National Hospital Organization Saga Hospital
National Hospital Organization Saga Hospital
Mochizuki H.,Tokai University |
Kusuda S.,Tokyo Women's Medical University |
Okada K.,Fukuoka Dental College |
Yoshihara S.,Dokkyo Medical University |
And 54 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2017
Rationale: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) induces not only infantile recurrent wheezing but also potentially atopic asthma. Objectives: To test the effect of RSV infection on development of subsequent atopic asthma, we evaluated whether palivizumab, an anti-RSV monoclonal antibody, by preventing severe RSV disease in the first year of life, could impact subsequent recurrent wheezing and atopic asthma at 6 years of age. Methods: During the 2007 to 2008 RSV season, the decision to administer palivizumab was made based on standard medical practice and an observational prospective multicenter (n = 52) case-control study in preterm infants with a gestational age between 33 and 35 weeks followed from 0 to 3 years (preceding Committee on Recurrent Wheezing study). The 52 investigators at hospitals then followed these subjects until 6 years of age, reported here (Effects of Preventive Treatment for Respiratory Syncytial [RS] Virus Infection During Infancy on Later Atopic Asthma in Preterm Infants; Scientific Committee for Elucidation of Infantile Asthma). Parents of study subjects reported the infants' physicians' assessment of recurrent wheezing, using a report card and a novel mobile phone-based reporting system using the Internet. The primary endpoint was the incidence of atopic asthma. Measurements and Main Results: Of 444 preterm infants enrolled, 349 received palivizumab during the first year of life. At 6 years, atopic asthma was not different in the groups: 15.3 and 18.2% of infants in the treated and untreated groups, respectively (P = 0.57). On the other hand, physician-diagnosed recurrent wheezing was observed in 15.3 and 31.6% in the treated and untreated groups, respectively (P = 0.003). Conclusions: Palivizumab prophylaxis administered to preterm infants did not suppress the onset of atopic asthma but resulted in a significantly lower incidence of recurrent wheezing during the first 6 years. Copyright © 2017 by the American Thoracic Society.
Tokai Y.,Nagasaki University |
Maeda S.,Nagasaki University |
Yamaguchi J.,National Hospital Organization Saga Hospital |
Uga T.,Nagasaki University |
And 4 more authors.
International Surgery | Year: 2011
Overexpression of low-molecular-weight isoforms (LMWI) of cyclin E in breast cancer cells is associated with poor prognosis and could serve a novel role in breast cancer progression. LMWI originate from proteolytic processing of cyclin E, which is deregulated and hyperactive. In this study, levels of full-form/LMWI cyclin E were determined with the use of Western blot analysis in 69 Japanese breast cancer patients. LMWI cyclin E levels were significantly correlated with known parameters such as tumor grade and estrogen/progesterone receptor expression. In multivariate analysis, patient survival was significantly correlated with tumor grade but not with either form of cyclin E. LMWI was not as strong a predictor as tumor grade in this study, whereas some cases of early relapse with LMWI overexpression and lower tumor grade were reported. Thus, LMWI might be a good complementary factor to other predictors for early relapse of breast cancer.
Kiper P.O.S.,University of Lausanne |
Kiper P.O.S.,Hacettepe University |
Saito H.,Harvard University |
Gori F.,Harvard University |
And 22 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2016
BACKGROUND: Cortical-bone fragility is a common feature in osteoporosis that is linked to nonvertebral fractures. Regulation of cortical-bone homeostasis has proved elusive. The study of genetic disorders of the skeleton can yield insights that fuel experimental therapeutic approaches to the treatment of rare disorders and common skeletal ailments. METHODS: We evaluated four patients with Pyle's disease, a genetic disorder that is characterized by cortical-bone thinning, limb deformity, and fractures; two patients were examined by means of exome sequencing, and two were examined by means of Sanger sequencing. After a candidate gene was identified, we generated a knockout mouse model that manifested the phenotype and studied the mechanisms responsible for altered bone architecture. RESULTS: In all affected patients, we found biallelic truncating mutations in SFRP4, the gene encoding secreted frizzled-related protein 4, a soluble Wnt inhibitor. Mice deficient in Sfrp4, like persons with Pyle's disease, have increased amounts of trabecular bone and unusually thin cortical bone, as a result of differential regulation of Wnt and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in these two bone compartments. Treatment of Sfrp4-deficient mice with a soluble Bmp2 receptor (RAP-661) or with antibodies to sclerostin corrected the cortical-bone defect. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that Pyle's disease was caused by a deficiency of sFRP4, that cortical bone and trabecular-bone homeostasis were governed by different mechanisms, and that sFRP4-mediated cross-regulation between Wnt and BMP signaling was critical for achieving proper cortical-bone thickness and stability. Copyright © 2016 Massachusetts Medical Society.