Lv L.,Peking University |
Liu Y.,Peking University |
Zhang P.,Peking University |
Zhang X.,Peking University |
And 6 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2015
Nanostructured materials can direct stem cell lineage commitment solely by their various, but controllable, geometric cues, which would be very important for their future application in bone tissue engineering and bone regeneration. However, the mechanisms by which nano-geometric cues dictate the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells remain unclear. Epigenetics is central to cellular differentiation, a process that regulates heritable and long-lasting alterations in gene expression without changing the DNA sequence. Here, we explored the varied osteogenic behaviors of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) on titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotube arrays of different diameters. Both invitro and invivo studies demonstrated that the nanoscale geometry influenced cellular differentiation and TiO2 nanotubes with a diameter of 70nm was the optimal dimension for the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. Moreover, we observed that TiO2 nanotubes promoted the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs by upregulating methylation level of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4) in the promoter regions of osteogenic genes Runx2 and osteocalcin, by inhibiting demethylase retinoblastoma binding protein 2 (RBP2). These results revealed, for the first time, the epigenetic mechanism by which nanotopography directs stem cell fate. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Liu M.-Q.,Peking University |
Liu M.-Q.,National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology |
Chen H.-M.,Peking University |
Chen H.-M.,National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology |
And 5 more authors.
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology | Year: 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate osseous changes accompanying anterior repositioning splint (ARS) therapy in patients with temporomandibular joint disk displacement. Study Design: Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) data of 36 patients with intermittent or permanent closed-lock were used; 23 patients with permanent closed-lock had their displaced disks physically reduced by mandibular manipulation before ARS therapy. CBCT was performed before and ∼6 months after ARS therapy. The presence and location of "double contour" images suggesting condylar bone remodeling were statistically analyzed. Results: The "double contour" images after ARS therapy were observed in ∼80% of patients, more frequently in joints with signs of displaced disks. The "double contour" appeared more often on the posterior bevel as well as the medial and middle part of condyles (P <.01). Conclusions: ARS therapy can facilitate regenerative remodeling of condyles. CBCT is a useful tool for monitoring osseous changes in condyles. © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Liu W.,Peking University |
Liu W.,Jilin University |
Wei Y.,Peking University |
Wei Y.,National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology |
And 7 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2013
Nanotopographic cues from biomaterials exert powerful effects on the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells because of their niche-mimicking features. However, the biological mechanisms underlying cell lineage determination by surface nanotopography have not been clearly elucidated. Here, we explored the osteogenic behavior of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) on poly-l-lactide nanofibers with different orientations and monitored the dynamic changes in global gene expression triggered by topographical cues. RT-PCR analysis of osteogenic marker genes and ALP activity assays demonstrated that hBMSCs cultured on random nanofibers showed enhanced osteogenic-specific fate compared with those on aligned nanofibers. Microarray analysis demonstrated a similar temporal change in gene expression patterns between hBMSCs cultured on random nanofibers and those induced with an osteogenic supplement (OS). However, the extent of osteogenic differentiation on the fibrous scaffold was much lower than that driven by chemical OS. In-depth pathway analysis revealed that focal adhesion kinase, TGF-β, Wnt, and MAPK pathways were involved in the activation of osteogenic differentiation in hBMSCs on random nanofibers. These findings suggested that a lower extent but similar rhythm of dynamic cellular behavior was induced on random nanofibers when compared with the OS condition and that mechanotransduction could trigger nonspecific and multilevel responses in hBMSCs. This study provides insight into the regulation of osteogenesis directed by substratum surfaces. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Shi R.-R.,Peking University |
Li X.-F.,Peking University |
Zhang R.,Peking University |
Chen Y.,Peking University |
And 2 more authors.
