National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
Isoda A.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
[Rinsho ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology | Year: 2016
We describe a patient who developed repeated rituximab-induced serum sickness (RISS) followed by anaphylaxis soon after the third administration of rituximab at relapse. A 65-year-old woman with Sjögren's syndrome and relapsed mucosal associated lymphoma tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the lung underwent rituximab monotherapy (375 mg/m(2)/week). Several days after the second exposure to rituximab, she developed a rash, fever, and arthralgia. These symptoms showed relief, but a severe anaphylactic reaction occurred when she was treated with rituximab for the third time. Although a rare complication in patients with lymphoma, clinicians should be aware of RISS symptoms and avoid repeatedly administering rituximab to such patients.
Isoda A.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital |
Kaira K.,Gunma University |
Iwashina M.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital |
Oriuchi N.,Gunma University |
And 7 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2014
L-type amino-acid transporter 1 (LAT1) plays a key role in cell growth and survival. To determine the prognostic significance of LAT1 in multiple myeloma (MM), we investigated the expression of LAT1 and its functional subunit, 4Fc heavy chain (CD98), on myeloma cells by immunohistochemistry in 100 newly diagnosed MM patients. High expression (moderate or strong staining intensity) of LAT1 and CD98 was detected in 56% and 45% of patients, respectively. The LAT1 expression score was positively correlated with Ki-67 index (r = 0.631, P < 0.001), and there was a statistically significant difference in Durie-Salmon stage between patients with high and low LAT1 expression (P = 0.03). In 43 patients treated with melphalan and prednisolone, the overall response rate was significantly higher in the high LAT1 expression group (60.0%) than in the low LAT1 expression group (17.6%) (P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis confirmed that high expression of LAT1 was a significant prognostic factor for predicting poor overall survival independently from the International Staging System (both P = 0.01). Here, we show that the overexpression of LAT1 is significantly associated with high proliferation and poor prognosis in newly diagnosed MM patients. Thus, LAT1 may be a promising pathological marker for identifying high-risk MM. © 2014 The Authors.
Okamura I.,Shizuoka Cancer Center |
Imai H.,Shizuoka Cancer Center |
Mori K.,Shizuoka Cancer Center |
Ogura K.,Shizuoka Cancer Center |
And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Hematology | Year: 2014
Pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a rare extranodal lymphoma with a 5-year survival rate of 80–95 %. There is no standard treatment strategy for pulmonary MALT lymphoma. In the present study, we performed a retrospective evaluation of systemic rituximab monotherapy (375 mg m−2 day−1, 4–8 cycles) as first-line treatment in patients with pulmonary MALT lymphoma. Of the eight patients enrolled, five achieved complete response, one achieved partial response, and two showed stable disease. Median progression-free survival was 66.0 months (range 9.7–87.2 months). Treatment was well tolerated and all patients were alive during the median follow-up period of 64.0 months. Rituximab monotherapy was efficacious in patients with pulmonary MALT lymphoma, demonstrating long-term disease stabilization and symptom reduction. Larger prospective studies are warranted to further assess the efficacy of rituximab monotherapy. In conclusion, rituximab monotherapy may be considered for first-line therapy in patients with pulmonary MALT lymphoma. © 2014, The Japanese Society of Hematology.
PubMed | Red Cross, Gunma Prefectural Cancer Center, Kiryu Kosei General Hospital, National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology | Year: 2015
The efficacy of gefitinib [an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor] in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EGFR mutation has not been elucidated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of gefitinib in elderly chemotherapy-naive patients with NSCLC harboring sensitive EGFR mutations.We retrospectively evaluated the clinical effects of gefitinib as a first-line treatment for elderly (75 years) NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R mutation). All patients were initially treated with gefitinib (250 mg/day) at seven institutions.Between January 2006 and December 2012, 62 patients (17 men, 45 women) with a median age of 80 years (range, 75-89 years) were included in our analysis. The overall response and disease control rates were 61.2 and 83.8 %, respectively, and the median progression-free survival and overall survival were 13.2 and 19.0 months, respectively. Common adverse events included rash, diarrhea, and liver dysfunction. Major grade 3 or 4 toxicities included skin rash (3.2 %) and increased levels of aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase (21.0 %). Gefitinib treatment was discontinued owing to adverse events of liver dysfunction in 3 patients, drug-induced pneumonitis in 2, and diarrhea in 1.First-line gefitinib could be a preferable standard treatment in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC harboring sensitive EGFR mutations.
