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Afonso C.,Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere IPMA | Costa S.,Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere IPMA | Cardoso C.,BioAtlantis | Bandarra N.M.,Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere IPMA | And 4 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

The bioaccessibility of total lipids, EPA, DHA, Se, Hg, and MeHg in raw and cooked meagre (Argyrosomus regius) was studied by using an in vitro digestion method. A risk-benefit assessment of raw and cooked meagre on the basis of the bioaccessibility data was carried out. The bioaccessibility of total lipids was generally high in raw and cooked meagre with exception of grilled fish. For EPA and DHA, bioaccessibility percentages were low never surpassing the 50% in raw, boiled, and grilled meagre. The bioaccessibility percentage of Se was equal or higher than 82% (grilling treatment). Likewise, for Hg and MeHg, high bioaccessibility values were determined with exception of grilled meagre, displaying lower values of 54% and 64%, respectively. The risk-benefit probabilistic assessment brought about a recommendation of a maximum consumption of two weekly meals for boiled or roasted meagre and three weekly meals for grilled meagre. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Afonso C.,Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere IPMA | Afonso C.,CIIMAR - Interdisciplinary Center of Marine and Environmental | Costa S.,Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere IPMA | Cardoso C.,BioAtlantis | And 8 more authors.
Environmental Research | Year: 2015

The Se, Hg, and methylmercury (MeHg) levels in raw, cooked (boiled and grilled), and canned tuna (Thunnus spp.) were determined before and after an in vitro digestion, thereby enabling the calculation of the respective bioaccessibility percentages. A risk-benefit evaluation of raw and canned tuna on the basis of the Se and MeHg data was performed. Selenium bioaccessibility was high in tuna, though slightly lower in canned than in raw products. Mercury levels were high in raw and cooked tuna. Hg bioaccessibility percentages were low (39-48%) in the cooked tuna and even lower (<20%) in canned tuna. For the bioaccessible fraction, all molar Se:MeHg ratios were higher than one (between 10 and 74). A probabilistic assessment of MeHg risk vs Se benefit showed that while a weekly meal of canned tuna presents very low risk, raw, boiled, and grilled tuna consumption should not exceed a monthly meal, at least, for pregnant and nursing women. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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