National Economics University
Hanoi, Vietnam

National Economics University is a highly reputed university in Hanoi, Vietnam. NEU has diversified training programs at the Bachelor's, Master's and PhD levels in 8 different majors of economics, management and business administration along with 45 different minors. The first rector of NEU was Prime Minister of Vietnam, Phạm Văn Đồng. Many students of NEU are people in high positions in Vietnam government and successful entrepreneurs. Wikipedia.

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Geraskin M.,National Economics University
Kybernetes | Year: 2017

Purpose: This paper aims to consider the problem of determining the equilibriums on oligopoly market in case of Stackelberg leader (leaders) and reflexive behavior of market agents. Design/methodology/approach: This paper includes economic and mathematical modeling, optimization methods and game theory. Findings: This paper explains models of reflexive games on oligopoly market, taking into account the diversity of agents’ reasoning about strategies of environing and equilibrium mechanisms for coincidence or opposition of agents’ reflexive reasoning on the same rank of reflection. Research limitations/implications: This paper considers the oligopoly market with linear function of demand and costs of agents, the rational behavior of agents and the reflexive reasoning on the same rank of reflection. The set of agents’ reasoning about the environing strategies is considered as a set of market states for which the problem of agent’s optimal action choosing solves with the complete awareness. Practical implications: Identification of reflexive behavior of environing allows agents to increase their market shares and profit. Social implications: Oligopoly markets play a leading role in the world oil trade and reflexive behavior affects the market equilibrium. Originality/value: In the paper, the mechanisms of equilibrium in reflexive games on the linear duopoly market for arbitrary rank reflection are developed. © 2017, © Emerald Publishing Limited.

Vu L.,National Economics University | Glewwe P.,University of Minnesota
Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics | Year: 2011

In 2007 and 2008, international prices of rice and other grains sharply increased, raising fears that poor households in developing countries would become poorer. Yet, these fears often ignored that many of these poor households were food producers. This study examines the impact of rising food prices on welfare in Vietnam. Our results show that, overall, higher food prices raised the average Vietnamese household's welfare. However, higher food prices made most households worse off. Average welfare was found to increase because the average welfare loss of households whose welfare declined (net purchasers) was smaller than the average welfare gain of those whose welfare increased (net sellers).Copyright 2011 Western Agricultural Economics Association.

Gundersen C.,National Economics University
Future of Children | Year: 2015

Food assistance programs — including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, or food stamps), the National School Lunch Program, and the School Breakfast Program — have been remarkably successful at their core mission: reducing food insecurity among low-income children. Moreover, writes Craig Gundersen, SNAP in particular has also been shown to reduce poverty, improve birth outcomes and children’s health generally, and increase survival among low-weight infants. Thus these programs are a crucial component of the United States’ social safety net for health. Recent years have seen proposals to alter these programs to achieve additional goals, such as reducing childhood obesity. Two popular ideas are to restrict what recipients can purchase with SNAP benefits and to change the composition of school meals, in an effort to change eating patterns. Gundersen shows that these proposed changes are unlikely to reduce childhood obesity yet are likely to have the unintended effect of damaging the programs’ core mission by reducing participation and thus increasing food insecurity among children. On the other hand, Gundersen writes, policy makers could contemplate certain changes that would make food assistance programs even more effective. For example, lawmakers could revisit the SNAP benefit formula, which hasn’t changed for decades, to make certain that aid is going to those who need it most. Similarly, the School Breakfast Program could be expanded to cover more children, and summer meal programs could reach more children when school isn’t in session. © 2015 by The Trustees of Princeton University.

Corona-Trevino L.,National Economics University
Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology | Year: 2015

There is a growing economic role of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS), as they have become engines of economic growth and high quality job creation. However, Mexico has focused mainly on technological innovation, disregarding service innovation and its relationship to technology infrastructure. In the first section of this paper, at national level, an international comparison is made between Mexico and the USA in terms of employment, value added and productivity including the knowledge and technology intensive sectors. For this purpose, national data is aggregated in two sets: goods and services. Services are divided into traditional, intensive knowledge and innovation centered. We divide goods into manufacturing, which comprises low, medium and high technology and the remaining goods sectors, mining and construction, are included in low tech industries while agriculture is dealt with separately. The second part of the paper is a micro level study, surveying thirty five firms identified as KIBS, in order to make a preliminary characterization and look at the types of innovation they are involved in. There is a need for an innovation policy that includes services at macro level considering Mexican's relatively weak economic structure in high technology goods and innovative and knowledge service sectors. © 2014 Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology.