Sunaga N.,Gunma University |
Kaira K.,Gunma University |
Tomizawa Y.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital |
Shimizu K.,Gunma University |
And 10 more authors.
British journal of cancer | Year: 2014
On the basis of our recent findings of oncogenic KRAS-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) overexpression in non-small cell lung cancer, we assessed the clinicopathological and prognostic significances of IL-8 expression and its relationship to KRAS mutations in lung adenocarcinomas. IL-8 expression was examined by quantitative RT-PCR using 136 of surgical specimens from lung adenocarcinoma patients. The association between IL-8 expression, clinicopathological features, KRAS or EGFR mutation status and survival was analysed. IL-8 was highly expressed in tumours from elderly patients or smokers and in tumours with pleural involvement or vascular invasion. In a non-smokers' subgroup, IL-8 level positively correlated with age. IL-8 was highly expressed in tumours with KRAS mutations compared with those with EGFR mutations or wild-type EGFR/KRAS. Lung adenocarcinoma patients with high IL-8 showed significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with low IL8. DFS and OS were significantly shorter in the patients with mutant KRAS/high IL-8 than in those with wild-type KRAS/low IL-8. Cox regression analyses demonstrated that elevated IL-8 expression correlated with unfavourable prognosis. Our findings suggest that IL-8 expression is associated with certain clinicopathological features including age and is a potent prognostic marker in lung adenocarcinoma, especially in oncogenic KRAS-driven adenocarcinoma.
PubMed | National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital and Gunma University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of cancer | Year: 2014
On the basis of our recent findings of oncogenic KRAS-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) overexpression in non-small cell lung cancer, we assessed the clinicopathological and prognostic significances of IL-8 expression and its relationship to KRAS mutations in lung adenocarcinomas.IL-8 expression was examined by quantitative RT-PCR using 136 of surgical specimens from lung adenocarcinoma patients. The association between IL-8 expression, clinicopathological features, KRAS or EGFR mutation status and survival was analysed.IL-8 was highly expressed in tumours from elderly patients or smokers and in tumours with pleural involvement or vascular invasion. In a non-smokers subgroup, IL-8 level positively correlated with age. IL-8 was highly expressed in tumours with KRAS mutations compared with those with EGFR mutations or wild-type EGFR/KRAS. Lung adenocarcinoma patients with high IL-8 showed significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than those with low IL8. DFS and OS were significantly shorter in the patients with mutant KRAS/high IL-8 than in those with wild-type KRAS/low IL-8. Cox regression analyses demonstrated that elevated IL-8 expression correlated with unfavourable prognosis.Our findings suggest that IL-8 expression is associated with certain clinicopathological features including age and is a potent prognostic marker in lung adenocarcinoma, especially in oncogenic KRAS-driven adenocarcinoma.
