Kaduna, Nigeria
Kaduna, Nigeria

Time filter

Source Type

Salisu A.,Bayero University | Bakari A.,National Ear Care Center | Abdullahi H.,Bayero University
Annals of African Medicine | Year: 2017

Introduction: Une déficience auditive non détectée chez le personnel de santé pourrait affecter leur capacité à obtenir une pression artérielle (PA) précise avec des conséquences négatives sur les soins aux patients. Le but de cet article était de déterminer l'impact de l'audition de l'opérateur sur la mesure manuelle de la pression artérielle. Méthodologie: Une étude transversale portant sur 25 patients et 60 personnel de santé composé de 25 médecins (groupe 1), 25 infirmières (groupe 2) et 10 10 personnes qualifiées sélectionnées ayant une audition normale formé (groupe 3). Personnel du groupe 3 on mesurée le PA de chaque patient, ce qui a été jugé exact. Après une formation préliminaire sur la technique de mesure de la PA, une personne Des groupes 1 et 2 ont mesuré la PA d'un patient en utilisant la technique d'auscultation manuelle et ont ensuite procédé à un dépistage du ton pur Audiométrie (PTA) avec le seuil de la meilleure oreille auditive enregistrée. Résultats: La majorité du personnel avait une audition normale (PTA ≤25 dB), 22% Avait un seuil d'audition> 25 dB au dépistage, avec une perte auditive débilitante notée chez une seule personne (2%). Il y avait un accord complet dans les mesures entre les participants ayant un seuil auditif ≤25 dB et le groupe témoin, mais chez les participants dont le seuil est> 25 dB, 100% Ont enregistré une PA diastolique inexacte et 64% ont enregistré une PA systolique inexacte avec tendance à sous-estimer la tension systolique et à surestimer la tension diastolique. Conclusion: La déficience auditive n'est pas rare chez le personnel de santé, ce qui entraîne des enregistrements inexacts de la PA. Les audiogrammes doivent être obtenu chaque fois que le personnel de santé remarque des différences fréquentes dans la mesure de la PA par rapport aux collègues. Formation sur la mesure de la PA a permis une mesure précise de la pression artérielle par tous les participants normaux de l'audition. Résumé Introduction: Undetected hearing impairment among health personnel could affect their ability to obtain accurate blood pressure (BP) measurements with consequent negative impact on patient care. The aim of this paper was to determine the impact of operator hearing threshold on manual BP measurement. Methodology: A cross-sectional study involving 25 patients and 60 health personnel consisting of 25 doctors (Group 1), 25 nurses (Group 2), and 10 specially selected, normal hearing and trained control group (Group 3). Group 3 personnel measured BP of each patient and this was considered accurate. After preliminary training on BP measurement technique, one person each from Groups 1 and 2 measured BP of a patient using manual auscultation technique and then proceeded to have a screening pure tone audiogram (PTA) with threshold of the best hearing ear recorded. Results: Majority of personnel had normal hearing (PTA ≤25 dB), 22% had hearing threshold >25 dB on screening, with debilitating hearing loss noted in one person (2%). There was a complete agreement in BP measurements between participants with hearing threshold ≤25 dB and the control group, but in participants with threshold >25 dB, 100% recorded inaccurate diastolic BP and 64% recorded inaccurate systolic BP with tendency to underestimate systolic and overestimate diastolic BP. Conclusion: Hearing impairment is not uncommon among health personnel, resulting in inaccurate BP recordings. Audiograms should be obtained whenever health personnel notice frequent differences in measured BP compared to colleagues. Training on BP measurement technique resulted in accurate BP measurement by all normal hearing participants. © 2017 Annals of African Medicine Published by Wolters Kluwer Medknow.


