Barik D.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Arokiasamy P.,International Institute for Population Sciences
Frontiers in Public Health | Year: 2016
With ongoing demographic transition, epidemiological transition has been emerged as a growing concern in India. The share of non-communicable disease in total disease burden has increased from 31% in 1990 to 45% in 2010. This paper seeks to explore the health scenario of India in the wake of the growing pace of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and hypertension among Indian population using data from health and morbidity survey of the National Sample Survey Organisation (2004) and notifies about the resource needed to tackle this growing health risk. Given the share of private players (70%) in Indian health system, results indicate a higher private expenditure, mostly out-of-pocket expense, on account of non-communicable diseases. A timely look into the matter may tackle a more dreadful situation in near future. © 2016 Barik and Arokiasamy.
Aggarwal A.,National Council of Applied Economic Research
Innovative Institutions, Public Policies and Private Strategies for Agro-Enterprise Development | Year: 2014
This study evaluates the performance of food processing clusters and their role in the development strategy of the food processing industry in India. We focus on two major cluster development initiatives of the Government of India: one, a food park scheme of the Ministry of Food Processing, and two, a special economic zone (SEZ) policy of the Ministry of Commerce. While analyzing the performance of these initiatives, the study adopts a comprehensive framework which covers not only the quantitative measures of investment, employment, and production but also qualitative indicators such as dynamism of the parks and backward and forward linkages with the rest of the economy, regional economy and cluster-induced benefits. The analysis is based on interviews with chief executive officers of the selected parks, officials of the Ministry of Food Processing and developers of selected parks and SEZs. It is complemented by secondary data based analysis. The study shows that overall the schemes have failed to generate critical mass of economic activity and their achievements have been unimpressive, apart from a few exceptions. It concludes that implementing successful, large-scale industrialization programs involving private participation requires of policymakers a long-term vision, strong commitment, a pragmatic and flexible approach, and dynamic learning and institution building. © FAO, 2015.
News Article | November 22, 2016
Growing demand for designer jewelry, favourable government policies, rising disposable income along with formation of free zones to drive India gems and jewelry market through 2021 According to a recently released TechSci Research report, "India Gems and Jewelry Market By Product Type, By Point of Sale, By Organized vs. Unorganized, Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2011-2021", gems and jewelry market in India is projected to grow at a CAGR of 11.26%, during 2016-2021 on account of growing presence of international and domestic players, significant decline in jewelry making charges, increasing westernization and aggressive marketing strategies adopted by various players in the country.Changing lifestyle preferences has led to increase in brand consciousness and inclination of consumers towards western brands, which in turn resulted in increased demand for exclusive designer jewelry, across the country. According to National Council of Applied Economic Research, in 2015, the number of middle class households in India was 53.3 million and the same is expected to reach to 113.8 million by 2025. Moreover, according to Central Intelligence Agency, India median age by gender in 2016 is 27.6 years, with that of males standing at 26.9 years and that of females at 28.3 years. India's young population comprises more than 50% of the country's total population, which is one of the primary reasons to which increase in demand for designer jewelry can be attributed. Increase in personal disposable income and rising standard of living in urban areas, has shifted the mindset of consumers from saving to consumption and led to increased spending on lifestyle. Browse 24 market data Tables and 45 Figures spread through 142 Pages and an in-depth TOC on "India Gems and Jewelry Market". South India is emerging as the fastest demand generator for gems and jewelry in India and the region is expected to continue its dominance during the forecast period as well, on the back of increasing disposable income of consumers coupled with continuous launch of innovative and imported products, in conjugation with increasing exposure of consumers to western culture. Moreover, the region houses most of the leading market players having multiple exclusive showrooms & multi-brand retail outlets, that cater to the growing demand for gems and jewelry. India gems and jewelry market comprises gold, diamond in gold, silver, gemstones, diamonds, and other jewelry made of precious metals such as platinum, palladium and pearls. Among all, market for gold jewelry accounted for the highest revenue share in 2015, and is anticipated to continue its dominance during the forecast period, as all leading market players are offering jewelry keeping in mind the altering consumer preferences, latest fashion trends, growing interest of youth in exclusive jewelry designs. Customers can also request for 10% free customization on this report. "Gems and jewelry market is surging in India at a significant pace. Demand for processed gems and jewelry from India has settled across the globe and served as an impetus to development of gems and jewelry industry in recent years. Growing purchasing power, rapid urbanization and rising young population coupled with changing consumer preferences and inclination towards innovative products has increased the demand for different types of jewelry such as diamond in gold jewelry and platinum jewelry, across India. These developments are, in turn, expected to drive the market for gems and jewelryin India," said Mr. Karan Chechi, Research Director with TechSci Research, a research based global management consulting firm. "India Gems and Jewelry Market By Product Type, By Point of Sale, By Organized