National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development

Greece

National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development

Greece

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Dimitroulopoulou C.,National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development | Dimitroulopoulou C.,University of Macedonia | Ziomas I.,National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development | Ziomas I.,National Technical University of Athens
Energy Policy | Year: 2011

This paper analyses the factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Greece, (i.e. the drivers of pressures on climate change), using environmental indicators related to energy, demographics and economic growth. The analysis is based on the data of 2008 and considers types of fuel and sectors. The Kaya identity is used to identify the relationship between drivers and pressures, using annual time series data of National GHG emissions, population, energy consumption and gross domestic product. The analysis shows that over the period 2000-2008, GHG emissions show a slight variation, but they are almost stabilised, with a total increase of 1.6%. Despite the economic growth over that period, this stabilisation may be considered as a combination of reductions in the energy intensity of GDP and the carbon intensity of energy, which are affected by improvements in energy efficiency and introduction of "cleaner" fuels, such as natural gas and renewables in the energy mixture of the country. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.


Dimitroulopoulou C.,National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development | Dimitroulopoulou C.,University of Macedonia | Plemmenos V.,National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development | Kyrios T.,National Center for Environment and Sustainable Development | And 2 more authors.
Atmospheric Environment | Year: 2011

The European Environment Agency (EEA) calculates the air pollution exposure indicator (CSI 004) for Greece using data from only one monitoring station, which is located in Athens. The present work presents an alternative approach for calculating such an indicator. This new approach is based on data from several monitoring stations in the metropolitan areas of Athens and Thessaloniki and takes into account the population living within a particular monitoring district. The assessment focuses on particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide and ozone for the period from 2001-2008. Comparisons between exposures estimated by the current procedure and those estimated by the EEA methodology indicate that the latter procedure can produce large over-estimates of exposure. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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