Modern Pathology | Year: 2013
Differential diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma may often pose problems for pathologists. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of mutational analysis of the GNAS gene in differentiating these two conditions. DNA samples from patients with fibrous dysplasia (n=30) and ossifying fibroma (n=21) were collected to analyze the presence of GNAS mutations at exons 8 and 9, the two previously reported hotspot regions, using polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. In all, 90% (27/30) of cases with fibrous dysplasia showed missense mutations of codon 201 at exon 8, with a predilection of arginine-to-histidine substitution (p.R201H, 70%) as opposed to arginine-to-cysteine substitution (p.R201C, 30%), whereas no mutation was detected at exon 9. No mutation was found in all 21 cases with ossifying fibroma. In addition, a meta-analysis of previously published reports on GNAS mutations in fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma was performed to substantiate our findings. A total of 24 reports including 307 cases of fibrous dysplasia and 23 cases of ossifying fibroma were reviewed. The overall incidence of GNAS mutations in fibrous dysplasia was 86% (264/307), and the major types of mutations were also R201H (53%) and R201C (45%). No GNAS mutation was detected in all patients with ossifying fibroma. We also reported one case with uncertain diagnosis due to overlapping clinicopathological features of fibrous dysplasia and ossifying fibroma. An R201H mutation was detected in this case, thus confirming a diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. Taken together, our findings indicate that mutational analysis of GNAS gene is a reliable adjunct to differentiate ossifying fibroma and fibrous dysplasia of the jaws. © 2013 USCAP, Inc. All rights reserved.
Zhang X.,Peking University |
Zhang X.,Tsinghua University |
Xu M.,Peking University |
Song L.,Capital Medical University |
And 8 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2013
Combinations of calcium phosphate scaffolds and bioactive factors are promising niche-mimetic solutions for repairing large-sized bone defects. However, the importance of compatibility between scaffolds and bioactive factors on their osteogenic outcomes has been largely ignored. This study aimed to investigate the compatibility of calcinated antler cancellous bone (CACB) scaffolds with various bioactive factors including icariin (ICA), velvet antler polypeptides (VAP) or recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) as well as their combinational osteogenic potential invitro and invivo. Scanning electron microscopy and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the uniform distribution and chemical stability of the reagents on CABC. Invitro release profiles showed relative steady release of ICA from ICA/CACB, burst VAP release from VAP/CACB, and minimal rhBMP-2 release from rhBMP-2/CACB composites. When compared with VAP and rhBMP-2, incorporation of ICA within CACB resulted in most increased cell attachment, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, osteogenic gene expression, and mineralization of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. In rabbit mandible critical-sized defects, the most extensive osteogenesis and neovascularization were observed in the ICA/CACB group. Differences between the VAP/CACB and rhBMP-2/CACB groups were not apparent. Interestingly, low pro-inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-6) and high anti-inflammatory (IL-10) mRNA levels were observed at scaffold implantation sites which were in close association with amount of new bone formation. These findings highlight that the compatibility between scaffolds and bioactive factors should been taken into account when considering the formula of optimized bone defect repair. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Wang T.-T.,Hebei United University |
Zhang R.,Peking University |
Wang L.,Hebei United University |
Chen Y.,Peking University |
And 3 more authors.
Diagnostic Pathology | Year: 2014
Background: The clinicopathologic characteristics of multiple ossifying fibroma (OF) are unclear due to the condition's rarity, making diagnosis challenging. Sporadic multiple OFs must be distinguished from hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumour syndrome (HPT-JT) related OF and other fibro-osseous lesions. Methods: Multiple OF cases were identified from ossifying fibroma cases. Clinical data including age, sex, anatomic site, radiographic features, clinical impression, treatment and available follow-up data as well as serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were recorded. GNAS and HRPT2 genetic mutations were examined in the two present cases. Case reports of sporadic multiple ossifying fibroma and HPT-JT-related OF were also reviewed. Results: The two present cases were confirmed as sporadic multiple OF, with no genetic GNAS and HRPT2 mutations found. The incidence of sporadic multiple ossifying fibroma was 2.0% (2/102). The total 18 sporadic multiform OF cases were characterized as followed: 13 (72.2%) female; 5 (27.8%) male; mean age 28.6 years; 2/16 (11.1%) cases only in the mandible; 4/18 (22.2%) cases only in the maxilla; and 12/18 (66.7%) cases in both the maxilla and mandible. Radiographically, the lesions were radiolucent in 5/18 (27.8%) cases and mixed density in 13/18 (72.2%) cases. Along with 24 cases of HPT-JT related OF were reviewed, sixteen (66.7%) patients were diagnosed with a single lesion, and 8 patients (33.3%) were diagnosed with multiple jaw lesions. Conclusions: Sporadic multiple OFs are very rare, but must be distinguished from HPT-JT related OF. We strongly recommend that patients diagnosed with multiple ossifying fibromas receive serum PTH testing and mutation screening of HRPT2. Virtual slides: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1194507146115753. © 2014 Wang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Liu Y.,Peking University |
