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Hirose K.,National Federation of Agricultural Co operative Associations | Ito T.,National Federation of Agricultural Co operative Associations | Fukawa K.,National Federation of Agricultural Co operative Associations | Arakawa A.,Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science | And 3 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2014

We evaluated multiple effects of genetic variations of five candidate loci (LEP, LEPR, MC4R, PIK3C3 and VRTN) on four production traits (average daily weight gain (ADG); backfat thickness (BFT); loin eye muscle area (EMA); and intramuscular fat content (IMF)) in a closed nucleus herd of pure Duroc pigs. Polymorphisms in LEPR, MC4R and PIK3C3 had significant single gene effects on ADG and BFT. The additive genetic variance in ADG and BFT (16.99% and 22.51%, respectively) was explained by genetic effects of these three loci. No correlations were observed between the LEP genotype and production traits in this study. Although we detected marginally epistatic interactions between LEPR and PIK3C3 on the eye muscle area, there were no significant epistatic effects on any traits among all loci pairs. These results suggest that LEPR, MC4R, PIK3C3 and VRTN may independently influence growth rate and fat deposition. Furthermore, the statistical models for predicting the breeding values of each trait had the lowest Akaike's information criterion values when considering the effect of the MC4R, LEPR, PIK3C3 and VRTN genotype simultaneously. These results suggest that LEPR, MC4R, PIK3C3 and VRTN are useful markers for accurately predicting breeding values in Duroc pigs. © 2013 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source


Hirose K.,Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock | Takizawa T.,Azabu University | Fukawa K.,Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock | Ito T.,Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock | And 3 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2011

A C↔T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on exon 24 of the porcine class 3 phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PIK3C3) gene is considered a possible genetic marker for selecting backfat (BF) thickness and carcass fat, although only one study has published results on its effects by performing experiments on a single resource family. We analyzed the association of this PIK3C3 polymorphism with production traits in 739 Duroc pigs. The C allele frequency was 67.9% in our study population. PIK3C3 polymorphism showed significant effects on average daily weight gain (ADG), BF thickness, intermuscular fat content (IMF), and the size of the loin eye muscle area (EMA). The C alleles increased ADG, BF and IMF, and decreased EMA. The predicted differences in traits between the homozygous pigs of the C and T alleles were 40g/day for DG, 1.2mm for BF, 0.44% for IMF, and 1.6cm 2 for EMA. Furthermore, the statistical models for estimating the breeding values of each trait had lower Akaike's information criterion values when adding PIK3C3 genotype information. We therefore confirmed that the polymorphism in PIK3C3 (C2604T) has the potential to be a genetic marker for production traits in Duroc pigs. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source


Hirose K.,Central Research Institute for Feed and Livestock ZEN NOH | Mikawa S.,Japan National Institute of Agrobiological Science | Okumura N.,JATAFF Institute | Noguchi G.,National Federation of Agricultural Co operative Associations | And 8 more authors.
Animal Science Journal | Year: 2013

Vertnin (VRTN) is involved in the variation of vertebral number in pigs and it is located on Sus scrofa chromosome 7. Vertebral number is related to body size in pigs, and many reports have suggested presence of an association between body length (BL) and meat production traits. Therefore, we analyzed the relationship between the VRTN genotype and the production and body composition traits in purebred Duroc pigs. Intramuscular fat content (IMF) in the Longissimus muscle was significantly associated with the VRTN genotype. The mean IMF of individuals with the wild-type genotype (Wt/Wt) (5.22%) was greater than that of individuals with the Wt/Q (4.99%) and Q/Q genotypes (4.79%). In addition, a best linear unbiased predictor of multiple traits animal model showed that the Wt allele had a positive effect on the IMF breeding value. No associations were observed between the VRTN genotype and other production traits. The VRTN genotype was related to BL. The Q/Q genotype individuals (100.0cm) were longer than individuals with the Wt/Q (99.5cm) and Wt/Wt genotypes (98.9cm). These results suggest that in addition to the maintenance of an appropriate backfat thickness value, VRTN has the potential to act as a genetic marker of IMF. © 2012 Japanese Society of Animal Science. Source

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