Adachi N.,Adachi Mental Clinic |
Adachi N.,National Center Hospital for Mental |
Akanuma N.,National Center Hospital for Mental |
Ito M.,National Center Hospital for Mental |
And 9 more authors.
Epilepsy and Behavior | Year: 2010
Persons with epilepsy experience déjà vu phenomena with or without seizure recognition. Déjà vu experiences are also common mental phenomena in nonclinical individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify two forms of déjà vu experiences in persons with epilepsy. Déjà vu experiences of 312 patients with epilepsy and 402 nonclinical individuals were evaluated using the Inventory of Déjà vu Experiences Assessment. In the patients with epilepsy, characteristics of déjà vu experiences with seizure recognition (SR form) were compared with those experiences with no seizure recognition (NSR form). The incidence (63.1%) of déjà vu experiences in patients with epilepsy was significantly lower than that (76.1%) of nonclinical individuals (x2=14.2, P=0.000). Among the patients with epilepsy, 55.6% had the NSR form and 24.0% had the SR form. Those with the NSR form manifested fewer psychopathological characteristics than did those with the SR form. Patients tended to view the SR form more negatively (i.e., frightened, uncomfortable, or disturbed) than the NSR form. The NSR form was significantly associated with idiopathic generalized epilepsies, less frequent antiepileptic drug administration, and no mesial temporal sclerosis. Although there was a significant association between the frequency of the SR form and patients' habitual seizures, the frequency of the NSR form was not associated with the frequency of the patients' habitual seizures. Persons with epilepsy experience two forms of déjà vu which are differently associated with their seizure recognition. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.