National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases
National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases
Qi C.,Capital Medical University |
Yang S.,Capital Medical University |
Meng L.,Capital Medical University |
Chen H.,Capital Medical University |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of International Medical Research | Year: 2017
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical utility of diffusion kurtosis tensor imaging in the characterization of cerebral glioma and investigate correlations between diffusion and kurtosis metrics with tumor cellularity. Materials and Methods: A group of 163 patients (age: 40.5 ± 11.5 years) diagnosed with cerebral glioma underwent diffusion kurtosis tensor imaging with a 3 T scanner. Diffusion and kurtosis metrics were measured in the solid part of tumors, and their abilities to distinguish between tumor grades was evaluated. In addition, we analyzed correlations between the metrics and tumor cellularity. Results: Mean kurtosis (MK) revealed a significant difference between each pair of tumor grades (P < 0.05) and produced the best performance in a receiver operating characteristics analysis (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.89, sensitivity/specificity = 83.3/90). In contrast, mean diffusivity (MD) revealed a significant difference only for tumor grade II versus IV (P < 0.05). No significant differences between grades were detected with fractional anisotropy (FA; P > 0.05). Thus, kurtosis metrics exhibited a positive and strong correlation with tumor cellularity, while MD exhibited a negative or weak correlation with tumor cellularity. Conclusion: Diffusion kurtosis metrics, particularly MK, demonstrated superior performance in distinguishing cerebral glioma of different grades compared with conventional diffusion metrics, and were closely associated with tumor cellularity. © 2017, © The Author(s) 2017.
Wang Y.,Capital Medical University |
Wang Y.,National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases |
Zhao X.,Capital Medical University |
Zhao X.,National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases |
And 24 more authors.
Neurology | Year: 2015
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, knowledge, and treatment of TIA in a Chinese adult population. Methods: We conducted a complex, multistage, probability sampling-designed, cross-sectional, nationwide survey of 98,658 Chinese adults in 2010. Possible TIA cases were first identified by symptoms recall or self-reported history of TIA through face-to-face interviews, and the final diagnosis was then made by expert neurologists through phone interviews or record review. Results: The age-standardized prevalence of TIA was 2.27%. Clinically, only 16.0% of the participants were diagnosed before the study. The prevalence of TIA was higher in women and in patients who were older, had less education, were current smokers, lived in rural or undeveloped areas, and had a history of stroke, hypertension, myocardial infarction, dyslipidemia, or diabetes. Based on the survey responses, approximately 3.08% of Chinese adults had knowledge of TIA. Among patients with TIA, only 5.02% received treatment and 4.07% received guideline-recommended therapy. Conclusions: TIA is prevalent and an estimated 23.9 million people in China may have experienced a TIA. Public knowledge on TIA is very limited. TIA appears to be largely undiagnosed and untreated in China. There is an urgent need to develop strategies to improve the identification and appropriate management of TIA. © 2015 American Academy of Neurology.
Jia W.,Capital Medical University |
Jia W.,National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases |
Jia W.,Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders |
Jia W.,Beijing Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine for Cerebrovascular Disease |
And 15 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015
Objective It has been unclear whether thrombolytic-related asymptomatic hemorrhagic transformation (AHT) affects the clinical outcome. To answer this question, we examined whether thrombolytic- related AHT affect short-term and long-term clinical outcome. Methods All data were collected from the Thrombolysis Implementation and Monitor of Acute Ischemic Stroke in China (TIMS-China) registry. The patients were diagnosed as having AHT group and non- hemorrhagic transformation (HT) group based on clinical and imaging data. The patients with symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation were excluded from this study. Thrombolytic-related AHT was defined according to European-Australasian Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) II criteria. 90-day functional outcome, 7-day National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, 7-day and 90-day mortalities were compared between two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the effects of AHT on a shortterm and long-term clinical outcome. Results 904 of all 1440 patients in TIMS-China registry were enrolled. 89 (9.6%) patients presented with AHT after thrombolysis within 24-36h. These patients with AHT were more likely to be elder age, cardioembolic subtype, and to have higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score before thrombolysis than patients without AHT. No significant difference was found on the odds of 7-day (95% CI:0.692 (0.218-2.195), (P = 0.532) or 90-day mortalities (95% CI:0.548 (0.237-1.268), P = 0.160) and modified Rankin Score(0-1) at 90-day (95% CI:0.798 (0.460-1.386), P = 0.423) or modified Rankin Score(0-2) at 90-day (95% CI:0.732 (0.429-1.253), P = 0.116) or modified Rankin Score(5-6) at 90-day (95% CI:0.375 (0.169- 1.830), P = 0.116) between two groups. Conclusions Thrombolytic-related AHT does not deteriorate short-term and long-term clinical outcome. © 2015 Jia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Liu Y.,Capital Medical University |
Liu Y.,Chinese Glioma Cooperative Group CGCG |
Hu H.,Capital Medical University |
Hu H.,Chinese Glioma Cooperative Group CGCG |
And 16 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015
The clinical prognosis of patients with glioma is determined by tumor grades, but tumors of different subtypes with equal malignancy grade usually have different prognosis that is largely determined by genetic abnormalities. Oligodendrogliomas (ODs) are the second most common type of gliomas. In this study, integrative analyses found that distribution of TCGA transcriptomic subtypes was associated with grade progression in ODs. To identify critical gene(s) associated with tumor grades and TCGA subtypes, we analyzed 34 normal brain tissue (NBT), 146 WHO grade II and 130 grade III ODs by microarray and RNA sequencing, and identified a co-expression network of six genes (AURKA, NDC80,CENPK, KIAA0101, TIMELESS and MELK) that was associated with tumor grades and TCGA subtypes as well as Ki-67 expression. Validation of the six genes was performed by qPCR in additional 28 ODs. Importantly, these genes also were validated in four high-grade recurrent gliomas and the initial lower-grade gliomas resected from the same patients. Finally, the RNA data on two genes with the highest discrimination potential (AURKA and NDC80) and Ki-67 were validated on an independent cohort (5 NBTs and 86 ODs) by immunohistochemistry. Knockdown of AURKA and NDC80 by siRNAs suppressed Ki-67 expression and proliferation of gliomas cells. Survival analysis showed that high expression of the six genes corporately indicated a poor survival outcome. Correlation and protein interaction analysis provided further evidence for this co-expression network. These data suggest that the co-expression of the six mitosis-regulating genes was associated with malignant progression and prognosis in ODs.