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Dublin, Ireland

National College of Ireland offers full and part-time courses from foundation to degree and postgraduate level. All courses are fully accredited and delivered from the IFSC campus and across a network of regional centres. The college's specialist areas include business, computing, human resource management, accountancy and finance. In 2011, the college celebrated its 60th anniversary. Wikipedia.

Hanly P.A.,National College of Ireland | Sharp L.,National Cancer Registry Ireland
BMC Cancer | Year: 2014

Background: Most measures of the cancer burden take a public health perspective. Cancer also has a significant economic impact on society. To assess this economic burden, we estimated years of potential productive life lost (YPPLL) and costs of lost productivity due to premature cancer-related mortality in Ireland.Methods: All cancers combined and the 10 sites accounting for most deaths in men and in women were considered. To compute YPPLL, deaths in 5-year age-bands between 15 and 64 years were multiplied by average working-life expectancy. Valuation of costs, using the human capital approach, involved multiplying YPPLL by age-and-gender specific gross wages, and adjusting for unemployment and workforce participation. Sensitivity analyses were conducted around retirement age and wage growth, labour force participation, employment and discount rates, and to explore the impact of including household production and caring costs. Costs were expressed in €2009.Results: Total YPPLL was lower in men than women (men = 10,873; women = 12,119). Premature cancer-related mortality costs were higher in men (men: total cost = €332 million, cost/death = €290,172, cost/YPPLL = €30,558; women: total cost = €177 million, cost/death = €159,959, cost/YPPLL = €14,628). Lung cancer had the highest premature mortality cost (€84.0 million; 16.5% of total costs), followed by cancers of the colorectum (€49.6 million; 9.7%), breast (€49.4 million; 9.7%) and brain & CNS (€42.4 million: 8.3%). The total economic cost of premature cancer-related mortality in Ireland amounted to €509.5 million or 0.3% of gross domestic product. An increase of one year in the retirement age increased the total all-cancer premature mortality cost by 9.9% for men and 5.9% for women. The inclusion of household production and caring costs increased the total cost to €945.7 million.Conclusion: Lost productivity costs due to cancer-related premature mortality are significant. The higher premature mortality cost in males than females reflects higher wages and rates of workforce participation. Productivity costs provide an alternative perspective on the cancer burden on society and may inform cancer control policy decisions. © 2014 Hanly and Sharp; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Goli M.,Robert Gordon University | Gonzalez-Velez H.,National College of Ireland
Concurrency Computation Practice and Experience | Year: 2014

With the emergence of general-purpose computation on graphics processing units, high-level approaches that hide the conceptual complexity of the low-level Compute Unified Device Architecture and Open Computing Language platforms are the subject of active research. However, these approaches may require a trade-off in terms of achieved performance and utilisation on graphics processing units hardware and may impose algorithmic limitations. In this paper, we present and systematically evaluate the parallel performance of three implementations of the brute force, all-pairs N-body algorithm with skeletal deployments based on the FastFlow, SkePU and Thrust frameworks. Our results indicate that the skeletal framework implementation achieves up to two orders of magnitude speed-up over serial version with a Tesla M2050 with lower implementation complexity than low-level Compute Unified Device Architecture programming. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Weibelzahl S.,National College of Ireland | Masthoff J.,University of Aberdeen
User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction | Year: 2010

The evaluation of interactive adaptive systems has long been acknowledged to be a complicated and demanding endeavour. Some promising approaches in the recent past have attempted tackling the problem of evaluating adaptivity by "decomposing" and evaluating it in a "piece-wise" manner. Separating the evaluation of different aspects can help to identify problems in the adaptation process. This paper presents a framework that can be used to guide the "layered" evaluation of adaptive systems, and a set of formative methods that have been tailored or specially developed for the evaluation of adaptivity. The proposed framework unifies previous approaches in the literature and has already been used, in various guises, in recent research work. The presented methods are related to the layers in the framework and the stages in the development lifecycle of interactive systems. The paper also discusses practical issues surrounding the employment of the above, and provides a brief overview of complementary and alternative approaches in the literature. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

McCabe T.J.,National College of Ireland | Sambrook S.,Bangor University
International Journal of Nursing Studies | Year: 2014

Background: Although trust has been investigated in the health context, limited research explores nurse and nurse manager perceptions of trust. Objective: To explore the concept of trust amongst nurses and nurse managers at individual, interpersonal and organisational levels. Design: Our paper reports the findings from an interpretivist study conducted within the British National Health Service, involving thirty-nine semi-structured interviews with nurses and nurse managers. Settings: Large acute and small community organisation within the British National Health Service. Participants: 28 nurses and 11 nurse managers working within an Acute and a Community sector organisation - 20 and 19 in each organisation. Participants were selected through a process of purposive sampling, reflecting variations in terms of age, grade, ward and tenure. Methods: We utilise a concept analysis framework in exploring the antecedents, attributes and consequences of trust amongst nurses and nurse managers at individual, interpersonal and organisational levels. Results: Key findings suggest that trust is formed within the immediate ward environment, and is significantly influenced by the role of line manager. Other positively influencing factors include professionalism and commitment to the nursing profession. These form the basis for the teamwork, delegation, support, open communication systems, confidentiality and discretion essential to delivering quality patient care. Negatively influencing factors include new management concepts, practices and styles overseen by managers recruited from the private sector. New management concepts were associated with reductions in the number of qualified nurses and increasing numbers of untrained nursing staff, reduced direct patient contact, less opportunities for professional training and development and deteriorating terms and conditions of employment. Conclusions: Our findings offer insight for managers, nurses and human resource practitioners to help build high trust relationships in a health care context. Of particular import is the need for managers to communicate more effectively organisational and financial constraints, in a manner that does not 'alienate' nurses and nurse managers, by highlighting their value and acknowledging their role in delivering high quality patient care. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Molnar A.,Brunel University | Muntean C.H.,National College of Ireland
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting | Year: 2013

Mobile Internet and mobile services that make use of mobile data are increasingly popular. However, the cost of content delivery, in particular, multimedia type content over cellular networks is still high and poses a challenge for some users who are not necessarily willing or cannot afford to pay too much for it. The problem is further exacerbated when video content is used, as this type of content is heavier and can lead to higher bills. In this context, this paper presents a novel cost-oriented adaptive multimedia delivery (COMEDY) mechanism that considers the user's willingness to pay for a certain video quality and user's mobile device characteristics to deliver adaptive multimedia content over wireless connection. The goal of the mechanism is to reduce the cost of multimedia delivery for users that are not willing to pay that much. The mechanism is evaluated both through objective and subjective studies. The evaluation shows that the proposed mechanism provides a reduction in the price paid for accessing multimedia content, and the user's perceived quality is not negatively affected. © 1963-12012 IEEE. Source

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