National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases

Guangzhou, China

National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases

Guangzhou, China
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Xu Q.-X.,Capital Medical University | Xu Q.-X.,Bengbu Medical College | Yang Y.-H.,Capital Medical University | Geng J.,Bengbu Medical College | And 7 more authors.
Chinese Medical Journal | Year: 2017

Background: The clinical significance of acute vasoreactivity testing (AVT) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) remains unclear. We analyzed changes in hemodynamics and oxygenation dynamics indices after AVT in patients with CTEPH using patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) as controls. Methods: We analyzed retrospectively the results of AVT in 80 patients with PAH and 175 patients with CTEPH registered in the research database of Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital between October 2005 and August 2014. Demographic variables, cardiopulmonary indicators, and laboratory findings were compared in these two subgroups. A long-term follow-up was conducted in patients with CTEPH. Between-group comparisons were performed using the independent-sample t-test or the rank sum test, within-group comparisons were conducted using the paired t-test or the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and count data were analyzed using the Chi-squared test. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Results: The rates of positive response to AVT were similar in the CTEPH (25/175, 14.3%) and PAH (9/80, 11.3%) groups (P > 0.05). Factors significantly associated a positive response to AVT in the CTEPH group were level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide(≤1131.000 ng/L), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP, ≤44.500 mmHg), pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR, ≤846.500 dyn·s-1·m-5), cardiac output (CO, ≥3.475 L/min), and mixed venous oxygen partial pressure (PvO2, ≥35.150 mmHg). Inhalation of iloprost resulted in similar changes in mean blood pressure, mPAP, PVR, systemic vascular resistance, CO, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), mixed venous oxygen saturation, partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2), PvO2, and intrapulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) in the PAH and CTEPH groups (all P > 0.05). The survival time in patients with CTEPH with a negative response to AVT was somewhat shorter than that in AVT-responders although the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.613, P = 0.057). The survival time of patients with CTEPH who received calcium channel blockers (CCBs) was longer than that in the group with only basic treatment and not shorter than that of patients who receiving targeted drugs or underwent pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) although there was no significant difference between the four different treatment regimens (χ2 = 3.069, P = 0.381). Conclusions: The rates of positive response to AVT were similar in the CTEPH and PAH groups, and iloprost inhalation induced similar changes in hemodynamics and oxygenation dynamics indices. A positive response to AVT in the CTEPH group was significantly correlated with milder disease and better survival. Patients with CTEPH who cannot undergo PEA or receive targeted therapy but have a positive response to AVT might benefit from CCB treatment. © 2017 Chinese Medical Journal.

Zhang S.,Capital Medical University | Zhang S.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders | Zou L.,Beijing Hospital | Zou L.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | And 11 more authors.
Experimental Cell Research | Year: 2015

Background: Different types of pulmonary hypertension (PH) share the same process of pulmonary vascular remodeling, the molecular mechanism of which is not entirely clarified by far. The abnormal biological behaviors of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play an important role in this process. Objectives: We investigated the regulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2) by the sGC activator, and explored the effect of PAI-2 on PASMCs proliferation, apoptosis and migration. Methods: After the transfection with PAI-2 overexpression vector and specific siRNAs or treatment with BAY 41-2272 (an activator of sGC), the mRNA and protein levels of PAI-2 in cultured human PASMCs were detected, and the proliferation, apoptosis and migration of PASMCs were investigated. Results: BAY 41-2272 up regulated the endogenous PAI-2 in PASMCs, on the mRNA and protein level. In PAI-2 overexpression group, the proliferation and migration of PASMCs were inhibited significantly, and the apoptosis of PASMCs was increased. In contrast, PAI-2 knockdown with siRNA increased PASMCs proliferation and migration, inhibited the apoptosis. Conclusions: PAI-2 overexpression inhibits the proliferation and migration and promotes the apoptosis of human PASMCs. Therefore, sGC activator might alleviate or reverse vascular remodeling in PH through the up-regulation of PAI-2. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Shao W.,Guangzhou University | Shao W.,Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases | Shao W.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | Liu J.,Guangzhou University | And 20 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Objective: The current study was prospectively designed to explore the application of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) radical treatment for patients with stage IIIA lung cancer, with the primary endpoints being the safety and feasibility of this operation and the second endpoints being the survival and complications after the surgery. Methods: A total of 51 patients with radiologically or mediastinoscopically confirmed stage IIIA lung cancer underwent VATS radical treatment, during which the standard pulmonary lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection were performed after pre-operative assessment. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss/complications, postoperative recovery, postoperative complications, and lymph node dissection were recorded and analyzed. This study was regarded as successful if the surgical success rate reached 90% or higher. Results: A total of 51 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were enrolled in this study from March 2009 to February 2010. The median post-operative follow-up duration was 50.5 months. Of these 51 patients, 41 (80.4%) had N2 lymph node metastases. All patients underwent the thoracoscopic surgeries, among whom 50 (98%) received pulmonary lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection completely under the thoracoscope, 6 had their incisions extended to about 6 cm due to larger tumor sizes, and 1 had his surgery performed using a 12 cm small incision for handling the adhesions between lymph nodes and blood vessels. No patient was converted to conventional open thoracotomy. No perioperative death was noted. One patient received a second surgery on the second post-operative day due to large drainage (>1,000 mL), and the postoperative recovery was satisfactory. Up to 45 patients (88.2%) did not suffer from any perioperative complication, and 6 (11.8%) experienced one or more complications. Conclusions: VATS radical treatment is a safe and feasible treatment for stage IIIA lung cancer. © Chinese Journal of Cancer Research. All rights reserved.

Shen C.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | Li Y.-J.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | Yin Q.-Q.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | Jiao W.-W.,National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Interferon inducible transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3) is a double transmembrane protein. As a member of the IFITM family, IFITM3 can be upregulated by interferon (IFN) to be involved in various biological processes. In order to determine whether gene expression profiles can be altered by a lack of IFITM3, the present study used shRNAs lentivirus for knocking down the endogenous expression of IFITM3 in human HeLa cells and human whole genome microarrays to obtain gene expression profiles. A total of 1,011 downregulated transcripts and 615 upregulated transcripts were identified using the Agilent expression platform. The identified transcripts were involved in multiple pathways, including the complement pathways, and the antigen processing and presentation pathway. The present study identified the transcripts, which were affected by the downregulation of endogenous IFITM3 and the pathways they were involved in. These findings may lead to an improved understanding of the biological functions of IFITM3.

Xiao D.,China Japan Friendship Hospital | Bai C.-X.,Fudan University | Chen Z.-M.,University of Oxford | Wang C.,China Japan Friendship Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Cancer | Year: 2015

China is the largest producer and consumer of tobacco in the world. Consequently, the burden of tobacco-related diseases in China is enormous. Implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) may lead to a significant reduction in tobacco-related morbidity and mortality both in China and globally. In this review, the authors summarize the epidemic of tobacco use and the progress made in implementing the WHO FCTC, including the promotion of legislation for smoke-free public places; smoking-cessation assistance; labeling of tobacco packaging; enforcement of bans on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship; increased taxes on tobacco products; increased tobacco prices; improvements in public awareness of the dangers of smoking; and identifying the barriers to implementing effective tobacco-control measures in China. Since the WHO FCTC officially took effect in China on January 9, 2006, China has taken some important steps, especially in promoting legislation for smoke-free public places. Because tobacco permeates the fabric of society, business, commerce, and politics in China, commitments and actions from the government are crucial, and implementing the WHO FCTC in China will be an arduous and long-term task. © 2015 American Cancer Society.

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