NERI, the National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark was an independent research institute under the Aarhus University. NERI undertook scientific consultancy work and monitoring of nature and the environment as well as applied and strategic research. NERI’s primary task was to establish a scientific foundation for environmental policy decisions.NERI participated in a large number of national and international research programmes, and also in scientific working groups, commissions, and organizations under such bodies as the European Union and the United Nations.In 2011, NERI closed. The consultancy side was reorganised into The DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, while the research departments of the old NERI are now divided between the Department of Bioscience and the Department of Environmental Science. Wikipedia.
Jorgensen H.B.,National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark |
Hedlund K.,Lund University
Soil Biology and Biochemistry | Year: 2013
Organic material of different origin is commonly used as fertiliser in agricultural practices. Clover and wheat straw are here used to determine the importance of organic amendment for population development of fungal feeding collembolans. Two fungal species, Alternaria infectoria and Mucor hiemalis, were inoculated in three growth substrates, clover amended soil, straw amended soil and non-amended soil, where both amendments and the soil originated from agricultural fields. Food choice as well as growth rate, survival and fecundity of the collembolan, Folsomia fimetaria, were measured when fed fungi grown in the three substrates. The type of amendment altered food quality of the two fungi, which was reflected in the collembolan food preference. Growth and fecundity of F. fimetaria were enhanced when fed M. hiemalis grown in both types of plant amended soils. F. fimetaria had a slightly higher fitness when fed A. infectoria grown in the straw amended soil, whereas it's fitness decreased when fed with A. infectoria grown in clover amended soil. We also examined how the predatory mite, Hypoaspis aculeifer, was attracted towards the two fungi as it uses the fungal odour as a potential cue of a prey habitat. H. aculeifer was attracted to both fungi when they were grown in clover amended soil where fungal growth also was observed to be massive. Thus, we conclude that amendment applications can cause effects that cascade through several trophic levels. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Borja A.,Tecnalia |
Elliott M.,University of Hull |
Carstensen J.,National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark |
Heiskanen A.-S.,Finnish Environment Institute |
van de Bund W.,European Commission - Joint Research Center Ispra
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2010
Through implementing environmental Directives, Europe has moved towards coordinated and integrated catchment-to-coast management, following the most novel legislation on ecosystem-based approaches worldwide. The novel joint synthesis of this direction reviewed here allows us to regard the Water Framework Directive (WFD) as a '. deconstructing structural approach' whereas the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is a '. holistic functional approach', i.e. the WFD has split the ecosystem into several biological quality elements, then it compares the structure of these (such as species complement) individually before combining them and attempting to determine the overall condition. In contrast the MSFD concentrates on the set of 11 descriptors which together summarize the way in which the whole system functions. We emphasize that both Directives are frameworks on which many other directives are linked but that they need to be fully and seamlessly integrated to give a land to open sea system of assessment and management. Hence, by taking account of the experience gained in the WFD implementation, together with that from regional sea conventions, such as OSPAR (North East Atlantic) or HELCOM (Baltic Sea), we propose in this contribution an integrative approach for the environmental status assessment, within the MSFD. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Jensen T.C.,Technical University of Denmark |
Moller F.,National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark
Energy Policy | Year: 2010
This paper contains a tentative suggestion of how to take into account the value of changes in price volatility in real world cost-benefit analyses. Price volatility is an important aspect of security of supply which first of all concerns physical availability, but assuming that consumers are risk averse, security of supply can also be viewed as a matter of avoiding oscillations in consumption originating from volatile prices of for instance oil. When the government makes transport-related choices on behalf of the consumers, the effect on oscillations in general consumption should be included in the policy assessment taking into account the most significant correlations between prices of alternative fuels and between fuel prices and consumption in general. In the present paper, a method of valuing changes in price volatility based on portfolio theory is applied to some very simple transport-related examples. They indicate that including the value of changes in price volatility often makes very little difference to the results of cost-benefit analyses, but more work has to be done on quantifying, among other things, consumers' risk aversion and the background standard deviation in total consumption before firm conclusions can be drawn. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Zhang J.,National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark |
Gurkan Z.,Technical University of Denmark |
Jorgensen S.E.,Copenhagen University
Ecological Modelling | Year: 2010
Eco-exergy has been widely used in the assessment of ecosystem health, parameter estimations, calibrations, validations and prognoses. It offers insights into the understanding of ecosystem dynamics and disturbance-driven changes. Particularly, structurally dynamic models (SDMs), which are developed using eco-exergy as the goal function, have been applied in explaining and exploring ecosystem properties and changes in community structure driven by biotic and abiotic factors. In this paper, we review the application of eco-exergy for the assessment of ecosystem health and development of structurally dynamic models (SDMs). The limitations and possible future applications of the approach are also addressed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Hoffle H.,University of Southern Denmark |
Thomsen M.S.,National Environmental Research Institute of Denmark |
Thomsen M.S.,Australian Institute of Marine Science |
Holmer M.,University of Southern Denmark
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science | Year: 2011
The present study tested for density-dependent effects of the invasive drift macroalgae Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss on growth and survival of the native eelgrass, Zostera marina L., under different temperature levels. Three weeks laboratory experiments were conducted in Odense, Denmark, combining three algae densities (control, low 1.9 kg WW m-2, high 4.5 kg WW m-2) with typical Danish summer temperatures (18 °C) and elevated temperatures (21 °C and 27 °C). There was a significant effect of temperature on shoot survival with on average 68% mortality in the high temperature treatment but almost no mortality at the two lower temperatures. The higher mortality was probably caused by high sulphide levels in the sediment pore water (0.6 mmol l-1 at 18 °C compared to 3.7 mmol l-1 at 27 °C). Above-ground growth of the surviving shoots was also significantly affected by temperature, with leaf elongation rates being negatively affected, while the leaf plastochrone interval increased. Relative growth rate was significantly higher at 21 °C than at 18 °C or 27 °C, whereas rhizome elongation was significantly lowest at 27 °C. Elemental sulphur content in the plant tissues increased significantly with temperature and was up to 34 times higher (S0 in rhizomes) at 27 °C compared to the lower temperatures. In contrast to the temperature effects, cover by G. vermiculophylla did not cause significant effects on any seagrass responses. However, there was a (non-significant) negative effect of algal cover at the highest temperature, where the seagrass is already stressed. The latter results suggest that more studies should test for interaction effects between temperature and other anthropogenic stressors given that temperature is predicted to increase in the near future. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.