vs. Unorganized, Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2011-2021" has evaluated the future growth potential of India gems and jewelry market and provides statistics and information on market structure, size, share and future growth. The report intends to provide cutting-edge market intelligence and help decision makers to take sound investment evaluation. Besides, the report also identifies and analyzes the emerging trends along with essential drivers, challenges and opportunities present in India gems and jewelry market. UAE Gems and Jewelry Market By Type (Gold, Diamond in Gold, Gemstones, Diamond, etc.), By Point of Sale (Exclusive Showrooms, Multi Branded Jewellery, Showrooms, etc.), By Organized vs Unorganized, Competition Forecast & Opportunities, 2011 - 2021 India Kids Apparel Market By Category (Denims, T-Shirts/Shirts, etc.), By Season (Winter, Summer, etc.), By Point of Sale (Exclusive Stores, etc.), By Organized Vs Unorganized, By Cloth Material Competition Forecast and Opportunities, 2011-2021 TechSci Research is a leading global market research firm publishing premium market research reports. Serving 700 global clients with more than 600 premium market research studies, TechSci Research is serving clients across 11 different industrial verticals. TechSci Research specializes in research based consulting assignments in high growth and emerging markets, leading technologies and niche applications. Our workforce of more than 100 fulltime Analysts and Consultants employing innovative research solutions and tracking global and country specific high growth markets helps TechSci clients to lead rather than follow market trends. Contact Mr. Ken Mathews 708 Third Avenue, Manhattan, NY, New York - 10017 Tel: +1-646-360-1656 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Connect with us on Twitter - https://twitter.com/TechSciResearch Connect with us on LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/techsci-research
Tandon A.,Jamia Millia Islamia University |
Tandon A.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Ahmed S.,Jamia Millia Islamia University
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2016
This paper is an attempt to analyze changing energy intensities in the Indian economy. The hybrid input-output model at constant prices has been used to address the problem of homogenous pricing of energy inputs across sectors of the economy. Results reveal that the indirect rather than direct energy use is an important source of energy consumption. In such scenario, conservation measures should be pegged in upstream suppliers through technological improvements, fuel substitution or input replacements. Finally, the paper argues that improvements in energy efficiency in the production chains are likely to be more effective than changes within the production process. © 2016, Econjournals. All rights reserved.
Ranger N.,The London School of Economics and Political Science |
Ranger N.,Risk Management Solutions Ltd. |
Hallegatte S.,Risk Management Solutions Ltd. |
Hallegatte S.,National School of Meteorological Studies |
And 11 more authors.
Climatic Change | Year: 2011
Managing risks from extreme events will be a crucial component of climate change adaptation. In this study, we demonstrate an approach to assess future risks and quantify the benefits of adaptation options at a city-scale, with application to flood risk in Mumbai. In 2005, Mumbai experienced unprecedented flooding, causing direct economic damages estimated at almost two billion USD and 500 fatalities. Our findings suggest that by the 2080s, in a SRES A2 scenario, an 'upper bound' climate scenario could see the likelihood of a 2005-like event more than double. We estimate that total losses (direct plus indirect) associated with a 1-in-100 year event could triple compared with current situation (to $690-$1,890 million USD), due to climate change alone. Continued rapid urbanisation could further increase the risk level. The analysis also demonstrates that adaptation could significantly reduce future losses; for example, estimates suggest that by improving the drainage system in Mumbai, losses associated with a 1-in-100 year flood event today could be reduced by as much as 70%.,We show that assessing the indirect costs of extreme events is an important component of an adaptation assessment, both in ensuring the analysis captures the full economic benefits of adaptation and also identifying options that can help to manage indirect risks of disasters. For example, we show that by extending insurance to 100% penetration, the indirect effects of flooding could be almost halved. We conclude that, while this study explores only the upper-bound climate scenario, the risk-assessment core demonstrated in this study could form an important quantitative tool in developing city-scale adaptation strategies. We provide a discussion of sources of uncertainty and risk-based tools could be linked with decision-making approaches to inform adaptation plans that are robust to climate change. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Desai S.,University of Maryland University College |
Desai S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Temsah G.,ICF International
Demography | Year: 2014
Prior research on fundamentalist religious movements has focused attention on the complicated relationship among gender, family, and religion. Using data from a nationally representative survey of 30,000 Hindu and Muslim women, this study compares the daily public and private behaviors of women in India to examine how gender and family norms are shaped in the context of communalized identity politics. Building on the theoretical framework of “doing gender,” we argue that because communal identities are expressed through externally visible behaviors, greater religious differences are expected in external markers of gendered behaviors and family norms. Results indicate that Muslim women are more likely to engage in veiling and less likely to venture outside the home for recreation and employment. However, religious differences are absent when attention is directed at private behaviors, such as household decision-making power, gender segregation within households, and discrimination against daughters. Results underscore the multidimensionality of gender. © 2014, Population Association of America.
