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Takada S.,Kohnan Hospital | Iwasaki M.,Tohoku University | Suzuki H.,National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center | Nakasato N.,Tohoku University | And 2 more authors.
Neurologia Medico-Chirurgica

A 26-year-old man presented with a case of angiocentric glioma manifesting as medically refractory epilepsy. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hyperintense lesion in the right superior frontal gyrus on T2-weighted imaging, with cortical hyperintense rim on T1-weighted images and minimum contrast enhancement. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring characterized his seizures as originating from the right frontal lobe. Long-term EEG recording from implanted subdural electrodes disclosed epileptic activities extending beyond the margin of the radiological lesion. Extended cortical resection of the superior frontal gyrus including the tumor and the surrounding epileptic cortices was performed. Postoperatively, he became seizure-free with antiepileptic medication during a 12-month follow-up period. Histological examination of the surgical specimen showed the characteristic findings of angiocentric glioma. Associated cortical dyslamination consistent with cortical dysplasia was found in the surrounding cortex. Angiocentric glioma is a slow-growing or stable tumor frequently presenting with intractable epilepsy. Surgical treatment would be aimed primarily at control of epilepsy. Complete lesionectomy usually results in postoperative seizure freedom, but the present case shows evidence for associated cortical dysplasia with this tumor entity. Careful pre-surgical evaluation for epilepsy is necessary to achieve better seizure outcome. Source

Fujita S.,Kyushu University | Sakurai M.,National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center | Baba H.,Kyushu University | Abe K.,Okayama University | Tominaga R.,Kyushu University
Journal of Vascular Surgery

Objective The development of spinal cord injury is believed to be related to the vulnerability of spinal motor neurons to ischemia. However, the mechanisms underlying this vulnerability have not been fully investigated. Previously, we reported that spinal motor neurons are lost likely due to autophagy and that local hypothermia prevents such spinal motor neuron death. Therefore, we investigated the role of autophagy in normothermic and hypothermic spinal cord ischemia using an immunohistochemical analysis of Beclin 1 (BCLN1; B-cell leukemia 2 protein [Bcl-2] interacting protein), Bcl-2, and γ-aminobutyric acid type-A receptor-associated protein (GABARAP), which are considered autophagy-related proteins. Methods We used rabbit normothermic and hypothermic transient spinal cord ischemia models using a balloon catheter. Neurologic function was assessed according to the Johnson score, and the spinal cord was removed at 8 hours and 1, 2, and 7 days after reperfusion, and morphologic changes were examined using hematoxylin and eosin staining. A Western blot analysis and histochemical study of BCLN1, Bcl-2, and GABARAP, and double-labeled fluorescent immunocytochemical studies were performed. Results There were significant differences in the physiologic function between the normothermic model and hypothermic model after the procedure (P <.05). In the normothermic model, most of the motor neurons were selectively lost at 7 days of reperfusion (P <.001 compared with the sham group), and they were preserved in the hypothermic model (P =.574 compared with the sham group). The Western blot analysis revealed that the sustained expression of the autophagy markers, BCLN1 and GABARAP, was observed (P <.001 compared with the sham group) and was associated with neuronal cell death in normothermic ischemic conditions. In hypothermic ischemic conditions, the autophagy inhibitory protein Bcl-2 was powerfully induced (P <.001 compared with the sham group) and was associated with blunted expression of BCLN1 and GABARAP and neuronal cell survival. The double-label fluorescent immunocytochemical study revealed that immunoreactivitiy for BCLN1, Bcl-2, and GABARAP was induced in the same motor neurons. Conclusions These data suggest that the prolonged induction of autophagy might be a potential factor responsible for delayed motor neuron death, and the induction of the autophagy inhibitory protein Bcl-2 using hypothermia might limit autophagy and protect against delayed motor neuron death. © 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Source

Omodaka S.,Tohoku University | Inoue T.,Kohnan Hospital | Funamoto K.,Tohoku University | Fujimura M.,National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center | And 4 more authors.
Cerebrovascular Diseases

