National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products

Nanjing, China

National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products

Nanjing, China
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Feng Z.-X.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Feng Z.-X.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases Diagnostic and Immunology | Feng Z.-X.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Shao G.-Q.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 14 more authors.
Veterinary Microbiology | Year: 2010

An alternative indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae secretory IgA (SIgA) antibody (SIgA-ELISA) was developed using an adhesin (P97R1) of M. hyopneumoniae produced in Escherichia coli. The SIgA-ELISA assay was validated by the comparison with a nested-PCR assay and a commercial M. hyopneumoniae antibody detection kit (IgG-ELISA). Two hundred and sixty nasal swab samples, bronchoalveolar lavage fluids or serum samples were prepared for SIgA-ELISA validation from a M. hyopneumoniae-free farm, a M. hyopneumoniae vaccinated farm and two M. hyopneumoniae contaminated farms. The results showed that the SIgA-ELISA assay could distinguish the M. hyopneumoniae infection from M. hyopneumoniae vaccinated pigs, which was impossible for the current commercial M. hyopneumoniae antibody detection kits. The diagnostic sensitivity (DSN), specificity (DSP) and accuracy of the SIgA-ELISA were 97.0%, 94.4% and 95.8%, respectively and were compared with nested-PCR on 260 field nasal swab samples. The results of repeatability tests revealed that the coefficients of variation of swab samples within and between runs were less than 10%. This SIgA-ELISA is a needle-free detection methodology for large-scale surveys of M. hyopneumoniae infection. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.


Li B.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Li B.,Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology | Li B.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Sun B.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 20 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2013

Hokoviruses have recently been detected as pathogens belonging to the family Parvoviridae, which comprises porcine hokovirus (PHoV) and bovine hokovirus (BHoV). In this study, we developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the rapid, specific and sensitive detection of PHoV. A set of four primers specific for six regions within the PHoV VP1/2 genes was designed using online software. The reaction temperature and time were optimized at 65. °C and 60. min, respectively. LAMP products were detected by agarose gel electrophoresis or by visual inspection of a color change caused by a fluorescent dye. The method was highly specific for PHoV, and no cross-reaction was observed with porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine parvovirus (PPV), porcine bocavirus (PBoV), pseudorabies virus (PRV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), classic swine fever virus (CSFV), or Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). The detection limit was approximately 10 copies per reaction, which was 10 times more sensitive than conventional PCR. Furthermore, the efficiency of detection of PHoV in clinical samples was comparable to that of PCR and sequencing. These results show that the LAMP assay is a simple, rapid, sensitive and specific method for detecting PHoV. It does not require specialized equipment and can be used to detect PHoV both in the laboratory and in the field. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Li B.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Li B.,Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology | Li B.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Ma J.-J.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 27 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2012

The porcine boca-like virus (Pbo-likeV) was recently discovered in Swedish pigs with post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed for rapid, specific and sensitive detection of Pbo-likeV. A set of four primers specific for six regions of Pbo-likeV VP1/2 genes was designed with the online software. The reaction temperature and time were optimized to 65°C and 60. min, respectively. LAMP products were detected by agarose gel electrophoresis or by visual inspection of a color change due to addition of fluorescent dye. The developed method was highly specific for detection of Pbo-likeV, and no cross-reaction was observed with other swine viruses, such as porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine parvovirus (PPV) and classic swine fever virus (CSFV) found commonly in China. The lower detection limit of the LAMP assay was approximately 10 copies per reaction, and it was 100 times more sensitive than that of conventional PCR. Furthermore, the efficiency of LAMP for detection Pbo-likeV in clinical samples was comparable to PCR and sequencing. These results showed that the LAMP assay is a simple, rapid, sensitive and specific technique for detection of Pbo-likeV, and the procedure of LAMP does not rely on any special equipment. It has capacity for the detection of Pbo-likeV both in the laboratory and on farms. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Zhang X.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Zhang X.,Key Laboratory of Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Zhang X.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Zhang X.,Jiangsu Electric Power Company | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 is the causative agent of hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans. However, the bacterium can colonize the intestines of ruminants without causing clinical signs. EHEC O157:H7 needs flagella (H7) and hemorrhagic coli pili (HCP) to adhere to epithelial cells. Then the bacterium uses the translocated intimin receptor (Tir) and an outer membrane adhesion (Intimin) protein to colonize hosts. This leads to the attachment and effacement of (A/E) lesions. A tetravalent recombinant vaccine (H7-HCP-Tir-Intimin) composed of immunologically important portions of H7, HCP, Tir and Intimin proteins was constructed and its efficacy was evaluated using a caprine model. The results showed that the recombinant vaccine induced strong humoral and mucosal immune responses and protected the subjects from live challenges with EHEC O157:H7 86-24 stain. After a second immunization, the average IgG titer peaked at 7.2×10 5. Five days after challenge, E. coli O157:H7 was no longer detectable in the feces of vaccinated goats, but naïve goats shed the bacterium throughout the course of the challenge. Cultures of intestinal tissues showed that vaccination of goats with H7-HCP-Tir-Intimin reduced the amount of intestinal colonization by EHEC O157:H7 effectively. Recombinant H7-HCP-Tir-Intimin protein is an excellent vaccine candidate. Data from the present study warrant further efficacy studies aimed at reducing EHEC O157:H7 load on farms and the contamination of carcasses by this zoonotic pathogen. © 2014 Zhang et al.


