National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center

Nagano-shi, Japan

National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center

Nagano-shi, Japan

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Saeki Y.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Ishihara K.,Kawasaki Medical School
Autoimmunity Reviews | Year: 2014

Autoimmunity causes pathological conditions resulting in autoimmune diseases (ADs). Although autoimmunity is a mystery, immunological dogma suggests that autoreactive cell reactivation (ACR) breaks self-tolerance and induces autoimmunity. Thus, ACR is a royal pathway for ADs. Cumulative evidence implicates environmental factors as secondary triggers of ADs in the genetically susceptible hosts. Infection is the most likely trigger. Although several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how infectious agents trigger ADs, ACR is assumed to be an essential pathway. Here, by showing some exemplary ADs, we propose two novel pathways, "molecular modification pathway" and "hyper-immune-inflammatory response pathway", which induce AD-like conditions directly by infectious agents without ACR. These AD-like conditions are actually not true "ADs" according to the current definition. Therefore, we define them as "pathogen-driven autoimmune-mimicry (PDAIM)". Confirming PDAIM will open perspectives in developing novel fundamental and non-immunosuppressive therapies for ADs. The idea should also provide novel insights into both the mechanisms of autoimmunity and the pathogenesis of ADs. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sugimoto T.,Higashiosaka City General Hospital | Uranishi R.,Bell Land General Hospital | Yamada T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center
World Neurosurgery | Year: 2016

Background: Arachnoid cysts in the fourth ventricle are extremely rare, with only 13 cases having been described in the literature. Especially, only 1 case of a patient older than 70 years has been reported. Arachnoid cysts in the fourth ventricle may cause obstructive hydrocephalus. Here, we report the case of a 72-year-old man who presented with an arachnoid cyst in the fourth ventricle that caused gradually progressive symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus. Methods: A 72-year-old man complaining of persistent dizziness and gait difficulty was admitted to our hospital due to a gradual worsening of his symptoms and apparent cognitive impairment. Computed tomography scan of the head showed symmetrically dilated third, fourth, and lateral ventricles. Result: Though we performed a ventriculoperitoneal shunt operation, his trunk ataxia persisted. We finally diagnosed an arachnoid cyst in the fourth ventricle by direct ventricular infusion of enhanced material. We performed direct surgical fenestration of the cyst and achieved a good outcome. Conclusion: Arachnoid cysts of the fourth ventricle are exceedingly rare, but it is important to recognize them because they cause normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms and cerebellar or brainstem deficit. We propose detailed neurologic and radiologic examinations of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus symptoms to avoid unnecessary shunt. © 2016, Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Kaito T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center Kawachinagano | Hosono N.,Osaka Koseinenkin Hospital | Ohshima S.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Ohwaki H.,Osaka Koseinenkin Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Spine | Year: 2012

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of biological agents (BAs) on the development and progression of cervical spine lesions and identify predictors of lesion progression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The introduction of BAs has facilitated advances in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). BAs reduce disease activity and limit structural joint damage. However, the effect of BAs on cervical spine lesions remains unclear. METHODS: Thirty-eight subjects who received more than 2 years of continuous BA treatment were enrolled. The mean x-ray interval was 4.4 years. RA activity was evaluated by disease activity score (DAS)-C reactive protein (CRP) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3. Radiographical definitions of cervical lesions were atlanto-dental interval (ADI) more than 3 mm for atlanto-axial subluxation (AAS), Ranawat value less than 13 mm for vertical subluxation (VS), and anterior or posterior listhesis more than 2 mm for subaxial subluxation (SS). Definitions of radiographical progression were an increase of ADI more than 2 mm for AAS, a decrease of both Ranawat and Redlund-Johnell values more than 2 mm for VS, and an increase of listhesis more than 2 mm for SS. RESULTS: RA activity responded dramatically to BA therapy (DAS-CRP from 4.3 to 2.3, P < 0.01; MMP-3 from 207.9 ng/mL to 105.6 ng/mL, P < 0.01). Baseline radiographical evaluation showed no pre-existing cervical spine lesions in 12 cases, AAS in 15 cases, and VS in 11 cases. Radiological progression was found in 1 (8%) patient in the no lesion group, 12 patients (80%) in the AAS group, and 9 patients (80%) in the VS group. The incidence of progression was significantly lower in the no lesion group compared with the other groups. Multivariate regression analysis showed that the presence of pre-existing cervical lesions was the single greatest predictor of progression. CONCLUSION: BAs prevented the development of de novo cervical spine lesions in patients with RA, but failed to inhibit progression of pre-existing RA lesions. © 2012, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Tanaka T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Kato T.,Kobe Hospital of Japan Seafarers Relief Association | Ohmichi M.,Osaka Medical College
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research | Year: 2012

