Time filter

Source Type

Paulose J.,Sacred Heart College | Paulose J.,Bharathiyar University | Achuthan R.P.,Sacred Heart College | Achuthan R.P.,Bharathiyar University | And 4 more authors.
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry | Year: 2014

Rationale McLafferty rearrangements occur in radical cations of molecules containing a carbonyl group and a γ hydrogen atom but are not common in the [M+H]+ ions of carbonyl compounds. We propose to investigate the collision-induced dissociation (CID) of the [M+H]+ ions of nicotinoyl and picolinoyl amides of 1- and 2-phenylethylamines to explore the possibility of McLafferty-type rearrangement. Methods The compounds for study were synthesized by the reaction of methyl nicotinate or methyl picolinate with 1- and 2-phenylethylamines. The CID mass spectra of electrospray ionization (ESI)-generated protonated molecules were obtained using a QSTAR XL quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) mass spectrometer, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the B3LYP method were employed to elucidate the fragmentation mechanisms. The total electronic and thermal energies of intermediate transition states (TSs) and product ions are reported relative to those of the [M+H]+ ions. Results CID of the [M+H]+ ions of N-[nicotinoyl]-2-phenylethylamine (1) yielded product ions of m/z 105 (1-phenylethyl cation) and 123 ([M+H-styrene]+ cation). The competitive formation of the ions of m/z 123 and 105 is proposed to involve a McLafferty-type rearrangement. Similarly, the [M+H]+ ions of the isomeric compound 2 and the N-[picolinoyl] phenylethyl amines (3 and 4) dissociate to yield ions of m/z 123 and 105. Conclusions A molecule of styrene was eliminated from the ESI-generated [M+H]+ ions of N-[nicotinoyl]phenylethylamines and the isomeric N-[picolinoyl]phenylethylamines, through a mechanism involving a McLafferty-type 1,5-H shift. The transition state energy for the 1,5-H shift is less for the amides of 1-phenylethylamine than for the amides of 2-phenylethylamine. The process occurs as a charge remote process and the presence of the pyridine ring is essential for the process. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Cyriac J.,Sacred Heart College | Paulose J.,Sacred Heart College | George M.,Sacred Heart College | Ramesh M.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry | Year: 2014

ESI-protonated 1,5-bis-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1,4-pentadien-3-one (1) undergoes a gas-phase Nazarov cyclization and dissociates via expulsions of ketene and anisole. The dissociations of the [M + D]+ ions are accompanied by limited HD scrambling that supports the proposed cyclization. Solution cyclization of 1 was effected to yield the cyclic ketone, 2,3-bis-(2- methoxyphenyl)-cyclopent-2-ene-1-one, (2) on a time scale that is significantly shorter than the time for cyclization of dibenzalacetone. The dissociation characteristics of the ESI-generated [M + H]+ ion of the synthetic cyclic ketone closely resemble those of 1, suggesting that gas-phase and solution cyclization products are the same. Additional mechanistic studies by density functional theory (DFT) methods of the gas-phase reaction reveals that the initial cyclization is followed by two sequential 1,2-aryl migrations that account for the observed structure of the cyclic product in the gas phase and solution. Furthermore, the DFT calculations show that the methoxy group serves as a catalyst for the proton migrations necessary for both cyclization and fragmentation after aryl migration. An isomer formed by moving the 2-methoxy to the 4-position requires relatively higher collision energy for the elimination of anisole, as is consistent with DFT calculations. Replacement of the 2-methoxy group with an OH shows that the cyclization followed by aryl migration and elimination of phenol occurs from the [M + H]+ ion at low energy similar to that for 1. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2014 American Society for Mass Spectrometry.


George M.,Sacred Heart College | Ramesh V.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | Srinivas R.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | Giblin D.,Washington University in St. Louis | Gross M.L.,Washington University in St. Louis
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry | Year: 2011

