Yagata H.,Saitama University |
Ohtsu H.,Juntendo University |
Komoike Y.,377 2 Ohno Higashi |
Saji S.,Fukushima Medical University |
And 5 more authors.
Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2016
Purpose: To assess the joint symptoms and the impact on patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL) due to 5 years of anastrozole from the baseline data in the N-SAS BC 05 trial, a randomized clinical trial was designed to assess the efficacy of 5 additional years of anastrozole among women with breast cancer. Methods: Joint symptoms and HRQOL were evaluated using an original questionnaire for joint symptoms, the Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36), the EuroQol EQ-5D-3L, and a subscale of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Endocrine Symptoms (FACT-ES). Results: Baseline joint symptom and HRQOL data were collected from 330 patients between November 2007 and March 2010. Joint pain and joint stiffness were reported by 61.6 and 59.1 % of patients, respectively, although these symptoms did not affect the activities of daily living in 96.0 and 97.9 % of patients, respectively. Joint pain was reported in the knee by 61.0 % of patients and in the hand by 36.0 % of patients. Joint stiffness mainly affected the hand (67.9 %), especially the proximal interphalangeal joint, and typically occurred upon waking up or in the morning. Most SF-36 domains had good average scores, although slight decreases in physical functioning and role-physical were observed (compared to the national standard scores). The mean EQ-5D utility score was 0.86, and the total FACT-ES subscale score was 62.2/76. Conclusions: After 5 years of anastrozole, many of the patients reported joint pain and stiffness in mainly the hand and knee with mild symptoms and good HRQOL. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source
Suzuki H.,Keio University |
Matsuzaki J.,Keio University |
Fukushima Y.,Tokyo Eki Center Building Clinic |
Suzaki F.,Yokohama Minami Kyosai Hospital |
And 40 more authors.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility | Year: 2014
Background: Rikkunshito, a standardized Japanese herbal medicine, is thought to accelerate gastric emptying and relieve dyspepsia, although no large-scale, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of rikkunshito have been conducted. This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of rikkunshito for treating functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods: FD patients received 2.5 g rikkunshito or placebo three times a day for 8 weeks in this multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial. The primary end point was the proportion of responders at 8 weeks after starting test drug, determined by global patient assessment (GPA). The improvement in four major dyspepsia symptoms severity scale was also evaluated. In addition, plasma ghrelin levels were investigated before and after treatment. Key Results: Two hundred forty-seven patients were randomly assigned. In the eighth week, the rikkunshito group had more GPA responders (33.6%) than the placebo (23.8%), although this did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.09). Epigastric pain was significantly improved (p = 0.04) and postprandial fullness tended to improve (p = 0.06) in the rikkunshito group at week 8. Rikkunshito was relatively more effective among Helicobacter pylori-infected participants (rikkunshito: 40.0% vs placebo: 20.5%, p = 0.07), and seemed less effective among H. pylori-uninfected participants (rikkunshito: 29.3% vs placebo: 25.6%, p = 0.72). Among H. pylori-positive individuals, acyl ghrelin levels were improved just in rikkunshito group. There were no severe adverse events in both groups. Conclusions & Inferences: Administration of rikkunshito for 8 weeks reduced dyspepsia, particularly symptoms of epigastric pain and postprandial fullness. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry, Number UMIN000003954). © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source
Ihana N.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Center Hospital |
Ihana N.,Jichi Medical University |
Tsujimoto T.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Center Hospital |
Tsujimoto T.,Jichi Medical University |
And 7 more authors.
Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome | Year: 2014
Background: Combination therapy consisting of basal insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) is effective for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) that cannot be adequately controlled using OHAs alone. Though basal insulin with metformin or sulfonylurea is an effective therapy, it cannot reduce postprandial glycemia without the risk of hypoglycemia. We examined a two-step regimen consisting of the addition of postprandial hypoglycemic agents (an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor and a glinide) in patients whose T2DM was poorly controlled using basal insulin therapy. Methods. Inpatients between the ages of 30-79 years who had T2DM and an HbA1c level of more than 7.0% were recruited. The patients were treated with once-daily insulin glargine with or without metformin, depending on the patient's age and renal function. Insulin glargine was titrated to achieve a target fasting glucose level of 70-130 mg/dL as a first step (STEP0). If the 2-hour postprandial glucose (PBG) level was higher than the target of 180 mg/dL, miglitol treatment (150 mg/day) was initiated, with dose adjustments (75-225 mg) allowed depending on abdominal symptoms and the PBG (STEP1). If the PBG of the patients remained higher than the target after 3 days of treatment, mitiglinide (30 mg/day, titrated up to 60 mg) was added (STEP2). We then evaluated the proportion of patients who achieved the target PBG before and after the two-step regimen. Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) was performed throughout the two-step protocol in most of the patients. Results: Of the 16 patients who were recruited (median age, 67.0 [58.0-71.0] years; body mass index, 25.0 [22.0-27.9] kg/m2; HbA1c level at admission, 9.1% [8.35-10.4%]), 1 patient (6.25%) achieved the target PBG at STEP 0 and 14 patients (87.5%) had achieved the target PBG at the end of the treatment protocol (P = 0.002). CGM showed a significant decrease in the glucose level at each step of the protocol. The standard deviations in the CGM glucose levels for 24 hours, MAGE, and M-value also improved. Conclusions: The two-step addition of postprandial hypoglycemic agents to basal insulin therapy is potentially effective and safe for decreasing both the fasting and postprandial glucose levels. © 2014 Ihana et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source