Shimizu T.,Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital |
Nagaoka U.,Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital |
Nakayama Y.,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science |
Kawata A.,Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital |
And 16 more authors.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis | Year: 2012
Malnutrition in the early stage has been reported as an independent predictor of survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We analyzed retrospectively the effect of variation of body mass index (BMI) on survival in ALS patients. In total, 77 consecutive ALS patients were enrolled from nine hospitals in Japan. Reduction rate of BMI was calculated from BMI before the disease onset and at the time of the first visit to each hospital. We analyzed the correlation between BMI reduction rate and total disease duration. Results showed that the median BMI reduction rate was 2.5 per year (interquartile range 1.33.8). The BMI reduction rate was significantly correlated with survival length (p <0.0001). There was also a significant difference in survival between ALS patients with a BMI reduction rate ≥ and < 2.5 (Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test, p < 0.0001; hazard ratio by the Cox model, 2.9816). In conclusion, faster reduction of BMI at the initial stage before the first visit to hospital predicts shorter survival length also in Japanese ALS patients. © 2012 Informa Healthcare.
Saitou Y.,National Hospital Organization Higashi Nagoya National Hospital |
Sakai K.,National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center |
Konagaya M.,National Hospital Organization Suzuka Hospital
Japanese Journal of Geriatrics | Year: 2016
Aim: Subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON) is a known adverse effect of clioquinol use; however, clioquinol dissolves beta- amyloid aggregation in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of dementia in SMON patients and whether past clioquinol use affected the current incidence of AD. Methods: We included 647 SMON patients (195 men, 452 women; mean age 77.9 years) who had undergone medical checkups including the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) in 2012. Of them, 105 patients scored £23 on the MMSE assessment. The presence/absence of dementia and disease backgrounds were obtained by a questionnaire. Then, using the medical checkup database, the correlation between the degree of severity when signs of SMON were at their worst and the concurrent presence or absence of AD at present was analyzed. Results: In patients ³65 years of age, the estimated prevalence of dementia was approximately 10.9% (95% confidence interval: 7.9%-13.8%). The concurrent presence of AD at present was not correlated with the past degree of SMON severity when the SMON signs were at their worst. Conclusions: The 10.9% prevalence of dementia in SMON patients was lower than a previously reported 15% prevalence found in the general population. According to these results, we cannot draw a definitive conclusion regarding the preventive effect of clioquinol on AD. Additionally, the lack of association between the onset of AD and past severity of SMON precludes definitive conclusions on the relationship between concurrent presence of AD and past clioquinol use. © 2016, Japan Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.
Inoue T.,Okayama University of Science |
Sugiyama H.,Okayama University of Science |
Hiki Y.,Fujita Health University Hospital |
Takiue K.,Okayama University of Science |
And 9 more authors.
Clinical Immunology | Year: 2010
Aberrant O-glycosylation of serum and tonsillar IgA1 is one of the main pathogeneses of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, the synthesis of underglycosylated IgA1 in tonsils has not yet been characterized. This study examined tonsillar B lymphocytes of IgAN (n= 34) using tonsils derived from patients with chronic tonsillitis (n= 24) and sleep apnea syndrome (n= 14) as a control. Gene expression of β1,3-galactosyltransferase (β3GalT), and the core 1 β3GalT-specific molecular chaperone, Cosmc, UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine: polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase 2, were significantly decreased in tonsillar CD19-positive B lymphocytes from IgAN patients compared to control tonsillar tissues as determined by real-time RT-PCR. Tonsillar B cell β3GalT gene expression significantly correlated with estimated GFR and negatively correlated with proteinuria and histological injury score. Western blotting showed the protein expression of β3GalT in the tonsils to significantly decrease in IgAN in comparison to the controls. These data suggest the downregulation of β3GalT in tonsillar B lymphocytes to be closely associated with the clinical characteristics of IgAN. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Taniguchi A.,Okayama University of Science |
Miyahara N.,Okayama University of Science |
Waseda K.,Okayama University of Science |
Kurimoto E.,Okayama University of Science |
And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology | Year: 2015
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. RAGE is reported to be involved in various inflammatory disorders; however, studies that address the role of RAGE in allergic airway disease are inconclusive. RAGE-sufficient (RAGE-/-) and RAGE-deficient (RAGE+/+) mice were sensitized to ovalbumin, and airway responses were monitored after ovalbumin challenge. RAGE+/+ mice showed reduced eosinophilic inflammation and goblet cell metaplasia, lower T helper type 2 (Th2) cytokine production from spleen and peribronchial lymph node mononuclear cells, and lower numbers of group 2 innate lymphoid cells in the lung compared with RAGE-/- mice following sensitization and challenge. Experiments using irradiated, chimeric mice showed that the mice expressing RAGE on radio-resistant structural cells but not hematopoietic cells developed allergic airway inflammation; however, the mice expressing RAGE on hematopoietic cells but not structural cells showed reduced airway inflammation. In contrast, absence of RAGE expression on structural cells enhanced innate airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). In the absence of RAGE, increased interleukin (IL)-33 levels in the lung were detected, and blockade of IL-33 receptor ST2 suppressed innate AHR in RAGE+/+ mice. These data identify the importance of RAGE expressed on lung structural cells in the development of allergic airway inflammation, T helper type 2 cell activation, and group 2 innate lymphoid cell accumulation in the airways. RAGE on lung structural cells also regulated innate AHR, likely through the IL-33-ST2 pathway. Thus manipulating RAGE represents a novel therapeutic target in controlling allergic airway responses. © 2015 the American Physiological Society.