The collisionally activated mass spectral fragmentations of N-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)alanine and phenylalanine [M - H]- may be gas-phase analogs of the base-catalyzed cyclization of N-(2,4-dinitrophenyl) amino acids in aqueous dioxane. This latter reaction is one source of the 2-substituted 5-nitro-1H-benzimidazole-3-oxides, which are antibacterial agents. The fragmentation of both compounds, established by tandem mass spectrometric experiments and supported by molecular modeling using DFT methods, indicate that the [M - H]- ions dissociate via sequential eliminations of CO 2 and H2O to produce deprotonated benzimidazole-N-oxide derivatives. The gas-phase cyclization reactions are analogous to the base-catalyzed cyclization in solution, except that in the latter case, the reactant must be a dianion for the reaction to occur on a reasonable time scale. The cyclization of N-(2-nitrophenyl)phenylalanine, which has one less nitro group, requires a stronger base for the cyclization than the compound with a second nitro group at the 4-position. Following losses of CO2 and H2O are expulsions of both neutral molecules and free radicals, the latter being examples of violations of the even-electron ion rule. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | National Center for Mass Spectrometry and Sacred Heart College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM | Year: 2015

McLafferty rearrangements occur in radical cations of molecules containing a carbonyl group and a hydrogen atom but are not common in the [M+H](+) ions of carbonyl compounds. We propose to investigate the collision-induced dissociation (CID) of the [M+H](+) ions of nicotinoyl and picolinoyl amides of 1- and 2-phenylethylamines to explore the possibility of McLafferty-type rearrangement.The compounds for study were synthesized by the reaction of methyl nicotinate or methyl picolinate with 1- and 2-phenylethylamines. The CID mass spectra of electrospray ionization (ESI)-generated protonated molecules were obtained using a QSTAR XL quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) mass spectrometer, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the B3LYP method were employed to elucidate the fragmentation mechanisms. The total electronic and thermal energies of intermediate transition states (TSs) and product ions are reported relative to those of the [M+H](+) ions.CID of the [M+H](+) ions of N-[nicotinoyl]-2-phenylethylamine (1) yielded product ions of m/z 105 (1-phenylethyl cation) and 123 ([M+H-styrene](+) cation). The competitive formation of the ions of m/z 123 and 105 is proposed to involve a McLafferty-type rearrangement. Similarly, the [M+H](+) ions of the isomeric compound 2 and the N-[picolinoyl] phenylethyl amines (3 and 4) dissociate to yield ions of m/z 123 and 105.A molecule of styrene was eliminated from the ESI-generated [M+H](+) ions of N-[nicotinoyl]phenylethylamines and the isomeric N-[picolinoyl]phenylethylamines, through a mechanism involving a McLafferty-type 1,5-H shift. The transition state energy for the 1,5-H shift is less for the amides of 1-phenylethylamine than for the amides of 2-phenylethylamine. The process occurs as a charge remote process and the presence of the pyridine ring is essential for the process.


Ramisetti N.R.,HPLC Group | Kuntamukkala R.,HPLC Group | Lakshetti S.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | Sripadi P.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis | Year: 2014

The current study dealt with the degradation behavior of lacosamide (LAC) under ICH prescribed stress conditions. LAC was found to be labile under acid and base hydrolytic stress conditions, while it was stable to neutral hydrolytic, oxidative, photolytic and thermal stress. In total, seven degradation products (DPs) were formed, which were separated on a C18 column using a stability-indicating method. LC-MS analyses indicated that one of the DPs had the same molecular mass as that of the drug. Structural characterization of DPs was carried out using ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS technique. The degradation pathways and mechanisms of degradation of the drug were delineated by carrying out the degradation in different co-solvents viz. methanol, deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol and acetonitrile. The developed LC method was validated for the determination of related substances and assay of LAC as per ICH guidelines. This study demonstrates a comprehensive approach of LAC degradation studies during its development phase. © 2014 .


Rao R.N.,HPLC Group | Maurya P.K.,HPLC Group | Ramesh M.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | Srinivas R.,National Center for Mass Spectrometry | Agwane S.B.,Pharmacology Division IICT
Biomedical Chromatography | Year: 2010

A high-throughput liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (LC-ESI-MS) method for screening of sirolimus on dried blood spots (DBS) was developed and validated. It involves solvent extraction of a punch of DBS followed by reversed-phase LC on a relatively new monolithic column consisting of a silica rod with bimodal pore structure and detection by ESI-MS. The run time was less than 3 min with a very low backpressure at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. The method can analyze more than 100 samples in an 8 h working day, including sample preparation. The assay was linear from 1 to 100 ng/mL. The mean recovery was 92.42%. The mean inter-day and intra-day precisions were 1.23 and 1.41%, respectively. The developed method is simple, rapid and useful for clinical applications. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Loading National Center for Mass Spectrometry collaborators
Loading National Center for Mass Spectrometry collaborators