National Cancer Society Corporacion Nacional del Cancer CONAC

Santiago, Chile

National Cancer Society Corporacion Nacional del Cancer CONAC

Santiago, Chile
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Morales S.,University of Chile | Morales S.,Andrés Bello University | Gulppi F.,Hospital Clinico San Borja Arriaran | Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,University of Chile | And 6 more authors.
BMC Genetics | Year: 2016

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous, non-coding, single-stranded RNAs capable of regulating gene expression by suppressing translation or degrading mRNAs. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) can alter miRNA expression, resulting in diverse functional consequences. Previous studies have examined the association of miRNA SNPs with breast cancer (BC) susceptibility. The contribution of miRNA gene variants to BC susceptibility in South American women had been unexplored. Our study evaluated the association of the SNPs rs895819 in pre-miR27a, rs11614913 in pre-miR-196a2, rs6505162 in pre-miR-423, rs4919510 in miR-608, and rs2682818 in pre-mir-618 with familial BC and early-onset non-familial BC in non-carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations from a South American population. Results: We evaluated the association of five SNPs with BC risk in 440 cases and 807 controls. Our data do not support an association of rs11614913:C > T and rs4919510:C > G with BC risk. The rs6505162:C > A was significantly associated with increased risk of familial BC in persons with a strong family history of BC (OR = 1.7 [95 % CI 1.0-2.0] p = 0.05). The rs2682818:C > A genotype C/A is associated with an increased BC risk in non-familial early-onset BC. For the rs895819:A > G polymorphism, the genotype G/G is significantly associated with reduced BC risk in families with a moderate history of BC (OR = 0.3 [95 % CI 0.1-0.8] p = 0.01). Conclusions: The contribution of variant miRNA genes to BC in South American women had been unexplored. Our findings support the following conclusions: a) rs6505162:C > A in pre-miR-423 increases risk of familial BC in families with a strong history of BC; b) the C/A genotype at rs2682818:C > A (pre-miR-618) increases BC risk in non-familial early-onset BC; and c) the G/G genotype at rs895819:A > G (miR-27a) reduces BC risk in families with a moderate history of BC. © 2016 The Author(s).


Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,Institute of Biomedical science ICBM | Gutierrez-Enriquez S.,Vall dHebron Institute of Oncology VHIO | Gutierrez-Enriquez S.,University of Barcelona | Gaete D.,Institute of Biomedical science ICBM | And 11 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

The distribution of BRCA1/2 germline mutations in breast/ovarian cancer (BC/OC) families varies among different populations. In the Chilean population, there are only two reports of mutation analysis of BRCA1/2, and these included a low number of BC and/or OC patients. Moreover, the prevalence of BRCA1/2 genomic rearrangements in Chilean and in other South American populations is unknown. In this article, we present the mutation-detection data corresponding to a set of 326 high-risk families analyzed by conformation-sensitive gel electrophoresis and heteroduplex analysis. To determine the contribution of BRCA1/2 LGRs in Chilean BC patients, we analyzed 56 high-risk subjects with no pathogenic BRCA1/2 point mutations. Germline BRCA1/2 point mutations were found in 23 (7.1%) of the 326 Chilean families. Families which had at least three BC and/or OC cases showed the highest frequency of mutations (15.9%). We identified 14 point pathogenic mutations. Three recurrent mutations in BRCA1 (c.187-188delAG, c.2605-2606delTT, and c.3450-3453 delCAAG) and three in BRCA2 (c.4969-4970insTG, c.5374-5377delTATG, and c.6503-6504delTT) contributed to 63.6 and 66.7% of all the deleterious mutations of each gene, which may reflect the presence of region-specific founder effects. Taken together BRCA1/2 recurrent point mutations account for 65.2% (15/23) of the BRCA1/2 (+) families. No large deletions or duplications involving BRCA1/2 were identified in a subgroup of 56 index cases negative for BRCA1/2 point mutations. Our study, which is the largest conducted to date in a South American population, provides a comprehensive analysis on the type and distribution of BRCA1/2 mutations and allelic variants. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010.


