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Hall Jr. J.R.,National Fire Protection Association
Journal of Testing and Evaluation | Year: 2012

Codes, standards and regulations require compliance with criteria stated as the results of tests or calculations. These results have associated uncertainty. This paper discusses different approaches to the use of uncertainty in the determination of compliance. In particular, most discussion addresses the many ways in which the decision-making protocol, intended to result in a determination of compliance, may shift the benefit of the doubt of the uncertainty between different interested parties. Copyright © 2012 by ASTM International. Source


Frank W.,Frank Risk Solutions Inc. | Colonna G.R.,National Fire Protection Association
AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings | Year: 2013

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) continues to play an important role in creating guidance for identifying and controlling hazards associated with combustible dusts. Five separate standards address hazards associated with wood-related materials, metals, agricultural products and foodstuffs, sulfur, and all other combustible dusts (e.g., paper, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals). This paper will address a number of developments in NFPA's initiatives addressing combustible dust hazards. Topics to be addressed include: The status of, and recent revisions to, NFPA's combustible dust standards; NFPA's plans for a new combustible dust standard, which will address the common issues associated with controlling combustible dust hazards, leaving the commodityspecific standards to address the issues unique to their scope; A new technical correlating committee, which will help ensure greater consistency between the approaches addressed in the various combustible dust standards; The increasing inclusion of process safety management principles in the combustible dust standards; and The increasing allowance provided to users of NFPA standards for the use of risk-based decision-making in the selection of combustible dust hazard control options. Options exist for AIChE to provide technical support to a number of the above areas. The paper will also preview a new CCPS project for providing tools for addressing combustible dust hazards. Source


Fahy R.,National Fire Protection Association
Fire and Materials | Year: 2015

A panel discussion considered life safety options for people with disabilities and their evacuation challenges, with a particular focus on buildings, such as small care facilities, group homes and nursing homes. Questions to be discussed included consideration of how well occupants in those types of facilities have fared in actual fires, and how well current regulations protect them. The panelists focused on three specific areas-the implications of changing demographics on code development; the factors important in fire safety in small care facilities; and real experiences and future implications for mixed-ability evacuation. This paper details the presentations and the open discussion that followed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source


Diekman S.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Ballesteros M.F.,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | Ahrens M.,National Fire Protection Association
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine | Year: 2012

Fires are the third leading cause of unintentional home injury deaths. Young children and older adults are especially at risk for home fire deaths. Other high-risk groups include males, people with physical disabilities, people impaired by alcohol or other drugs, and people living in rural communities or in poverty. Lifestyle decisions (eg, choosing products) and behaviors (eg, maintaining working smoke alarms or smoking) can influence the risk of being in and surviving a home fire. Fortunately, medical practitioners can foster safer home environments for their patients by promoting effective fire prevention and protection strategies to reduce home fire risks. This review highlights the association between lifestyle and home fires with a focus on achievable lifestyle changes that can prevent fires and fire-related injuries and deaths. © 2012 SAGE Publications. Source


Hall Jr. J.R.,National Fire Protection Association | Sekizawa A.,University of Tokyo
Fire Technology | Year: 2010

The authors revisit their 1991 Bigglestone Award winning Fire Technology paper "Fire Risk Analysis: General Conceptual Framework for Describing Models" and comment on what has changed, what has evolved, and what has remained the same in our understanding of good practice in the conduct of fire risk analysis. Also, the authors refer to the present issues and the future prospects in this regard. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

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