Liu Y.,National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology |
Zhang X.,Peking University |
Jin X.,Peking University |
And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Coating the surface of titanium implants or other bone graft substitute materials with calcium phosphate (Ca-P) crystals is an effective way to enhance the osteoconduction of the implants. Ca-P coating alone cannot confer pro-osteodifferentiation and antibacterial capabilities on implants; however, it can serve as a carrier for biological agents which could improve the performance of implants and bone substitutes. Here, we constructed a novel, bi-functional Ca-P coating with combined proosteodifferentiation and antibacterial capabilities. Different concentrations of metronidazole (MNZ) and simvastatin (SIM) were integrated into biomimetic Ca-P coatings on the surface of titanium disks. The biological effects of this bi-functional biomimetic coating on human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSCs), human adipose derived stromal cells (hASCs), and Porphyromonas gingivalis were assessed in vitro. We observed that Ca-P coatings loaded with both SIM and MNZ display favorable release kinetics without affecting cell proliferation or attachment. In the inhibition zone test, we found that the bi-functional coating showed lasting antibacterial effects when incubated with Porphyromonas gingivalis for 2 and 4 days. Moreover, the osteodifferentiation of hBMMSCs and hASCs were increased when cultured on this bi-functional coating for 7 and 14 days. Both drugs were loaded onto the Ca-P coating at specific concentrations (10 -5 M SIM; 10-2 M MNZ) to achieve optimal release kinetics. Considering the safety, stability and low cost of SIM and MNZ, this novel bifunctional Ca-P coating technique represents a promising method to improve the performance of metal implants or other bone substitute materials, and can theoretically be easily translated to clinical applications. © 2014 Liu et al.
PubMed | Peking University and National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Journal of endodontics | Year: 2015
Although endodontic infection is caused by multi-bacteria species, Enterococcus faecalis is usually isolated in chronic apical periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and mechanical safety of cold plasma therapy in disinfecting 3-week E. faecalis biofilms.Teeth with 3-week E. faecalis biofilm were treated with AC argon/oxygen (Ar/O2) cold plasma for various treatment times and compared with those treated with Ca(OH)2, 2% chlorhexidine gel, and Ca(OH)2/chlorhexidine for a week. Antimicrobial efficacy was assessed by colony-forming unit method. Scanning electron microscopy was used to assess the morphologic changes of E. faecalis biofilm by plasma. Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to confirm the viability of the biofilm after the plasma treatment. Microhardness and roughness changes of root canal dentin caused by plasma were verified with Vickers Hardness Tester and 3D Profile Measurement Laser Microscope, respectively.There were no detectable live bacteria after 12 minutes of cold plasma treatment. This was further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy results. Microhardness and roughness of root canal dentin showed no significant difference after plasma treatment.Atmospheric pressure cold plasma is an effective therapy in endodontics for its strong sterilization effect on fully matured biofilm within a few minutes. Meanwhile, it has an accepted mechanical safety for its low temperature and not affecting the microhardness and roughness of root canal dentin significantly.
PubMed | Beihang University, Peking University and National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology
Type: | Journal: Biomedical engineering online | Year: 2015
Bone substation grafts, such as hydroxyapatite (HA) and tricalciumphosphate (TCP), have been extensively used in clinical applications, but evidence suggests that they offer poor osteoinductive properties compared to allografts and autografts. In order to increase bone growth with such grafts, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 (BMP-2) was incorporated into a three dimensional reservoir. The purpose of the present study was to develop a novel drug delivery system which is capable of controlled release of BMP-2.DBB were prepared from bovine cancellous bone harvested from fetal bovine femur or tibia and then sinting at 1000C. BMP-2-loaded chitosan (CS) microspheres were fabricated by cross-linking. Then the treated DBB powders were blended with chitosan microspheres solution. Finally, the composites were lyophilized with a freeze dryer to obtain the DBB/CMs scaffolds. X-ray diffractor (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) were used to characterize the sample. The quantification of the delivery profile of BMP-2 was determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The in vitro assays were to characterize the biocompatibility of this composite.In this study, BMP-2/Chitosan (CS) microspheres were successively loaded onto a deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) scaffold. The release profile of BMP-2 indicated an initial burst release followed by a more even sustained release. An in vitro bioactivity assay revealed that the encapsulated growth factor was biologically active.The cell culture assay suggest that the excellent biocompatibility of the DBB- BMP-2/CS. Therefore, this novel microsphere scaffold system can be effectively used in current tissue engineering applications.