Yu V.F.,National Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Dat L.Q.,National Economics University
Applied Soft Computing Journal | Year: 2014

Ranking fuzzy numbers is a very important decision-making procedure in decision analysis and applications. The last few decades have seen a large number of approaches investigated for ranking fuzzy numbers, yet some of these approaches are non-intuitive and inconsistent. In 1992, Liou and Wang proposed an approach to rank fuzzy number based a convex combination of the right and the left integral values through an index of optimism. Despite its merits, some shortcomings associated with Liou and Wang's approach include: (i) it cannot differentiate normal and non-normal fuzzy numbers, (ii) it cannot rank effectively the fuzzy numbers that have a compensation of areas, (iii) when the left or right integral values of the fuzzy numbers are zero, the index of optimism has no effect in either the left integral value or the right integral value of the fuzzy number, and (iv) it cannot rank consistently the fuzzy numbers and their images. This paper proposes a revised ranking approach to overcome the shortcomings of Liou and Wang's ranking approach. The proposed ranking approach presents the novel left, right, and total integral values of the fuzzy numbers. The median value ranking approach is further applied to differentiate fuzzy numbers that have the compensation of areas. Finally, several comparative examples and an application for market segment evaluation are given herein to demonstrate the usages and advantages of the proposed ranking method for fuzzy numbers. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Tewathia N.,National Economics University
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2014

Electricity has attained a very important place in every household on this planet. It is a major contributor towards improvement of the standard of living of any individual, family and society at large. This paper aims to find out the monthly average household electricity consumption and seasonal variations in this consumption for the months of summer, winter and moderate weather for Delhi. The factors which influence the electricity consumption of a household have been examined by using a questionnaire based study of 395 Delhi households selected via stratified random sampling technique. Multiple regression models have been run to describe the pattern of household electricity consumption. The results from the study show that the stock of appliances in a household contributes the most to the variation in the dependent variable. An inverted U-shaped non-linear Temperature-Electricity Curve has been derived from the primary data used in the study.

Vu T.A.,National Economics University
World Patent Information | Year: 2012

The aim of this paper is to describe the patent systems of fast developing ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) and understand the factors that drive the demand for patents in these countries. Patent systems in these countries have now been strengthened to a large extent, the number of patent applications has increased substantially, although at a very different pace across countries. The policy features that seem to be associated with a strong increase in demand for patents are: i) policies aiming at attracting FDI; ii) low relative costs (or fees); and iii) a relatively low quality of the examination processes. The significant differences in the patent systems of these fast developing countries echo to some extent the differences observed between the patent systems in Europe, the USA and Japan. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Bizoza A.R.,National Economics University
Land Degradation and Development | Year: 2014

This paper investigates the adoption of bench terraces by applying a three-stage analysis using data from 301 households in the highlands of Rwanda. Ongoing adoption of bench terraces is 'unpacked' to consider both adopters willing to retain and increase the intensity of using terraces already constructed and new adopters willing to develop new bench terraces. Results suggest that farmers' inability to maintain existing terraces may explain the reluctance to adopt new terraces. The same inability explains why some of the terraces constructed earlier are not well maintained and fully used by farmers in northern and southern Rwanda. Policy actions aimed at improving farmer's capacity to invest in complementary inputs will sustain future generations of soil and water conservation measures in Rwanda. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Van den Berg M.,Wageningen University | Cuong N.V.,National Economics University
Development Policy Review | Year: 2011

This article investigates the extent to which public and private transfers affected poverty and inequality in Vietnam in the mid-2000s. It finds that the impact of public transfers on poverty was negligible, due to the low coverage of the poor and the relatively small amounts transferred. Moreover, the effect of the receipt of transfers on expenditures was small: recipients decreased the labour supply and only a limited amount of the extra income went to current consumption. Domestic private transfers were somewhat more successful in reducing poverty. With most public and private transfers going to non-poor households, inequality was only marginally affected. © The Authors 2011. Development Policy Review © 2011 Overseas Development Institute..

Vargas-Amelin E.,National Economics University | Vargas-Amelin E.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Journal of Hydrology | Year: 2014

Climate change effects are becoming evident worldwide, but some water scarce regions present higher vulnerability. Spain, located in the Mediterranean region, is expected for instance to be highly vulnerable given its unbalanced distribution between water resources availability and existing demands. This article presents an introduction to the main threats of climate change mainly on water resources, but it also assesses effects in interlinked areas such as agriculture, soil and land management. Contents focus on measures and initiatives promoted by the central government and address efforts to establish multi-sectoral coordinating bodies, specific adaptation plans and measures for the different sectors. The article highlights some political aspects, such as the complexity of involved competent authorities in water and land management, the need to strengthen public participation and the conflicts arising from the defence of regional interests. It also makes a link to current EU policies; summarises foreseeable problems derived from climate change effects, and provides some recommendations in the different areas covered. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

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