The relation between the use of tamoxifen and gynecologic tumors has been documented. In this case, a 58-year-old postmenopausal woman had been treated with tamoxifen for 5 years followed by toremifene for 1.5 years due to the presence of stage II estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. The patient was found to have a stage Ic granulosa cell tumor of the ovary despite undergoing annual gynecologic examinations. This report presents a case of granulosa cell tumor of the ovary after the long-term use of tamoxifen and toremifene. © 2012 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Kaito T.,Osaka University | Ohshima S.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Fujiwara H.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Makino T.,Osaka University | Yonenobu K.,Jikei Institute
Spine | Year: 2013

STUDY DESIGN.: Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE.: To clarify the effect of biological agents (BAs) on the development and progression of cervical lesions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify biomarkers that accurately predict disease progression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: The introduction of BAs changed the paradigm of RA treatment. However, their effects on cervical lesions in patients with RA have not been studied. METHODS.: Ninety-one subjects who had received BAs for 2 years or more were enrolled. Mean radiographical interval was 3.9 years. Disease activity was evaluated by disease activity score-C-reactive protein levels, and matrix metalloproteinase-3 levels. Cervical lesions were defined as an atlantodental interval more than 3 mm for atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS), Ranawat value less than 13 mm for vertical subluxation (VS), and anterior or posterior listhesis more than 2 mm for subaxial subluxation. Disease progression was defined radiographically as an increase in the atlantodental interval more than 2 mm for AAS, a decrease in both Ranawat and Redlund-Johnell values more than 2 mm for VS, and an increase in listhesis more than 2 mm for subaxial subluxation. We used multivariate regression techniques to assess predictors of disease progression. RESULTS.: Baseline radiographical evaluation showed no pre-existing cervical lesion in 44 patients, AAS in 29, and VS in 18. Radiological progression occurred in 7% patients without baseline lesions, 79% in the AAS group, and 72% in the VS group. The incidence of progression was significantly lower in patients without lesions at baseline. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated pre-existing cervical lesions, disease activity score-C-reactive protein levels at baseline and metalloproteinase-3 levels at final visit as good predictors of RA progression. CONCLUSION.: BAs prevented de novo cervical lesions in patients with RA but failed to control progression in patients with pre-existing cervical lesions. Disease activity score-C-reactive protein levels at baseline were related to pre-existing joint destruction, and metalloproteinase-3 levels accurately predicted ongoing bone destruction during BA treatment. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams &Wilkins.


Tamagawa K.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Horiuchi T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Wada T.,Kureha Corporation | Bannai K.,Kureha Corporation | Ando T.,Kureha Corporation
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: We previously demonstrated that hepatic ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury increased liver metastasis and cancer growth of RCN-H4 cells. Using a rat model of hepatic I/R-induced liver metastasis, we investigated the metastasis-suppressing effect of polysaccharide-K (PSK), a biological response modifier composed of protein-bound polysaccharide. Methods: Fischer rats underwent 60 min of 70% partial hepatic ischemia. After 60 min of reperfusion, rat colon adenocarcinoma cells (RCN-H4) were inoculated intrasplenically. PSK was administered orally before I/R, after I/R, or before and after I/R. The weights of metastatic lesions of the liver or the numbers of liver metastatic nodules were determined on day 21. The effect of PSK on angiogenesis was studied by a rat cornea model using RCN-H4 cells or a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-containing pellet and an in vitro VEGF-induced endothelial cell migration assay. Results: PSK administration significantly (p<0.05) suppressed the I/R-induced increase in hepatic metastasis of RCN-H4 cells. The suppression of I/R-promoted metastasis was observed irrespective of the timing of administration. Furthermore, PSK significantly suppressed angiogenesis induced by RCN-H4 cells (p<0.05) and the VEGF pellet (p< 0.01). PSK significantly suppressed the VEGF-induced migration of vascular endothelial cells (p<0.05). Conclusion: PSK may suppress metastasis induced by hepatic I/R. The suppression of angiogenesis by PSK may be one of the mechanisms of the inhibition of hepatic metastasis. © Springer-Verlag 2011.


