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Al-Abbasi T.M.,National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development NCWCD | Al-Farhan A.,King Saud University | Al-Khulaidi A.W.,Agricultural Research and Extension Authority AREA | Hall M.,Center for Middle Eastern Plants | And 3 more authors.
Edinburgh Journal of Botany | Year: 2010

An Important Plant Area programme has been initiated for the Arabian region by the IUCN Arabian Plant Specialist Group. The aim of this programme is to assess hotspots of plant diversity in the region and designate the most important as Important Plant Areas. These assessments are conducted on the basis of specific criteria and this paper presents the criteria which have been adopted for the Arabian Peninsula countries of Saudi Arabia, Oman and Yemen. These Arabian criteria differ from those originally developed for Europe, and so they are presented here in full. This paper also discusses the context of the Important Plant Area programme and its ability to provide a framework for conservation planning. © 2010 Trustees of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Source


Hall M.,Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh | Neale S.,Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh | Al-Abbasi T.M.,National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development NCWCD | Miller A.G.,Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Nordic Journal of Botany | Year: 2010

Mimusops laurifolia (Forssk.) Friis is the largest tree species in the Arabian Peninsula, and a characteristic species of the threatened southwest Arabian valley forest habitat. In order to understand the distribution and conservation status of M. laurifolia, this paper collates the historical records of M. laurifolia and compares them with recent survey data. This comparison highlights that the abundance of M. laurifolia has dramatically declined at sites that were previously considered important for this species. In Arabia, approximately 100 individuals of M. laurifolia remain at eleven localities. From their size, it is likely that many of these are extremely old trees, but there is currently little regeneration. The main threats to this species are the loss of valley forest habitat through overgrazing and road construction, overexploitation of M. laurifolia for wood as well as climate change. Based on these findings, we recommend that M. laurifolia should be classified as Endangered (EN) in the region on the IUCN red list. We recommend some basic conservation measures and identifies an urgent need for further research on the distribution, propagation and restoration of this species. © The Authors. Journal compilation © Nordic Journal of Botany 2010. Source


Llewellyn O.A.,National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development NCWCD | Hall M.,Center for Middle Eastern Plants | Miller A.G.,Center for Middle Eastern Plants | Al-Abbasi T.M.,National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development NCWCD | And 4 more authors.
Edinburgh Journal of Botany | Year: 2010

Jabal Qaraqir in Saudi Arabia is the first site to be assessed for the Important Plant Area (IPA) programme in the Arabian Peninsula. This paper describes the geology, fauna and flora of the Qaraqir site and provides the first botanical checklist of the area. It designates the locality as an IPA due to the quality of the wadi vegetation and the presence of endemic and biogeographically relictual species. As well as assessments, this study also touches on the planning stage of conservation activity. Socio-economic issues and threats to the conservation of Qaraqir are discussed and suggestions for conservation action are provided. © 2010 Trustees of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Source

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