Three-Arm Randomized Trial of Sodium Alginate for Preventing Radiation-Induced Esophagitis in Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Receiving Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy: The OLCSG1401 Study Protocol
PubMed | Okayama University of Science, Red Cross, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, Chugoku Central Hospital and 7 more.
Type: | Journal: Clinical lung cancer | Year: 2016
Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard of care for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). However, this intensive therapy often causes severe esophagitis, which could deteriorate a patients quality of life (QOL), leading to poor treatment compliance. Sodium alginate, approved in Japan for gastritis, is sufficiently highly viscous to remain in the esophageal mucosa, providing a protective effect in the esophagus. To investigate whether this compound has a preventive effect against severe esophagitis in patients receiving concurrent CRT, we plan a 3-arm randomized trial of sodium alginate with 2 different schedules versus water. The primary endpoint is set as the proportion of patients with grade 3 esophagitis using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0. With stratification by institute, performance status, and percentage of the esophageal volume receiving >35 Gy, the patients will be randomly assigned to 1 of the following groups: sodium alginate initiated concomitantly with CRT (group A), sodium alginate initiated soon after the development of extremely mild esophagitis during CRT (group B), or water administered throughout CRT (group C). Assuming that the proportion of grade 3 esophagitis would be 8% in groups A and B and 27% in group C, the required sample size would be 200 patients, with 70% power and 5% . The secondary endpoints include QOL, the frequency of additional prescriptions of analgesics, treatment response, and survival. The results of the present study will clarify whether sodium alginate can prevent esophagitis in patients with LA-NSCLC undergoing CRT.
Ohta K.,Teikyo University |
Yamaguchi M.,Teikyo University |
Akiyama K.,National Hospital Organization Sagamihara National Hospital |
Adachi M.,Showa University |
And 5 more authors.
Allergology International | Year: 2011
Adult bronchial asthma (hereinafter, asthma) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation, reversible airway narrowing, and airway hyperresponsiveness. Long-standing asthma induces airway remodeling to cause an intractable asthma. The number of patients with asthma has increased, while the number of patients who die from asthma has decreased (1.7 per 100,000 patients in 2009). The aim of asthma treatment is to enable patients with asthma to lead a healthy life without any symptoms. A partnership between physicians and patients is indispensable for appropriate treatment. Long-term management with agents and elimination of causes and risk factors are fundamental to asthma treatment. Four steps in pharmacotherapy differentiate mild to intensive treatments; each step includes an appropriate daily dose of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), varying from low to high doses. Long-acting β2 agonists (LABA), leukotriene receptor antagonists, and theophylline sustainedrelease preparation are recommended as concomitant drugs, while anti-IgE antibody therapy is a new choice for the most severe and persistent asthma. Inhaled β2 agonists, aminophylline, corticosteroids, adrenaline, oxygen therapy, etc., are used as needed against acute exacerbations. Allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), aspirin induced asthma, pregnancy, and cough variant asthma are also important factors that need to be considered. ©2011 Japanese Society of Allergology.
Hiemori M.,Okayama Prefectural University |
Yosida Y.,Okayama Prefectural University |
Kimoto M.,Okayama Prefectural University |
Yamashita H.,Okayama Prefectural University |
And 4 more authors.
