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Wang C.,National Engineering Research Center for Wheat and 62 Nongye Road | Wang C.,Henan Agricultural University | Liu W.,National Engineering Research Center for Wheat and 62 Nongye Road | Li Q.,National Engineering Research Center for Wheat and 62 Nongye Road | And 11 more authors.
Field Crops Research | Year: 2014

We evaluated the effects of irrigation and nitrogen regimes on wheat root growth under high-yielding conditions in the Huanghuai wheat production area of China by performing field experiments at three locations in Henan Province. The grain yield, which was significantly affected by irrigation and nitrogen fertilization regimes, ranged from 6801 to 8340kgha-1 in Kaifeng, 2055 to 7190kgha-1 in Zhengzhou and 3711 to 6859kgha-1 in Wenxian. The root weight density (RWDV) in the soil at 0-100cm reached a maximum at the flowering stage, ranging from 115.59 to 143.49gm-3 in Kaifeng, 39.75 to 113.85gm-3 in Zhengzhou and 53.90 to 114.56gm-3 in Wenxian. RWDV in the 0-40cm soil layer accounted for 72.8-87.4% of the density in 0-100-cm-deep soil across the three locations. The irrigation significantly increased the RWDV (by 46.6% and 27.2% at the flowering stage in Zhengzhou and Wenxian, respectively). The effect of nitrogen on RWDV depended on soil water conditions. The application of N180 produced the maximum RWDV under irrigation conditions, but N0 produced the highest value under water stress conditions. Both no-irrigation and N0 treatments significantly increased the R/S, and the combined treatment (W0N0) produced the maximum R/S, which indicated that stress has a relatively strong effect on the growth of the above-ground parts of wheat plants. The grain yield was strongly, positively correlated with RWDV in the 20-40cm and 40-60cm soil layers but negatively correlated with RWDV in the deep soil layers. The yield components were also closely correlated with RWDV in various soil layers; in particular, the 1000-grain weight was strongly positively correlated with RWDV in most soil layers at the late stage of development in wheat. W2N240 and W2N180 treatment produced the highest grain yield and RWDV values, respectively. © 2014. Source

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