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Livadas S.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Voutetakis A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Bourhis J.-C.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Maratou E.,Hellenic National Diabetes Center | And 8 more authors.
Pediatric Transplantation | Year: 2012

Hyperinsulinemia with or without DM2 is a frequent long-term sequela of BMT, especially following cGvHD. In this report, an extensive evaluation of a patient with cGvHD is described: glucose and insulin during OGTT, markers of inflammation, adiponectin and RBP4, body composition analysis, and the kinetics of GLUT3 and GLUT4 in circulating monocytes were evaluated. Hyperinsulinemia, associated with partial lipodystrophy, elevated RBP4, low adiponectin levels, and decreased expression of GLUT3 and GLUT4 were detected. The defects disclosed in this particular patient possibly explain, at least in part, the mechanisms underlying insulin resistance in patients undergoing BMT. It is not clear whether insulin resistance was caused by the drugs, the process itself, or the residual damage to the muscles and/or adipose tissue. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Fousteris E.,Tzanio General Hospital of Piraeus | Melidonis A.,Tzanio General Hospital of Piraeus | Panoutsopoulos G.,University of Peloponnese | Tzirogiannis K.,Tzanio General Hospital of Piraeus | And 9 more authors.
Cardiovascular Diabetology | Year: 2011

Background: Soluble ST2, a member of the of the Toll/IL-1 superfamily, is a novel biomarker with exceptional predictive value in heart failure and myocardial infarction- related mortality as well as in acute dyspneic states. Soluble ST2 is considered a decoy receptor of IL 33 that blocks the protective effects of the cytokine in atherosclerosis and cardiac remodeling. In the present study we investigated the differences in the levels of soluble ST2, BNP and hs-CRP between healthy controls and patients with type 2 diabetes with and without left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. A secondary aim was to investigate correlations between sST2 and other biomarkers of type 2 diabetes, such as HbA1c.Methods: 158 volunteers were recruited and underwent a complete Doppler-echocardiographic evaluation of both systolic & diastolic cardiac function. All subjects with ejection fraction < 50% were excluded. The study population was divided in 4 groups as follows: A: 42 healthy controls, B: 18 subjects without diabetes with LVDD, C: 48 patients with type 2 diabetes without LVDD & D: 50 patients with type 2 diabetes & LVDD. ELISA technique was performed to measure sST2 levels. Statistical analysis was performed with Kruskal-Wallis & Mann-Whitney test (continuous variables), chi squared & Fischer exact test (discrete variables), Spearman coefficient (univariate analysis) and step-wise backward method (multivariate analysis).Results: Patients with type 2 diabetes with (p < 0.001) or without LVDD (p = 0.007) had higher serum ST2 levels compared to healthy controls, state found also for hs-CRP levels but not for the corresponding BNP levels (p = 0.213 & p = 0.207 respectively). Patients with type 2 diabetes & LVDD had higher serum ST2 in relation to diabetic patients without LVDD (p = 0.001). In multivariate analysis HbA1c positively and independently correlated with sST2 levels in both groups of patients with type 2 diabetes.Conclusions: Patients with type 2 diabetes exhibit higher sST2 levels compared to healthy controls. The presence of LVDD in patients with type 2 diabetes is associated with even higher sST2 levels. A significant correlation between glycemic control and sST2 levels was also revealed. © 2011 Fousteris et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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