Suleiman A.O.,Federal Medical Center | Suleiman M.R.,Federal Medical Center | Mustapha A.Y.,General Hospital | Afolabi O.A.,University Of Ilorin | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2014

Objective: To report the commencement of cochlear implantation (CI) in children in Northern Nigeria and review the challenges encountered with a view to establishing CI programme. Cases: Two children with post-meningitic sensorineural hearing loss had standard pre-implantation assessment and cochlear implantation surgery in Nigeria in conjunction with surgeons from another developing country. Post-implantation meningitis was encountered and managed in one of the patients. Post-CI rehabilitation started in a foreign country and continued in our centre after training of our speech therapist. Both patients had improvement in their hearing. Conclusion: These showcase successful CI in patients from Sub-Saharan Africa, the challenges included need for development of surgical and post-CI rehabilitation personnel and affordability of the cost of the implant. The support of all the stakeholders needed for commencement of a CI programme was noted. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


PubMed | Dip AVT Speech Therapy Unit, Federal Medical Center, University Of Ilorin, General Hospital and 2 more.
Type: Case Reports | Journal: International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology | Year: 2014

To report the commencement of cochlear implantation (CI) in children in Northern Nigeria and review the challenges encountered with a view to establishing CI programme.Two children with post-meningitic sensorineural hearing loss had standard pre-implantation assessment and cochlear implantation surgery in Nigeria in conjunction with surgeons from another developing country. Post-implantation meningitis was encountered and managed in one of the patients. Post-CI rehabilitation started in a foreign country and continued in our centre after training of our speech therapist. Both patients had improvement in their hearing.These showcase successful CI in patients from Sub-Saharan Africa, the challenges included need for development of surgical and post-CI rehabilitation personnel and affordability of the cost of the implant. The support of all the stakeholders needed for commencement of a CI programme was noted.


Adoga A.A.,National Ear Care Center
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2011

The most frequently isolated organism in chronic suppurative otitis media from different parts of the world is Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The pattern from this bacteriological study from our region is different. This study was carried out on 97 patients presenting to the outpatient clinic of the National Ear Care Center, Kaduna. Nigeria from May 2008 to April 2009. The patients were aged between 1 year and 75 years comprising 50) males and 47 females giving a male to female ratio of 1:1. Most of the patients (n=40, 41.2%) were in the age group 1-10) years. Seventy-five (77.3%) patients had a positive culture while in 22 (22.7%) patients there was no growth. Gram-negative bacteria comprised 80% of the isolates. The predominant organisms cultured were Klebsiella sp (n=31, 41.3%), Escherichia coli (n=22, 29.3%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=6, 8%). The gram-positive isolates were Streptococcus sp (n=8, 10.8%) and Staphylococcus aureus (n=7, 9.3%). In-vitro drug sensitivity pattern of all isolates shows that they were more sensitive to Ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and Perfloxacin. Klebsiella sp. Escherichia coli and Streptococcus sp. are the leading pathogenic organisms in chronic suppurative otitis media in our region and their ensitivity rates are highest to the quinolone antibiotics, which are relatively cheap, readily available as ototopic agents and lack ototoxic effects.


Bakari A.,National Ear Care Center | Afolabi O.A.,National Ear Care Center | Adoga A.A.,National Ear Care Center | Kodiya A.M.,National Ear Care Center | Ahmad B.M.,National Ear Care Center
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2010

Background. The presence of a mass in the nose and paranasal sinuses may seem to be a simple problem; however it raises many questions about the differential diagnosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinico-pathological profile of sinonasal masses in our environment. This is a retrospective analytical review of all the patients with sinonasal masses that presented to the national ear care center, Kaduna over a six year (2003-2008) period. Their biodata, clinical profile and histological diagnoses were analyzed. Findings. A total of 76 patients were analyzed, age range 5 to 64 yrs with a mean age of 33.3 yr median and modal age of 35.00 (SD = 13.1 1.5). Majority of the patients were in the age groups 21-50 yrs. There were 34 male and 42 female with M: F ratio of 1:1.2. The main presenting symptoms are nasal blockage 97.4% and rhinorrhea 94.7%. It was bilateral in 34 (44.7%), left side in 24(31.6%) and right side in 18(23.7%) patients. The commonest clinical diagnoses were simple nasal polyp 47(61.8%) and antrochoanal polyp 10(13.2%). About 59 (77.6%) were benign, 2 (2.6%) were malignant and 15 (19.7%) were lost to follow up. The commonest histological diagnosis is simple inflammatory nasal polyp in 28 (36.8%) patients and the least was nasal capillary hemangioma 2 (2.6%). About 55(72.4%) patients had surgical treatment. Conclusions. Nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea are the commonest symptoms of presentation, simple inflammatory nasal polyp is still the commonest histological pattern seen in our environment, and surgery is still the best modality of treatment for benign tumor thus the need for advocacy for early recognition and referral to the ENT surgeon. © 2010 Afolabi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Kokong D.D.,University of Jos | Bakari A.,Ahmadu Bello University | Ahmad B.M.,National Ear Care Center
Ear, Nose and Throat Journal | Year: 2014

