | Year: 2015

This paper provides an in-depth review and analysis on the science technology and innovation (STI) barriers in order to achieve bioenergy implementations in Thailand. Though, Thailand appears to have clear targets on alternative energy in the next 10 years according to the master plan formulated by Ministry of Energy but these ambitious-bioenergy targets are based solely on the potential of resources existing and planned planting in the country. In order to transform biomass to end-used consumption, it is a need to define the STI platform for actions. However, there is no study on the STI policy for bioenergy implementations. Yet, there are several concepts of best-practices in difference prospects but there is no integration of science technology and innovation policy as a whole. This paper utilized the qualitative method, the research data sources, and the industrial interviews in person. This paper contends the STI roles currently accorded to biomass to energy supply chain in Thailand and an early attempt at developing policy recommendations. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


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