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Tandon A.,Jamia Millia Islamia University | Tandon A.,National Council of Applied Economic Research | Ahmed S.,Jamia Millia Islamia University
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy | Year: 2016

This paper is an attempt to analyze changing energy intensities in the Indian economy. The hybrid input-output model at constant prices has been used to address the problem of homogenous pricing of energy inputs across sectors of the economy. Results reveal that the indirect rather than direct energy use is an important source of energy consumption. In such scenario, conservation measures should be pegged in upstream suppliers through technological improvements, fuel substitution or input replacements. Finally, the paper argues that improvements in energy efficiency in the production chains are likely to be more effective than changes within the production process. © 2016, Econjournals. All rights reserved. Source

Majumdar R.,National Council of Applied Economic Research
Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management | Year: 2010

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to focus on contribution of technical efficiency change (TEC) and technological progress (TP) to output growth (OG) and addresses the issue of poor total factor productivity growth of electronics hardware industry during liberalization. Inter-sector differences in productivity have been explained from the perspective of management decision making and their performances. Design/methodology/approach- The analysis is primarily based on 81 electronics hardware firms with incessant operations from 1993 to 2004. The firms have been categorized into four homogenous sub-sectors and the years into two periods. Findings - The industry, in general, emphasized more on TP than TEC as the industry moved to a greater liberalization regime. The industry lacked the efforts to develop indigenous technology. It catered to huge domestic demand by importing technology without proper adaptation leading to poor TEC. Research limitations/implications - The limited database prevented us from exploring the impact of the entry of multi-national companies, foreign direct investment and foreign investments on the productivity of the electronics firms. The inconsistent and missing data on tariff or duty rates for item-wise products further limited their scope. Practical implications - The differences in TEC and TP among sub-sectors has been due to the differences in managerial decision making and management performance which are firm specific in nature. Originality/value - This paper has applied a novel approach of combining two established but independent theories of estimating stochastic production function and then estimating OG as a function of IG, TEC and TP. This paper provides a valuable reference for Indian electronics hardware industry not only in reviewing their efficiency, but also focusing on enhancing their management performance. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Nag S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research | Reimer J.J.,Oregon State University
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011

We explore whether the U.S. exchange rate could have an influence on cash rental rates for farmland in five U.S. cornbelt states. We find that farmland cash rents have a fairly strong, positive correlation with the U.S. dollar, in terms of its real value relative to major agricultural trading partners. One explanation for the correlation is that a strong dollar lowers the price of key inputs and thus has purchasing power effects. A strong dollar may therefore be associated with higher net returns, and the payment of higher cash rents by farmers. We find support for this hypothesis through a series of econometric models. © 2010 International Association of Agricultural Economists. Source

Desai S.,University of Maryland University College | Desai S.,National Council of Applied Economic Research | Temsah G.,ICF International
Demography | Year: 2014

Prior research on fundamentalist religious movements has focused attention on the complicated relationship among gender, family, and religion. Using data from a nationally representative survey of 30,000 Hindu and Muslim women, this study compares the daily public and private behaviors of women in India to examine how gender and family norms are shaped in the context of communalized identity politics. Building on the theoretical framework of “doing gender,” we argue that because communal identities are expressed through externally visible behaviors, greater religious differences are expected in external markers of gendered behaviors and family norms. Results indicate that Muslim women are more likely to engage in veiling and less likely to venture outside the home for recreation and employment. However, religious differences are absent when attention is directed at private behaviors, such as household decision-making power, gender segregation within households, and discrimination against daughters. Results underscore the multidimensionality of gender. © 2014, Population Association of America. Source

Wiedemann P.M.,Karlsruhe Institute of Technology | Schuetz H.,Institute of Neurosciences and Medicine | Boerner F.,University of Alberta | Clauberg M.,University of Tennessee at Knoxville | And 8 more authors.
Risk Analysis | Year: 2013

In the past decade, growing public concern about novel technologies with uncertain potential long-term impacts on the environment and human health has moved risk policies toward a more precautionary approach. Focusing on mobile telephony, the effects of precautionary information on risk perception were analyzed. A pooled multinational experimental study based on a 5 × 2 × 2 factorial design was conducted in nine countries. The first factor refers to whether or not information on different types of precautionary measures was present, the second factor to the framing of the precautionary information, and the third factor to the order in which cell phones and base stations were rated by the study participants. The data analysis on the country level indicates different effects. The main hypothesis that informing about precautionary measures results in increased risk perceptions found only partial support in the data. The effects are weaker, both in terms of the effect size and the frequency of significant effects, across the various precautionary information formats used in the experiment. Nevertheless, our findings do not support the assumption that informing people about implemented precautionary measures will decrease public concerns. © 2013 Society for Risk Analysis. Source

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