No therapy is currently available to reverse the serious damage that can be caused by ototoxic drugs, such as permanent hearing loss and balance disorders. Otolaryngologists in various regions of the world have developed strategies aimed at curtailing drug-induced ototoxicity, but similar efforts in most developing nations have yet to be well established. We conducted a study to document our experience in Nigeria. Our study population was made up of 156 patients-66 males and 90 females, aged 5 to 85 years (mean: 32.1 ± 30.7)-who were diagnosed with drug-induced ototoxicity over a 3-year period. Tinnitus was the first and the predominant symptom in 140 patients (89.7%). The most common cause of drug-induced ototoxicity among the 156 patients was injection of an unknown agent (n = 55 [35.3%]); among the known agents, the most common were chloramphenicol (n = 25 [16.0%]), chloroquine (n = 22 [14.1%]), and gentamicin (n = 20 [12.8%]). One pregnant woman experienced a miscarriage at 4 months after receiving intramuscular chloroquine, and another woman fell into a coma after receiving intramuscular streptomycin. Two agents that have not been linked to ototoxicity-oxytocin and thiopentone sodium-were found to be ototoxic in our study (1 case each). Of the 312 ears, 31 (9.9%) showed normal audiometric patterns; on the other end of the spectrum, 155 ears (49.7%) had profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Mixed hearing loss was seen in 90 ears (28.8%). Hearing loss was bilaterally symmetrical in 127 patients (81.4%), bilaterally asymmetrical in 15 patients (9.6%), and unilateral in 14 patients (9.0%). Treatment was primarily medical; hearing aids were fitted for 7 patients (4.5%). Only 41 patients (26.3%) kept as many as 3 scheduled follow-up appointments. Ototoxicity remains prevalent in the developing countries of Africa. Numerous drugs and other agents are responsible, and management outcomes are difficult to ascertain. Thus, our emphasis must be placed on prevention if we are to minimize the potentially devastating effects of ototoxicity. © 2015 Vendome Group, LLC.


Kodiya A.M.,National Ear Care Center | Labaran A.S.,National Ear Care Center | Musa E.,National Ear Care Center | Mohammed G.M.,National Ear Care Center | Ahmad B.M.,National Ear Care Center
African Health Sciences | Year: 2012

Background: Epistaxis is defined as a hemorrhage from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Sufferers and clinicians may develop significant anxiety despite the fact that majority of patients are treated successfully by the first attending physician. Objective: To review aetiology and management outcomes of epistaxis in a resource constrained setting. Methodology: A retrospective review of 101 patients seen with epistaxis at the National Ear Care Centre, Kaduna over 7years (January 2002- December 2008). Results: The age of patients ranged between 2 and 75years. The incidence of epistaxis of 0.5% was recorded out of total patient visit and slight male preponderance with a male:female ratio of 1.4:1. Dry-hot and cold harmattan weather had the highest prevalence. Trauma and infections were the main aetiological factors identified but over 40% of cases are idiopathic in origin. About 25% presented with active bleeding and 11% required admission. All were managed conservatively. Less than 2% received blood transfusion. Conclusion: Epistaxis is a common emergency that requires prompt intervention to reduce further morbidity and prevent mortality. Non operative intervention was a satisfactory approach in this study.


Kodiya A.M.,University Of Maiduguri | Afolabi O.A.,University Of Ilorin | Ahmad B.M.,National Ear Care Center
Ear, Nose and Throat Journal | Year: 2012