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry | Year: 2010
Tri a Bd 27K, a major wheat allergen, is a glycoprotein. Tri a Bd 27K was found to occur in multiple forms by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting with a monoclonal antibody against the allergen. Furthermore, it was found that only Tri a Bd 27K components, which have N-linked glycan moieties with fucose residues, bound to IgE antibodies in the sera of wheat-sensitive patients.
Takeuchi M.,National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center |
Yoshida C.,National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center |
Ota Y.,National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center |
Fujiwara Y.,National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center
Internal Medicine | Year: 2011
Infection of Scedosporium apiospermum is very rare but is now emerging as an important cause of both localized and disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients. A 62-year-old woman, who had undergone steroid therapy for refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and had a history of diffuse large B cell lymphoma, developed a deep skin ulcer complicated with lymphangitis. After culture study demonstrated the presence of S. apiospermum, voriconazole (VRCZ) was administered and prompt improvement was observed. Because it is difficult to distinguish S. apiospermum from Aspergillus by histopathology and S. apiospermum is resistant to amphotericin B, VRCZ should be selected as the first choice of antifungal agent when mold is considered to be the causative organism. © 2011 The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine.
PubMed | National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Journal of the neurological sciences | Year: 2012
We report an autopsy case of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) that clinically showed only slowly progressive and symmetric upper motor neuron syndrome over a disease course of 12 years. A female patient initially exhibited dysarthria at the age of 65, followed by gait disturbance and dysphagia. Neurological examination at age 67 disclosed pseudobulbar palsy, spastic gait, hyperreflexia, and presence of bilateral Hoffmann and Babinski signs. However, muscle atrophy, weakness, evidence of denervation on electromyography, vertical gaze palsy, parkinsonism, gait freezing, aphasia, speech apraxia, or dementia was not noted throughout the course. She was clinically diagnosed as having motor neuron disease consistent with so-called primary lateral sclerosis. Pathological examination disclosed histopathological features of PSP, including argyrophilic and tau-positive tufted astrocytes, neurofibrillary tangles, coiled bodies, and thread-like processes in the motor cortex and superior frontal gyrus, and to a lesser degree, in the basal ganglia and brain stem nuclei. In addition, severe fibrillary gliosis was noted in the precentral gyrus and corticospinal tract, being consistent with upper motor neuron syndrome observed in this case. No TAR-DNA binding protein 43-positive lesion, FUS pathology, Bunina body, or Lewy body-like hyaline inclusion was noted in the motor cortex or lower motor neurons. These findings suggest that when tau pathology is prominent in the motor cortex but is minimal in the basal ganglia and brain stem nuclei, a PSP case can lack all classic clinical features of PSP and show only slowly progressive upper motor syndrome, consistent with clinical picture of primary lateral sclerosis.
PubMed | National Hospital Organization Minami Okayama Medical Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology | Year: 2011
We report here an autopsy case of sporadic adult-onset Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome, also known as neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation type 1 (NBIA1), without hereditary burden. A 49-year-old woman died after a 27-year disease course. At the age of 22, she suffered from akinesia, resting tremor, and rigidity. At the age of 28, she was admitted to our hospital because of worsening parkinsonism and dementia. Within several years, she developed akinetic mutism. At the age of 49, she died of bleeding from a tracheostomy. Autopsy revealed a severely atrophic brain weighing 460 g. Histologically, there were iron deposits in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra pars reticulata, and numerous axonal spheroids in the subthalamic nuclei. Neurofibrillary tangles were abundant in the hippocampus, cerebral neocortex, basal ganglia, and brain stem. Neuritic plaques and amyloid deposits were absent. Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, which are immunolabeled by anti--synuclein, were absent. We also observed the presence of TDP-43-positive neuronal perinuclear cytoplasmic inclusions, with variable frequency in the dentate gyrus granular cells, frontal and temporal cortices, and basal ganglia. TDP-43-positive glial cytoplasmic inclusions were also found with variable frequency in the frontal and temporal lobes and basal ganglia. The present case was diagnosed with adult-onset NBIA-1 with typical histological findings in the basal ganglia and brainstem. However, in this case, tau and TDP-43 pathology was exceedingly more abundant than -synuclein pathology. This case contributes to the increasing evidence for the heterogeneity of NBIA-1.