Shortall R.,University of Iceland |
Davidsdottir B.,University of Iceland |
Axelsson G.,National Energy Authority Iceland
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015
Sustainable development calls for the use of sustainable energy systems. However, the way in which a geothermal resource is utilized will ultimately determine whether or not the utilization is sustainable. Energy usage is set to increase worldwide, and geothermal energy usage for both electricity generation and heating will also increase significantly. The world's geothermal resources will need to be used in a sustainable manner. The sustainable utilization of geothermal energy means that it is produced and used in a way that is compatible with the well-being of future generations and the environment. This paper provides a literature review of the linkages between geothermal energy developments for electricity generation and sustainable development, as well as a review of currently available sustainability assessment frameworks. Significant impacts occur as a result of geothermal energy projects for electricity generation and these impacts may be positive or negative. The need for correct management of such impacts through a customized sustainability assessment framework is identified and the foundation for sustainability assessment framework for geothermal energy development is built in this paper. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.