Hearing loss among people in developing countries has been recognized as a major source of disability. Many of its causes are preventable, and others are curable. We reviewed the records of 5,485 patients who had presented during a 4-year period to the National Ear Care Centre in Kaduna, Nigeria. Of these, we identified 1,435 patients-812 males and 623 females, aged 9 months to 90 years (mean: 29.2 yr)-who had been diagnosed with hearing loss (26.2%). In addition to demographic data, we compiled information on each patient's type and degree of hearing loss, the affected side, and the predisposing factors. Sex and age cross-tabulations revealed that the greatest proportion of hearing loss according to sex occurred between the ages of 11 and 20 years for males and 21 and 30 years for females. The most common type of hearing loss was sensorineural, which was seen in 78.9% of patients; conductive hearing loss was seen in 17.7% and mixed in 3.4%. More than three-quarters of hearing losses were either moderate, moderately severe, or severe. Bilateral losses were far more common than unilateral losses; among the latter, the left side was affected slightly more often than the right. Predisposing factors were not documented in the vast majority of cases (87.6%), but when they were, the most common were chronic suppurative otitis media, meningitis, febrile convulsion, measles, and trauma. We present these findings to highlight the burden of hearing loss in our part of the world. © 2012 Vendome Group, LLC.


PubMed | National Ear Care Center
Type: | Journal: The Pan African medical journal | Year: 2015

Otitis externa (OE) is an inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal (EAC), the auricle, or both this condition has been reported to be found in all age groups. The aims and objectives were, study/determine the prevalence of Otitis externa in the specialist otolaryngology clinic in National Ear Care Center Kaduna, study the pattern of presentation among patients with otitis externa in the specialist otolaryngology clinic in National Ear Care Center Kaduna, and evaluate the choice of drug treatment for otitis externa in the specialist otolaryngology clinic in National Ear Care Center Kaduna.Data of patients diagnosed with otitis externa between January 2009 and March 2013 were extracted from the recorded cases of ear disease seen within the same period. The ages, sex/ gender, complains(symptoms), duration of symptoms, clinical examination findings, diagnosis, mode of drug treatment, number of visits and complication records were extracted from the case notes of the patients and analyzed descriptively using SPSS (Statistical package for Social Sciences) version.Out of 13,328 cases of ear diseases seen within the period under review, 133 cases were diagnosed with otitis externa across all age groups. Hospital prevalence stands at 1.0%. There were 81(60.9%) males and 52(39.1%) females in ratio 1.5:1. Children age 0-15 constitute 55(41.3%) while young adults and adults were 78(58.6%). The minimum age at presentation was one year, while maximum age was 64 years. Mean age was 24 years with a standard deviation of 1.12 Years. Ear pain as only presenting symptom was the major complain found in this study accounting for 68(51.1%). Acute diffuse otitis externa was the commonest diagnosis accounting for 101(75.9%) and associated clinical findings ranging from tragal tenderness, hyperaemia and oedema of ear canal in 57 (54.9%). Ear swab was not routinely done and only 6(15.8%) of the discharging ears had microscopy done and the organisms were Pseudomonas spp and klebsiella. Empirical treatment was the commonest treatment modality and about 91% of the patients had complete symptom resolution by second visit. Complication was observed in only one case of necrotizing otitis externa who was retro-viral positive.Otitis externa accounted for small fraction of cases seen in our clinic (1%). Acute diffuse otitis externa is the commonest diagnosis made with symptoms ranging from ear pain, ear discharge, hearing loss and itchiness. Most patients were treated empirically with significant success within first two visits. No major complication was recorded within the period under study.


PubMed | National Ear Care Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: African health sciences | Year: 2013

Epistaxis is defined as a hemorrhage from the nostril, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Sufferers and clinicians may develop significant anxiety despite the fact that majority of patients are treated successfully by the first attending physician.To review aetiology and management outcomes of epistaxis in a resource constrained setting.A retrospective review of 101 patients seen with epistaxis at the National Ear Care Centre, Kaduna over 7 years (January 2002- December 2008).The age of patients ranged between 2 and 75 years. The incidence of epistaxis of 0.5% was recorded out of total patient visit and slight male preponderance with a male:female ratio of 1.4:1. Dry-hot and cold harmattan weather had the highest prevalence. Trauma and infections were the main aetiological factors identified but over 40% of cases are idiopathic in origin. About 25% presented with active bleeding and 11% required admission. All were managed conservatively. Less than 2% received blood transfusion.Epistaxis is a common emergency that requires prompt intervention to reduce further morbidity and prevent mortality. Non operative intervention was a satisfactory approach in this study.

Loading National Ear Care Center collaborators
Loading National Ear Care Center collaborators