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Zhai H.,Ningxia Medical University | Liu A.,Ningxia Medical University | Huang W.,Ningxia Medical University | Liu X.,Ningxia Medical University | And 10 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology

Background: In China, the incidence of Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has shown a significant growth trend. Analysis of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic means, and treatment of IBD will further improve the clinician's understanding of IBD, improve knowledge and further enable early diagnosis and standardized therapeutic management. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of IBD inpatients in General Hospital of NingXia Medical University over a 12-year period to identify trends in clinical and epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, and treatment programs. Methods: By excluding188 patients with incomplete information or incompatible with the 2012 Guidlines cases, we retrospectively analyzed the case records of 567 inpatients with a diagnosis of IBD admitted to the General Hospital of NingXia Medical University between January 2002 and December 2014. The clinical epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods, and therapeutic status were analyzed. Results: Over the study period, IBD hospitalization rates in 2002 and 2014 groups was 1.96% and 4.05%, increased 2.07 times. Of 567 cases of IBD, 483 (85.19%) cases were categorized as ulcerative colitis (UC) and 84 as Crohn's disease (CD) (14.81%). Total male cases were 321 (56.61%). Mean age of cases was 49.06 ± 14.92years for UC and 44.84 ± 14.67years for CD. The majority of UC was located in the colon, with a moderate level of disease activity. A combination of clinical manifestations and colonoscopy was mostly used to make a diagnosis; relatively the rate of pathological diagnosis was low, with a small proportion of patient's diagnosed based on radiology. Treatment with SASP/5ASA and steroids was applied to the majority of inpatients and 47.83% were treated with antibiotics; in contrast, only 1.86% cases were treated with immunosuppressive therapy. Conclusions: An increasing trend of admissions for IBD can be observed in our study; there are some differences in clinical features and treatment compared with Western countries, and further research into this is required. © 2016 Zhai et al. Source

Yang X.,Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine | Qin B.,Mayo Medical School | Guo W.,Capital Medical University | Guo W.,National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Cell

The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is the master regulator of metabolic homeostasis by sensing cellular energy status. When intracellular ATP levels decrease during energy stress, AMPK is initially activated through AMP or ADP binding and phosphorylation of a threonine residue (Thr-172) within the activation loop of its kinase domain. Here we report a key molecular mechanism by which AMPK activation is amplified under energy stress. We found that ubiquitination on AMPKα blocks AMPKα phosphorylation by LKB1. The deubiquitinase USP10 specifically removes ubiquitination on AMPKα to facilitate AMPKα phosphorylation by LKB1. Under energy stress, USP10 activity in turn is enhanced through AMPK-mediated phosphorylation of Ser76 of USP10. Thus, USP10 and AMPK form a key feedforward loop ensuring amplification of AMPK activation in response to fluctuation of cellular energy status. Disruption of this feedforward loop leads to improper AMPK activation and multiple metabolic defects. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is the master regulator of metabolic homeostasis by sensing cellular energy status. Deng et al. demonstrated AMPK-USP10 forms a positive feedforward loop that ensures amplification of AMPK activation in response to fluctuation of cellular energy status. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Wei W.,Capital Medical University | Wei W.,National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases | Wu Q.,National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases | Wu Q.,Capital Medical University | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Background: The clinical efficacy of nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) combined with interferon (IFN) therapy vs. NAs monotherapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine whether the NAs plus IFN regimen offers synergistic efficacy that justifies the cost and burden of such a combination therapy in CHB patients. Methods: Related publications covering the period of 1966 to July 2014 were identified through searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, WANFANG, and CNKI database. A total of 17 studies were enrolled, including 6 in English and 11 in Chinese. Then, we established a final list of studies for the meta-analysis by systematically grading the quality and eligibility of the identified individual studies. We used hepatitis B antigen (HBeAg) loss, HBV-DNA undetectable rate, HBeAg seroconversion, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss, HBsAg seroconversion, and histological score at the end of treatment for efficacy evaluation. A quantitative meta-analysis (Review Manager, Version 5.1.0) was performed to assess the differences between NAs and IFN combination therapy and NAs monotherapy. Results: Our analysis demonstrated that HBeAg loss (RR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.32–2.26, p < 0.001), HBV-DNA undetectable rate (RR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.22–2.04, p < 0.001), HBeAg seroconversion (RR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.36–2.07, p < 0.001), and HBsAg loss (RR = 2.51, 95% CI = 1.32–4.75, p < 0.001) in the combination therapy group were significantly higher than those in the monotherapy group. However, there were no significant differences in HBsAg seroconversion (RR = 4.25, 95% CI = 0.62–29.13, p = 0.14), sustained virological response rates, and biochemical response rates observed between the two groups. The results showed that the combination therapy group had more improved HBV histology than the NAs monotherapy group (RR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.93–1.39, p = 0.22). Conclusions: NAs and IFN or Peg-IFN combination therapy had a better efficacy in terms of HBeAg loss, HBV-DNA undetectable rate, HBeAg seroconversion, and HBsAg loss, compared to the NA monotherapy group at the end of treatment; however, there was no significant difference in HBsAg seroconversion between the two regimens. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source

Xu C.-Q.,Capital Medical University | Xu C.-Q.,Beijing Key Laboratory for Precancerous Lesion of Digestive Diseases | Xu C.-Q.,National Clinical Research Center for Digestive Diseases | Zhu S.-T.,Capital Medical University | And 26 more authors.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

OBJECTIVE: Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common human cancers with a particularly high incidence in certain regions of China. Differentially expressed genes (DEG) between the esophageal squamous carcinoma tissues and matched normal esophageal mucosal epithelial tissues can be detected by employing the gene microarray technology. This can aid the analysis of the underlying disease mechanism and can help to identify potentially critical genes as well as related molecular signalling pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The potentially critical genes and related signal pathways are examined by bioinformatics analysis including Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, pathway analysis and signal transduction networks. Here, we performed microarray analysis with 8 pairs of ESCC and normal esophageal mucosal epithelial tissues. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, 347 and 203 genes were found to be up-regulated and down-regulated in the experimental group, respectively. Based on pathway analysis, 52 and 51 signal transduction pathways were involved in the up-regulated and the down-regulated genes, respectively. SLC27A6, RAB11A, ABCA8, JAM2, HNMT, GSTM1, and CDKN3, which play critical roles in regulating the expression of ESCC, were identified among the key genes involved in the signal transduction networks. CONCLUSIONS: Investigation of the mechanism underlying ESCC can provide a direction for the clinical prevention and treatment of ESCC. Source

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