Elematore I.,University of Chile | Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,University of Chile | Reyes J.M.,Clinica Las Condes | Blanco R.,University of Chile | And 13 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014

Recent Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with breast cancer (BC) among women of Asian, European, and African-American ancestry. Nevertheless, the contribution of these variants in the South American population is unknown. Furthermore, there is little information about the effect of these risk alleles in women with early BC diagnosis. In the present study, we evaluated the association between rs3803662 (TOX3, also known as TNRC9), rs13387042 (2q35), and rs13281615 (8q24) with BC risk in 344 Chilean BRCA1/2-negative BC cases and in 801 controls. Two SNPs, rs3803662 and rs13387042, were significantly associated with increased BC risk in familial BC and in non-familial early-onset BC. The risk of BC increased in a dose-dependent manner with the number of risk alleles (P-trend < 0.0001 and 0.0091, respectively). The odds ratios for BC in familial BC and in early-onset non-familial BC were 3.76 (95 %CI 1.02-13.84, P = 0.046) and 8.0 (95 %CI 2.20-29.04, P = 0.002), respectively, for the maximum versus minimum number of risk alleles. These results indicate an additive effect of the TOX3 rs3803662 and 2q35 rs13387042 alleles for BC risk. We also evaluated the interaction between rs3803662 and rs13387042 SNPs. We observed an additive interaction only in non-familial early-onset BC cases (AP = 0.72 (0.28-1.16), P = 0.001). No significant association was observed for rs13281615 (8q24) with BC risk in women from the Chilean population. The strongly increased risk associated with the combination of low-penetrance risk alleles supports the polygenic inheritance model of BC. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.


Leyton Y.,University of Chile | Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,University of Chile | Blanco R.,University of Chile | Bravo T.,National Cancer Society Corporacion Nacional del Cancer CONAC | And 14 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: Germline mutations in PALB2 have been identified in approximately 1% of familial breast cancer (BC) in several populations. Nevertheless its contribution in the South-American population is unknown. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of PALB2 mutations in the Chilean population. Methods: 100 Chilean BRCA1/2-negatives familial BC cases were included for the PALB2 mutation analysis. We use conformational sensitive gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. Using a case-control design, we studied the identified variants in 436 BC cases and 809 controls to evaluate their possible association with BC risk. Results: No pathogenic mutations were detected. We identified three variants, the variant c.1861C > A not previously described was found in one of the 436 cases and none of the 809 controls. The bioinformatic analyses indicate that this variant probably is not pathogenic. PALB2 c.1676A > G (rs152451A/G) and c.2993C > T (rs45551636C/T) variants were significantly associated with increased BC risk only in cases with a strong family history of BC (OR = 1.9 [CI 95% 1.3-2.8] p < 0.01 and OR = 3.3 [CI 95% 1.4-7.3] p < 0.01, respectively). The rs152451A/G-rs45551636C/T composite genotype produce increase of the BC risk in cases with a strong family history of BC (OR = 3.6 [CI 95% 1.7-8.0] p = 0.003). The rs152451-G/rs45551636-C and rs152451-G/rs45551636-T haplotypes were associated with an increased BC risk only in cases with a strong family history of BC (OR = 1.6 [CI 95% 1.0-2.5] p = 0.05 and OR = 3.7 [CI 95% 1.8-7.5] p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Our results suggest that PALB2 c.1676A > G and c.2993C > T play roles in BC risk in women with a strong family history of BC. © Leyton et al.


Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,University of Chile | Reyes J.M.,Clinica Las Condes | Blanco R.,University of Chile | Bravo T.,National Cancer Society Corporacion Nacional Del Cancer CONAC | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2012

Since the discovery of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, much work has been carried out to identify further breast cancer (BC) susceptibility genes. BARD1 (BRCA1-associated ring domain) was originally identified as a BRCA1-interacting protein but has also been described in tumor-suppressive functions independent of BRCA1. Some association studies have suggested that the BARD1 Cys557Ser variant might be associated with increased risk of BC, but others have failed to confirm this finding. To date, this variant has not been analyzed in Spanish or South-American populations. In this study, using a case-control design, we analyzed the C-terminal Cys557Ser change in 322 Chilean BC cases with no mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and in 570 controls in order to evaluate its possible association with BC susceptibility. BARD1 Cys557Ser was associated with an increased BC risk (P = 0.04, OR = 3.4 [95 % CI 1.2-10.2]) among cases belonging to families with a strong family history of BC. No difference between single cases affected with age <50 years at diagnosis (n = 117) and controls was observed for carriers of Cys/Ser genotype. It is likely that this variant is not involved in BC risk in this group of women. We also analyzed a possible interaction between BARD1 557Ser/XRCC3 241Met variants considering the role of both genes in the maintenance of genome integrity. The combined genotype Cys/Ser-carrier with the XRCC3 241Met allele was associated with an increased BC risk (P = 0.02, OR = 5.01 [95 % CI 1.36-18.5]) among women belonging to families with at least three BC and/or ovarian cancer cases. Our results suggest that BARD1 557Ser and XRCC3 241Met may play roles in BC risk in women with a strong family history of BC. Nevertheless there is no evidence of an interaction between the two SNPs. These findings should be confirmed by other studies and in other populations. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Jara L.,University of Chile | Gonzalez-Hormazabal P.,University of Chile | Cerceno K.,University of Chile | Di Capua G.A.,University of Chile | And 13 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