Kaito T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center
Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery | Year: 2011

We reported that excessive disc space distraction caused by insertion of large cages during posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) combined with pedicle screws (PS) induces adjacent segment disease (ASD). Spinous process plate (SPP) is known to allow cage subsidence when used in PLIF, since they cannot share vertical loads. We therefore hypothesize that the incidence of ASD after PLIF with SPP should be lower than that after PLIF with PS due to this loss of disc space distraction. Radiographic ASD is defined as development of spondylolisthesis > 3 mm, decrease in disc height > 3 mm, or intervertebral angle at flexion lesser than -5°. Symptomatic ASD is defined by a decrease of ≥ 4 points in Japanese Orthopedic Association score. One hundred and thirty patients with L4 spondylolisthesis were treated with either PLIF with SPP (n = 45) or PLIF with PS (n = 85) and followed up for a minimum of 2 years (mean, 39.0 months). L4-5 disc space distraction in the SPP group was significantly smaller (0.4 mm) as compared to the PS group (1.8 mm). The incidence of clinical ASD in the SPP group (2%, 1/45) was also significantly less than that in the PS group (15%, 13/85). Multivariate analysis showed that disc space distraction was the most significant risk factor. Among various risk factors for ASD after PLIF, the excessive distraction of disc space proved to be a potent risk factor for ASD.


Makino T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Kaito T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Fujiwara H.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Yonenobu K.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center
Spine | Year: 2013

STUDY DESIGN. A retrospective cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of and risk factors for lumbar scoliosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using lumbar images obtained from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. The prevalence of lumbar scoliosis in the normal adult population has been reported, but that in patients with RA remains unclear. METHODS. Subjects comprised 241 patients with RA who underwent annual DXA. Cobb angles of the lumbar spine were measured by lumbar anteroposterior DXA and the prevalence of lumbar scoliosis (curvature ≥10°) was calculated. Correlations between lumbar scoliosis and potential risk factors (age, sex, duration of RA, T score of lumbar spine and hip, medications for RA [daily predonisolone dose, use of biological agents] and osteoporosis, disease activity score-C-reactive protein, progression stage and functional classification of RA, and severity of hand deformity were analyzed. RESULTS. The prevalence of lumbar scoliosis in patients with RA was 32.0%. Mean Cobb angle was 7.1° ± 5.5° among all subjects, compared with 13.6° ± 4.4° (range, 10°-32°) among subjects with scoliosis. Subjects with scoliosis were significantly older (67.8 yr) than those without (61.6 yr, P < 0.0001). The daily prednisolone dose was significantly higher in subjects with scoliosis (4.14 mg) than in those without (3.46 mg, P = 0.0389). The T score of the hip was significantly smaller in subjects with scoliosis (-1.79) than in those without (-1.26, P = 0.0005). A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed age as the sole risk factor for lumbar scoliotic changes in patients with RA (odds ratio, 1.068; 95% confidence interval, 1.031-1.107; P = 0.0003). CONCLUSION. The prevalence of lumbar scoliosis in patients with RA was 32.0%, about 3- or 4-times higher than its prevalence as obtained from previous reports of DXA cohorts irrespective of RA. Increased age represented an independent risk factor for lumbar scoliosis in patients with RA.Level of Evidence: 4 © 2013, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Makino T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Kaito T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Fujiwara H.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Yonenobu K.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center
European Spine Journal | Year: 2012