PubMed | Shizuoka Cancer Center, National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital and Gunma University
Type: | Journal: SpringerPlus | Year: 2015
Platinum-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a standard front-line treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, no clinical trials have compared the efficacy and toxicity of platinum combination and docetaxel as subsequent re-challenge chemotherapies after cancer recurrence following CRT. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of platinum combination chemotherapy versus docetaxel monotherapy in NSCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based CRT. From September 2002 to December 2009, at three participating institutions, 24 patients with locally advanced NSCLC, who had previously received platinum-based CRT, were treated with platinum combination re-challenge therapy, whereas 61 received docetaxel monotherapy. We reviewed their medical charts to evaluate patient characteristics and data regarding treatment response, survival, and toxicity. The response rates were 16.7% and 6.6% in the platinum combination chemotherapy and docetaxel monotherapy groups, respectively (p = 0.09), whereas disease control rates were 58.3% and 57.4%, respectively (p = 0.82). Progression-free survival was similar between the two groups (median, 4.2 vs. 2.3 months; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.81; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.51-1.29; p = 0.38), as was overall survival (median, 16.5 vs. 13.0 months; HR = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.47-1.41; p = 0.47). The incidence and severity of toxicity was also similar between the two groups. Hematological toxicity, particularly leukopenia and neutropenia, was more frequent in the docetaxel group. Our results indicated that platinum combination re-challenge was equivalent to docetaxel for relapsed patients previously treated with platinum-based CRT.
Miura Y.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
Arerugī = [Allergy] | Year: 2014
A 71-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of an intractable productive cough. Although he was treated for bronchial asthma, the symptom did not improve. Furthermore, since he developed progressive dyspnea and hypoxemia, he was admitted to our hospital. Marked eosinophilia in a blood test and sputum, poorly defined centrilobular nodules throughout the bilateral lung fields in a chest CT scan, and mixed ventilatory impairment in a spirometric test were revealed. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage were not conducted because of progressive respiratory failure. Therefore, we clinically diagnosed eosinophilic bronchiolitis, and immediately administered oral prednisolone (30 mg daily). His symptoms and examination findings rapidly improved. This case suggests that eosinophilic bronchiolitis should be taken into consideration for differential diagnoses of eosinophilic lung disease and obstructive lung disease, and marked eosinophilia in sputum may be one of the useful tools for diagnosis of this disease when invasive examinations are inadequate.
Takahashi Y.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital |
Koya H.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital |
Kobayashi G.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
Kitakanto Medical Journal | Year: 2015
The patient was an 85-year-old man who developed lung metastasis and intrahepatic bile duct cancer after undergoing surgery for kidney cancer. He had a 1-month history of persistent pain from the neck to both shoulders and proximal limb muscles prior to hospitalization. Computed tomography revealed no findings leading to the development of pain. The patient's condition did not improve despite the use of acetaminophen, immediate-release oxycodone, and kakkonto. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) was suspected based on the clinical findings, with the erythrocyte sedimentation rate showing a marked increase at 107mm/h. As the diagnostic criteria were satisfied, a diagnosis of paraneoplastic syndrome with PMR-like symptoms was made. Accordingly, prednisolone administration at 20mg/day was initiated, which markedly reduced the pain. In cancer patients, pain that is not directly associated with cancer sometimes occurs. Paraneoplastic syndrome rarely occurs, and thus is relatively likely to remain undiagnosed. This is the first report of a case of paraneoplastic syndrome in a patient with kidney and bile duct cancers in Japan.
Suzuki J.,National Hospital Organization Nishigunma Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2011
A 25-year-old man was admitted with elevated fever, dyspnea, cough, dorsal chest pain, and multiple nodular shadows and pleural effusion found on chest X-ray films. There were multiple swollen superficial lymph nodes, and non-caseating epithelioid cell granulomas with Langhans giant cells were detected on a biopsy specimen of a right inguinal lymph node. Bronchoscopy findings demonstrated mucosal irregularity, telangiectasia and small nodules, and another biopsy specimen was similar to that of the inguinal lymph node. The number of lymphocytes and the CD4/CD8 ratio were elevated in his bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and serum ACE and lysozymes levels were also elevated. These findings are compatible with sarcoidosis. Although his symptoms and pleural effusion improved with the administration of 30 mg/day prednisolone (PSL), these findings recurred after about 4 weeks. Therefore, we increased the PSL dose to 60 mg/day, and his symptoms, pleural effusions and laboratory data improved again. There were no signs of relapse after tapering and discontinuance of PSL.