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Solano E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Solano E.,National Center for Forest Biodiversity | Franchini P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Franchini P.,University of Konstanz | And 4 more authors.
Biological Invasions | Year: 2013

The expansion of Mus musculus domesticus from its origin has been studied in detail. The colonization routes and times depended on its commensal habits which favoured a rapid and recent dispersal, making it difficult to unravel the expansion pattern. The situation is still obscure in the central Mediterranean area. Mitochondrial D-loop was sequenced for 65 mice from the Aeolian Archipelago and the sixteen haplotypes identified were compared with the 528 available mouse haplotypes. The central Mediterranean phylogeography, the demographic history of the Aeolian mice and the relationships between mtDNA and karyotypes was investigate. Five lineages are present, belonging to five of the haplogroups previously described for the Mediterranean basin, and most individuals fall within the European haplogroups. The Archipelago was subjected to multiple colonizations and chromosomal and molecular data agree in indicating Sicily and Italy as possible sources of colonization in recent times. Nevertheless, the signatures of earlier colonizations might have been lost through extinction and admixing of mice due to human movements. Drastic events during the entire colonization process have led to the present-day random distribution of haplotypes. Furthermore, Salina emerges as an ancestral condition and no relation between karyotype composition and haplotype variability was highlighted. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Solano E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Solano E.,National Center for Forest Biodiversity | Mancini E.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Ciucci P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | And 4 more authors.
Conservation Genetics | Year: 2013

Morimus funereus is a large longhorn beetle included in the European Habitats Directive and in previous releases of the IUCN red list. It represents a flagship species of old-growth forest saproxylic communities in E and SE Europe. The morphologically based taxonomy of W Palaearctic Morimus is rather unstable due to high phenetic intrapopulational and geographic variability and different authors have attempted to recognise one to five different taxa of specific/subspecific rank. No previous molecular data are available for the genus Morimus. Here, for the first time, a molecular approach based on COI and ITS2 gene sequences was applied in European and Anatolian Morimus specimens. The genetic variability among Euro-Anatolian Morimus populations and the geographical structure suggest that they can not be ascribed to the currently accepted five W Palaearctic Morimus species and may actually represent a single, genetically and morphologically variable biological species (M. asper), highlighting the necessity of an extended taxonomical revision. In light of these results, a phylogeographical hypothesis of postglacial colonisation of the central Mediterranean area has been developed and the consequences of this new taxonomic arrangement regarding conservation strategies for "Morimus funereus" and allied taxa in Europe and Turkey are discussed. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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