National Food Chain Safety Office

Budapest, Hungary

National Food Chain Safety Office

Budapest, Hungary
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A new species of eriophyoid mite, Aceria pycnocomi sp. nov., associated with Pycnocomon rutifolium (Dipsacaceae), is described and illustrated from Spain. Morphological differences distinguishing this new species from similar Aceria spe-cies are discussed. The female, male and nymph of Aceria eucricotes (Nalepa, 1892) and Aceria kuko (Kishida, 1927) are redescribed and illustrated from Spain and Hungary, respectively; both were collected from Lycium spp. (Solanaceae). Morphological differences distinguishing these two species are discussed. © Copyright 2017 Magnolia Press.


Omeroglu P.Y.,Okan University | Ambrus A.,National Food Chain Safety Office | Boyacioglu D.,Technical University of Istanbul | Majzik E.S.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Food Additives and Contaminants - Part A Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment | Year: 2013

To estimate the uncertainty of the sample size reduction step, each unit in laboratory samples of papaya and cucumber was cut into four segments in longitudinal directions and two opposite segments were selected for further homogenisation while the other two were discarded. Jackfruit was cut into six segments in longitudinal directions, and all segments were kept for further analysis. To determine the pesticide residue concentrations in each segment, they were individually homogenised and analysed by chromatographic methods. One segment from each unit of the laboratory sample was drawn randomly to obtain 50 theoretical sub-samples with an MS Office Excel macro. The residue concentrations in a sub-sample were calculated from the weight of segments and the corresponding residue concentration. The coefficient of variation calculated from the residue concentrations of 50 sub-samples gave the relative uncertainty resulting from the sample size reduction step. The sample size reduction step, which is performed by selecting one longitudinal segment from each unit of the laboratory sample, resulted in relative uncertainties of 17% and 21% for field-treated jackfruits and cucumber, respectively, and 7% for post-harvest treated papaya. The results demonstrated that sample size reduction is an inevitable source of uncertainty in pesticide residue analysis of large-sized crops. The post-harvest treatment resulted in a lower variability because the dipping process leads to a more uniform residue concentration on the surface of the crops than does the foliar application of pesticides. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


A new species of eriophyoid mite, Aculus castriferrei n. sp., associated with Agrimonia eupatoria (Rosaceae) is described and illustrated from Hungary. Morphological differences distinguishing this vagrant species from other rosaceous inhab-iting congeners are discussed. Aceria malherbae Nuzzaci is a new record for the eriophyoid fauna of Hungary after it was found causing severe damage symptoms to Convolvulus arvensis L. (Convolvulaceae). Copyrigh0074 © 2014 Magnolia Press.


Three new species of eriophyoid mite, Aceria cumanorum n. sp., associated with Limonium gmelinii ssp. hungaricum (Plumbaginaceae), Aceria feketeistvani n. sp. associated with Petrorhagia prolifera (Caryophyllaceae) and Aceria belarexi n. sp. on Gypsophila paniculata (Caryophyllaceae) are described and illustrated from Hungary. Morphological differences distinguishing these new species from similar Aceria species are discussed. In addition, new date-locality-host records for 9 eriophyoid species are given. © 2016 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.


Ambrus A.,National Food Chain Safety Office | Yang Y.Z.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

International trade plays an important role in national economics. The Codex Alimentarius Commission develops harmonized international food standards, guidelines, and codes of practice to protect the health of consumers and to ensure fair practices in the food trade. The Codex maximum residue limits (MRLs) elaborated by the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues are based on the recommendations of the FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticides (JMPR). The basic principles applied currently by the JMPR for the evaluation of experimental data and related information are described together with some of the areas in which further developments are needed. © 2015 American Chemical Society.


Ambrus A.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

This paper summarizes the development of principles and methods applied within the program of the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius during the past 50 years for the safety assessment of pesticide residues in food and feed and establishing maximum residue limits (MRLs) to promote free international trade and assure the safety of consumers. The role of major international organizations in this process, the FAO capacity building activities, and some problematic areas that require special attention are briefly described. © 2015 American Chemical Society.


Farsang A.,National Food Chain Safety Office | Kulcsar G.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Biologicals | Year: 2012

The quality and safety of commercial vaccines have a profound importance. Contrary to all precautions and efforts the use of biological material in vaccine development and production may lead to potential contamination of the vaccines with known and unknown extraneous agents (EAs).In veterinary field official lists of EAs have been compiled as legal framework to describe the potential agents, which must be tested during manufacture of vaccines. Nevertheless, detection of known and unknown contaminants in vaccines is a common duty for manufacturers and authorities of both veterinary and human field sharing similar needs of special technical approaches. State-of-art molecular methods such as randomly primed PCR combined with massive parallel sequencing (MPS) or microarrays may open new perspectives in extraneous agent testing. The robustness and efficacy of this technical approach in vaccine control was clearly demonstrated on a human vaccine example when porcine circovirus type 1 (PCV1) contamination was revealed in Rotarix, a human rotavirus vaccine. The consequences and implications are reviewed hereby from a veterinary regulatory point of view. © 2012 The International Alliance for Biological Standardization.


Ripka G.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica | Year: 2015

Two new species of eriophyoid mite, Aceria bendeguzi n. sp., associated with Alcea rosea (Malvaceae) and Acaralox hungarorum n. sp. from Agrimonia eupatoria (Rosaceae), are described and illustrated from Hungary. Morphological differences distinguishing these species from other malvaceous and rosaceous inhabiting congeners are discussed. © 2015 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.


Ripka G.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica | Year: 2014

Female, male and nymph of Aceria bajani n. sp., associated with Xeranthemum annuum, are described from Hungary. Taxonomically relevant morphological details are illustrated and the species is diagnosed from other asteraceous inhabiting congeners. © 2014 Akadémiai Kiadó.


Ripka G.,National Food Chain Safety Office
Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae | Year: 2015

The female, male and nymph of Acaralox bognari sp. n., associated with Verbena officinalis (Verbenaceae), are described from Hungary. Taxonomically relevant morphological details are illustrated and the species is diagnosed from the similar representatives of the genus.

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