Purpose: The measurement of transverse pedicle width is still recommended for selecting a screw diameter despite being weakly correlated with the minimum pedicle diameter, except in the upper lumbar spine. The purpose of this study was to reveal the difference between the minimum pedicle diameter and conventional transverse or sagittal pedicle width in degenerative lumbar spines. Methods: A total of 50 patients with degenerative lumbar disorders without spondylolysis or lumbar scoliosis of >10° who preoperatively underwent helical CT scans were included. The DICOM data of the scans were reconstructed by imaging software, and the transverse pedicle width (TPW), sagittal pedicle width (SPW), minimum pedicle diameter (MPD), and the cephalocaudal inclination of the pedicles were measured. Results: The mean TPW/SPW/MPD values were 5.46/11.89/5.09 mm at L1, 5.76/10.44/5.39 mm at L2, 7.25/10.23/6.52 mm at L3, 9.01/9.36/6.83 mm at L4, and 12.86/8.95/7.36 mm at L5. There were significant differences between the TPW and MPD at L3, L4, and L5 (p < 0.01) and between the SPW and MPD at all levels (p < 0.01). Conclusions: The MPD was significantly smaller than the TPW and SPW at L3, L4, and L5. The actual measurements of the TPW were not appropriate for use as a direct index for the optimal pedicle screw diameter at these levels. Surgeons should be careful in determining pedicle screw diameter based on plain CT scans especially in the lower lumbar spine. © Springer-Verlag 2012.


Makino T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Kaito T.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Fujiwara H.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center | Yonenobu K.,National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center
Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine | Year: 2012

Object. Although the anatomy of the thoracic pedicle in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is well known, that of the lumbar pedicle in degenerative lumbar scoliosis is not. The morphometric differences between the pedicles on the concave and convex sides can result in an increased risk of malpositioned pedicle screws. The purpose of this study was to analyze the lumbar pedicle morphology in degenerative lumbar scoliosis using multiplanar reconstructed CT. Methods. The study group comprised 16 consecutive patients (1 man and 15 women, mean age 70.9 ± 4.5 years) with degenerative lumbar scoliosis characterized by a Cobb angle of at least 30° who underwent preoperative helical CT scans. The CT data in DICOM format were reconstructed, and the following parameters were measured for each pedicle inside the curves: the inner cortical transverse pedicle width (TPWi) and outer cortical transverse pedicle width (TPWo) and axial angle, all on an axial plane, and the inner cortical minimum pedicle diameter (MPDi) and outer cortical minimum pedicle diameter (MPDo) and cephalocaudal inclination of the pedicle, all on the plane perpendicular to the pedicle axis. The cortical thickness and cortical ratio of the pedicles on the axial plane and the plane perpendicular to the pedicle axis were calculated. Data were obtained for a total of 124 pedicles; L-1, 26 pedicles in 13 patients; L-2, 32 pedicles in 16 patients; L-3, 32 pedicles in 16 patients; L-4, 28 pedicles in 14 patients; and L-5, 6 pedicles in 3 patients. Results. Among the target vertebrae, the TPWi, MPDi, and MPDo were significantly smaller and the axial angle was significantly larger on the concave side than on the convex side (TPWi, 6.37 vs 6.70 mm, p < 0.01; MPDi, 5.15 vs 5.67 mm, p < 0.01; MPDo, 7.91 vs 8.37 mm, p < 0.05; axial angle, 11.79° vs 10.56°, p < 0.01). The cortical ratio of the pedicles was larger on the concave side than on the convex side (on the axial plane, 0.29 vs 0.26, p < 0.05; on the plane perpendicular to the pedicle axis, 0.36 vs 0.32, p < 0.01). These differences were most evident at L-4. Conclusions. This study demonstrated lumbar pedicle asymmetry in degenerative lumbar scoliosis. The authors speculate that these asymmetrical changes were attributed to the remodeling caused by axial load imbalance and the limited space available for pedicles on the concave side. On the concave side, because of the narrower pedicle diameter and larger axial angle, surgeons should carefully determine screw size and direction when inserting pedicle screws to prevent possible pedicle wall breakage and neural damage.

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