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Barah B.C.,National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2010

The unique ecological entity and topographical diversities are the exclusive characteristics of the hill and mountain regions in India. The distinctive socio-economic features, ethnicity, climatic variability and human activities, separate the hill and mountain ecosystem from the rest. Traditional agriculture is the major and dominant activity in the hill economy, which confronts multiple risks and uncertainty. The low yield of food and cash crops, fodder, fuel and other minor forest produce and stagnant growth are the critical pull factors of agrarian economy and in particular the household food security. The small and fragmented land holdings, undulating topography and predominance of cultivation under rainfed conditions are the dominant features of farming in Himachal Pradesh. The analysis revealed that soil in the area is sandy, skeletal, celestius, fridged, which is low in nitrogen, moderate in phosphorus and high in potassium content, apart from low zinc and iron but it contains sufficient copper and manganese to support crop production. Source


Chand R.,National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2010

The main reason for the current surge in food prices is the supply shock due to the drought in 2009 and the carry-over effect of the low growth of food production in 2008-09. As the frequency of such shocks is expected to rise, India needs to have an effective food management strategy to deal with these episodes. It also needs to explore various other options for price stabilisation like maintaining buffer stocks and using trade. The economy has to invest heavily in expanding storage capacity for various types of foods in both the public as well as private sectors. Due to fluctuations in growth, the export of some commodities in one or two years is followed by their imports, which invariably involves a large variation in costs and prices. As India is a net exporter of food, a part of what is now exported needs to instead become part of domestic stabilisation stocks. Source


Birthal P.S.,National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2013

The article examines the potential of some of the frontier technologies related to breeding of crops and animals, and natural resources management in improving food and nutritional security, and enhancing agricultural growth and rural development. In India, the average yield obtained from front-line demonstrations on farmers' fields is a commonly used indicator of yield potential for practical and policy purposes. Available evidence indicates that there exist significant differences in realized and obtainable yields of most crops both within and across the states which cannot be explained by the local physical conditions. The natural resource base of agriculture is becoming increasingly stressed. Land and water, the two most important factors of production, are scarce, and these are deteriorating fast quantitatively as well as qualitatively due to intensification of agriculture and their increasing demand in non-agricultural uses. Conservation of land and water resources and their efficient use, therefore, are critical in enhancing and sustaining productivity of agriculture. Source


Birthal P.S.,National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2014

Livestock have been an integral part of India's agriculture since time immemorial, providing livelihood support to a majority of rural population. India has a huge population of different species of livestock and together these account for about 27 percent of the country's agricultural gross domestic product. The performance of a livestock market crucially depends on the disclosure and dissemination of market information on the quality of livestock and market characteristics in terms of infrastructure facilities and support services. A binary logistic regression has been used to test the influence of buyers' demographic and entrepreneurial characteristics on the choice of voluntary or mandatory disclosure of information. Source


Kumar A.,National Center for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2012

India is the largest milk producer in the world with annual production of about 105 million tonnes in 2007-08. But, milk productivity in India is very low and there is a tremendous scope for its enhancements. The study has measured farm-specific technical efficiency in milk production and has identified its determinants to suggest options for increasing farm level efficiency to strengthen competitiveness of dairy farmers. It has been shown that India has potential to increase milk production by about 25% at the existing level of technological development. However, improvement in technical efficiency in milk production requires adequate and quality veterinary services, augmentation of feed and fodder resources at the farm, integration with formal marketing system, and scaling-up of the dairy enterprise. Source

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