Genome-Wide Association Studies have identified several loci associated with breast cancer (BC) in populations of different ethnic origins. One of the strongest associations was found in the FGFR2 gene, and MAP3K1 has been proposed as a low-penetrance BC risk factor. In this study, we evaluated the associations among FGFR2 SNPs rs2981582, rs2420946, and rs1219648; and MAP3K1 rs889312, with BC risk in 351 BRCA1/2-negative Chilean BC cases and 802 controls. All the SNPs studied were significantly associated with increased BC risk in familial BC and in non-familial early-onset BC, in a dose-dependent manner. Subjects with 3 risk alleles were at a significantly increased risk of BC compared with subjects with 0-2 risk alleles, in both familial BC and early-onset non-familial BC (OR = 1.47, 95 % CI 1.04-2.07, P = 0.026 and OR = 2.04 95 % CI 1.32-3.24, P < 0.001, respectively). In the haplotype analysis, the FGFR2 rs2981582 T / rs2420946 T / rs1219648 G haplotype (ht2) was associated with a significantly increased BC risk compared with the rs2981582 C / rs2420946 C / rs1219648 A haplotype in familial BC and in non-familial early-onset BC (OR = 1.32, 95 % CI 1.06-1.65, P = 0.012; OR = 1.46, 95 % CI 1.11-1.91, P = 0.004, respectively). When the FGFR2 ht2 and MAP3K1 rs889312 were evaluated as risk alleles, the risk of BC increased in a dose-dependent manner as the number of risk alleles increased (P trend <0.0001), indicating an additive effect. Nevertheless, there is no evidence of an interaction between FGFR2 ht2 and the MAP3K1 rs889312 C allele. These findings suggest that genetic variants in the FGFR2 and MAP3K1 genes may contribute to genetic susceptibility to BC. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Hospital Clinico San Borja Arriaran, University of Chile, Clinca Las Condes, National Cancer Society Corporacion Nacional del Cancer CONAC and Clinica Santa Maria
Type: Journal Article | Journal: BMC genetics | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous, non-coding, single-stranded RNAs capable of regulating gene expression by suppressing translation or degrading mRNAs. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) can alter miRNA expression, resulting in diverse functional consequences. Previous studies have examined the association of miRNA SNPs with breast cancer (BC) susceptibility. The contribution of miRNA gene variants to BC susceptibility in South American women had been unexplored. Our study evaluated the association of the SNPs rs895819 in pre-miR27a, rs11614913 in pre-miR-196a2, rs6505162 in pre-miR-423, rs4919510 in miR-608, and rs2682818 in pre-mir-618 with familial BC and early-onset non-familial BC in non-carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations from a South American population.We evaluated the association of five SNPs with BC risk in 440 cases and 807 controls. Our data do not support an association of rs11614913:C>T and rs4919510:C>G with BC risk. The rs6505162:C>A was significantly associated with increased risk of familial BC in persons with a strong family history of BC (OR=1.7 [95% CI 1.0-2.0] p=0.05). The rs2682818:C>A genotype C/A is associated with an increased BC risk in non-familial early-onset BC. For the rs895819:A>G polymorphism, the genotype G/G is significantly associated with reduced BC risk in families with a moderate history of BC (OR=0.3 [95% CI 0.1-0.8] p=0.01).The contribution of variant miRNA genes to BC in South American women had been unexplored. Our findings support the following conclusions: a) rs6505162:C>A in pre-miR-423 increases risk of familial BC in families with a strong history of BC; b) the C/A genotype at rs2682818:C>A (pre-miR-618) increases BC risk in non-familial early-onset BC; and c) the G/G genotype at rs895819:A>G (miR-27a) reduces BC risk in families with a moderate history of BC.

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