Desai S.,University of Maryland College Park |
Desai S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Thorat A.,National Council of Applied Economic Research
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2013
Taking on the argument that malnutrition in India is caused by forces that respond only partially to policy interventions, this article points out that it is important to look at the role of disease conditions - shaped by inadequate water, poor sanitation, and insufficient public health measures - in poor nutrition. Moreover, the relationship between disease and food intake is multiplicative rather than additive, and omission of disease conditions from the discourse biases any arguments made about income, caloric intake and nutrition. A holistic view shows that there is room to hope that the nutritional status of children in India will improve with the right policy emphasis.
Nag S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Reimer J.J.,Oregon State University
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011
We explore whether the U.S. exchange rate could have an influence on cash rental rates for farmland in five U.S. cornbelt states. We find that farmland cash rents have a fairly strong, positive correlation with the U.S. dollar, in terms of its real value relative to major agricultural trading partners. One explanation for the correlation is that a strong dollar lowers the price of key inputs and thus has purchasing power effects. A strong dollar may therefore be associated with higher net returns, and the payment of higher cash rents by farmers. We find support for this hypothesis through a series of econometric models. © 2010 International Association of Agricultural Economists.
Majumdar R.,National Council of Applied Economic Research
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management | Year: 2010
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to focus on contribution of technical efficiency change (TEC) and technological progress (TP) to output growth (OG) and addresses the issue of poor total factor productivity growth of electronics hardware industry during liberalization. Inter-sector differences in productivity have been explained from the perspective of management decision making and their performances. Design/methodology/approach- The analysis is primarily based on 81 electronics hardware firms with incessant operations from 1993 to 2004. The firms have been categorized into four homogenous sub-sectors and the years into two periods. Findings - The industry, in general, emphasized more on TP than TEC as the industry moved to a greater liberalization regime. The industry lacked the efforts to develop indigenous technology. It catered to huge domestic demand by importing technology without proper adaptation leading to poor TEC. Research limitations/implications - The limited database prevented us from exploring the impact of the entry of multi-national companies, foreign direct investment and foreign investments on the productivity of the electronics firms. The inconsistent and missing data on tariff or duty rates for item-wise products further limited their scope. Practical implications - The differences in TEC and TP among sub-sectors has been due to the differences in managerial decision making and management performance which are firm specific in nature. Originality/value - This paper has applied a novel approach of combining two established but independent theories of estimating stochastic production function and then estimating OG as a function of IG, TEC and TP. This paper provides a valuable reference for Indian electronics hardware industry not only in reviewing their efficiency, but also focusing on enhancing their management performance. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
Kumar Biswas P.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Pohit S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research |
Kumar R.,National Council of Applied Economic Research
Energy Policy | Year: 2010
The need for biofuels, particularly liquid ones like ethanol and biodiesel, has been felt by most of the countries and their governments have been trying to promote these fuels. Following in line with global trend, India declared its biofuel policy in which biodiesel, primarily from jatropha, would meet 20% of the diesel demand beginning with 2011-2012. In spite of the efforts made by the state, production of biodiesel, however, has not picked up at all. Doubt arises as to whether the country will be able to meet the target. It is felt that the government policy, particularly regarding land utilization, organizing cultivation of jatropha and pricing of jatropha seeds, needs to be more clear. This paper attempts to make an assessment of the state of India's biofuel programme and to identify the hurdles that policy-maker need to overcome to achieve the goal. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.