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Akinpelu C.A.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Adebayo O.S.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Fariyike T.A.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Adewale O.M.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013

Horticulture is regarded as the practice or science of growing flowers, fruits and vegetables. Spices are regarded as vegetable substances used to season foods such as nutmeg, garlic, ginger, onion, amongst others and which are usually in the dry form with distinctive flavors and aromas. Despite the multifarious uses of spices, the economic analysis of the spice marketing system in Nigeria has been neglected as they are not regularly cultivated like most food crops. This study was therefore designed to evaluate the economics of spice marketing and also identify the prominent constraints involved in their marketing in Nigeria. Data were collected through the use of a structured interview schedule using 106 spice marketers comprising of 21 wholesalers and 85 retailers randomly selected from 13 identified spice markets spread across 12 local government areas of the three (Imo, Kano and Oyo) states sampled. Data were subjected to descriptive and marketing margin analysis. On average, marketing margin and efficiency of the spices sampled were in the ascending order; African-nutmeg > ginger > garlic. Prominent among major constraints to marketing of spices in Nigeria was high transport cost. Therefore, to fast track the process of increased production and marketing of spices for economic exploitation, awareness of the economic, medicinal and nutritional values of these spices should be emphasized. Also, success in commercializing spices thus depends on the orientation of production to meet market demand and on the removal, or reduction, of a broad range of marketing constraints.


Akinpelu C.A.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Adebayo O.S.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Adesegun E.A.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | Aminu-Taiwo B.R.,National Horticultural Research Institute of Nigeria NIHORT | And 4 more authors.
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2013

Spices not only play an important role in the daily diet and nutrition, but also in the socio-cultural setting of the different ethnic groups in Nigeria. Despite their numerous uses and properties, many of the plants used as spices in Nigeria are neglected and endangered, even though spice consumption in Nigeria and other West African countries has increased in recent times. A survey of three ecological zones in Nigeria was therefore conducted to identify the preferences of consumers for spices as well as the factors that influence consumer preferences. Twelve Local Government Areas were randomly selected within the three (Imo, Kano and Oyo) identified States and questionnaires were distributed to 80 randomly selected individuals and households in each State, leading to a total sample size of 240 respondents of which 234 (97.5%) interviews could be analyzed. Data were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and Chi-square tests. 59% of the respondents were female, while 60.3% were between 31-50 years old, with 57.3% of respondents educated at a tertiary level. Onions were mostly preferred and used amongst the consumers of spices in Nigeria, while Tetrapleura tetraptera were least preferred. Age, ethnicity and occupation had a significant (p<0.05) effect on the income spent on spices. An increased awareness is needed on the nutritional, medicinal and economic importance of spices used in Nigeria.

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