Background: Cerebral aneurysms carry a high risk of rupture and so present a major threat to the patient's life. Accurate criteria for predicting aneurysm rupture are important for therapeutic decision-making, and some clinical and morphological factors may help to predict the risk for rupture of unruptured aneurysms, such as sex, size and location. Hemodynamic forces are considered to be key in the natural history of cerebral aneurysms, but the effect on aneurysm rupture is uncertain, and whether low or high wall shear stress (WSS) is the most critical in promoting rupture remains extremely controversial. This study investigated the local hemodynamic features at the aneurysm rupture point. Methods: Computational models of 6 ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms with intraoperative confirmation of rupture point were constructed from 3-dimensional rotational angiography images. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed under pulsatile flows using patient-specific inlet flow conditions. Time-averaged WSS (TAWSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI) were calculated, and compared at the rupture point and at the aneurysm wall without the rupture point. We performed an additional CFD simulation of a bleb-removed model for a peculiar case in which bleb formation could be confirmed by magnetic resonance angiography. Results: All rupture points were located at the body or dome of the aneurysm. The TAWSS at the rupture point was significantly lower than that at the aneurysm wall without the rupture point (1.10 vs. 4.96 Pa, p = 0.031). The OSI at the rupture point tended to be higher than at the aneurysm wall without the rupture point, although the difference was not significant (0.0148 vs. 0.0059, p = 0.156). In a bleb-removed simulation, the TAWSS at the bleb-removed area was 6.31 Pa, which was relatively higher than at the aneurysm wall (1.94 Pa). Conclusion: The hemodynamics of 6 ruptured cerebral aneurysms of the middle cerebral artery were examined using retrospective CFD analysis. We could confirm the rupture points in all cases. With those findings, local hemodynamics of ruptured aneurysms were quanti-tatively investigated. The rupture point is located in a low WSS region of the aneurysm wall. Bleb-removed simulation showed increased WSS of the bleb-removed area, associated with the flow impaction area. Although the number of subjects in this study was relatively small, our findings suggest that the location of the rupture point is related to a low WSS at the aneurysm wall. Further investigations will elucidate the detailed hemodynamic effects on aneurysm rupture. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Kurihara N.,National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center
Japanese Journal of Clinical Radiology

We evaluated MR images of the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) and found that such images can be used to consistently depict the SCG at the C2-3 level. On any inages, the SCG lay medial to the internal carotid artery (ICA) and slightly distal to the carotid bifurcation. The coronal and sagittal images clearly demonstrated a characteristic beak-like pointed shape at the upper and lower ends. However, it was sometimes difficult to differentiate the lateral retropharyngeal lymph node (LRPLN) from the SCG using axial images, whereas the coronal and sagittal images showed the LRPLN located just cranial to the SCG. The ability to identify the SCG on MR images allows us to interpret the deep neck lesions more precisely. Source

Izumiyama N.,National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society

We report a case of benign metastasizing leiomyoma medicated for 14 years after the diagnosis. A 47-year-old woman, who had undergone hysterectomy for uterine myoma at age 40 in 1989, was readmitted in 1996 because of abnormal shadows found on a chest X-ray film. Computed tomography (CT) and further chest X-ray films showed multiple nodules in bilateral lung fields. Open lung biopsy revealed leiomyomatous nodules histologically similar to those found at age 40. Tests for both estrogen and progesterone receptors in the biopsied specimen were positive. We diagnosed the lung nodules as benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) and gave her progesterone. Apart from 2 occasions when the patient elected to stop receiving medication, we obtained decreases in the size and number of tumors for 10 years from the start of treatment. However, despite continued administration of progesterone, the tumors continued to grow slowly during the next 4 years. We believe that the effectiveness of progesterone may have gradually decreased in this case, and thus are considering a change in treatment. BML is rare, and it must be carefully followed up long-term in post-menopausal patients. Source

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