Du L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Du L.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | Du L.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Du L.,Jiangsu Electric Power Company | And 29 more authors.
Archives of Virology | Year: 2015

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an economically devastating viral disease of pigs. Safer and more effective vaccines are urgently needed. In this study, a synthetic ORF5 gene of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was adsorbed onto poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide)/polyethylenimine (PLGA/PEI) nanoparticles. We prepared a PLGA-nanoparticle-adsorbed PRRSV DNA vaccine and a PEI-DNA complex. The results showed that these model vaccines could significantly enhance humoral and cellular immune responses when compared with the responses induced by pcDNA3.1-SynORF5, a plasmid construct for expression of PRRSV ORF5. PLGA-branched PEI nanoparticles induced the most efficient immune response. The delivery system and adjuvant provide new models for the development of vaccines against PRRSV. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Wien.


Du L.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Du L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Du L.,Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases | Du L.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio Products | And 11 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2013

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has been mainly responsible for the catastrophic economic losses in pig industry worldwide. The commercial vaccines only provide a limited protection against PRRSV infection. Thus, the focus and direction is to develop safer and more effective vaccines in the research field of PRRS. The immune modulators are being considered to enhance the effectiveness of PRRSV vaccines. IFN-λ1 belongs to type III interferon, a new interferon family. IFN-λ1 is an important cytokine with multiple functions in innate and acquired immunity. In this study, porcine IFN-λ1 (PoIFN-λ1) was evaluated for its adjuvant effects on the immunity of a DNA vaccine carrying the GP5 gene of PRRSV. Groups of mice were immunized twice at 2-week interval with 100 μg of the plasmid DNA vaccine pcDNA3.1-SynORF5, pcDNA3.1-PoIFN-λ1-SynORF5, and the blank vector pcDNA3.1, respectively. The results showed that pcDNA3.1-PoIFN-λ1-SynORF5 can significantly enhance GP5-specific ELISA antibody, PRRSV-specific neutralizing antibody, IFN-γ level, and lymphocyte proliferation ratherthan the responses induced by pcDNA3.1-SynORF5. Therefore, type III interferon PoIFN-λ1 could enhance the immune responses of DNA vaccine of PRRSV, highlighting the potential value of PoIFN-λ1 as a molecular adjuvant in the prevention of PRRSV infection. © 2013 Luping Du et al.


Li W.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Li W.,Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology | Li W.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Mao L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 15 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2015

Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically important viral disease that affects the pig industry worldwide. The glycoprotein E2 of CSFV can induce neutralizing antibodies and protective immunity, and is widely used for novel vaccine development. The objective of this study was to explore whether a tetraspanin molecule CD81 could improve the immune responses of an E2-based DNA vaccine. Plasmids pVAX-CD81, pVAX-E2 and pVAX-CD81-E2 were constructed and the expression of target proteins was confirmed in BHK-21 cells by indirect immunofluorescence assay. BALB/c mice were divided into 5 groups and immunized with different plasmids (pVAX-E2, pVAX-CD81-E2, pVAX-E2. +. pVAX-CD81, pVAX-CD81 and PBS) three times with two weeks interval. The results showed that the introduction of CD81 promoted higher humoral and cellular immune responses than E2 expression alone (. P<. 0.05). In addition, immunization with pVAX-CD81-E2 induced stronger immune responses than pVAX-E2. +. pVAX-CD81. Furthermore, four groups of pigs were immunized with pVAX-E2, pVAX-CD81-E2, pVAX-CD81 and PBS, respectively. Humoral and cellular immune responses detection showed similar results with those in mice. Compared to pVAX-E2, pVAX-CD81-E2 induced higher titers of neutralizing antibodies after viral challenge and conferred stronger protection. These results confirmed the capacity of swine CD81 enhancing the humoral and cellular responses with an adjuvant effect on CSFV DNA vaccine. This is the first report demonstrating the adjuvant effect of CD81 to enhance the DNA vaccination for swine pathogen. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Yang L.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Yang L.,Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biological Engineering and Technology | Yang L.,National Center for Engineering Research of Veterinary Bio products | Li W.,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences | And 20 more authors.
Infection, Genetics and Evolution | Year: 2016

Parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3) is one of the most important viral respiratory pathogens for humans and for many animals. One unique caprine PIV3 (CPIV3) strain named JS2013 was isolated in Chinese goat flocks with respiratory diseases in 2013. Now, the complete genome sequence of the strain JS2013 had been determined. A total of 15 overlapping DNA clones, covering the entire genome of the virus, were obtained by primer walking RT-PCR. The sequences of the 3' and 5' termini of the viral genome were amplified by 3' and 5' RACE. The viral genome was 15,618 nucleotides (nt) in length, which was consisted of six genes in the order 5'-leader-N-P/C/V-M-F-HN-L-tailer-3'. The junction sequences between two genes were highly conserved gene start and stop signal sequences, and trinucleotide intergenic regions (IGR) similar to those of other reported PIV3 strains. Phylogenetic analysis based on the complete genomes of JS2013 with other strains of genus Respirovirus demonstrated that the JS2013 obviously differed from HPIV1, Sendai virus, HPIV3 and other reported BPIV3 genotypes. Further analysis of HN genes of JS2013 along with two more CPIV3 strains isolated later indicated that CPIV3 strains formed a separate cluster. The results presented here suggested that CPIV3 is a new member of the genus Respirovirus. © 2015.

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