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Xing J.,National and Local United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Xing J.,Third Military Medical University | Xing J.,Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | Hou T.,National and Local United Engineering Laboratory of Tissue Engineering | And 20 more authors.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry | Year: 2014

Background/Aims: Human bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) are widely transplanted into inflammatory microenvironment to accelerate tissue regeneration. Transplanted hBMSCs recruit host hBMSCs through a poorly understood mechanism. This study was aimed to determine whether and how inflammatory microenvironment influenced the host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of transplanted hBMSCs. Methods: Pro-inflammatory factors, including IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, were utilized to mimic inflammatory microenvironment. hBMSCs were cultured and conditioned media (CM) were collected. The effects of inflammatory microenvironment on the host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of cultured hBMSCs were revealed by transwell migration assays. Employing semi-quantitative and quantitative cytokine antibody assays, we examined the secretory profile of cultured hBMSCs. Results: CM from cultured hBMSCs exerted excellent host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability, which was significantly promoted by exposure to inflammatory microenvironment. Within inflammatory microenvironment, hBMSCs secreted more chemokines related to cell migration. Finally, 21 cytokines were verified as potential factors accounting for the enhanced host-hBMSCs-recruiting capability of cultured hBMSCs exposed to inflammatory microenvironment. Conclusion: These results strongly suggested that in clinic, inflammatory microenvironment might promote the host-hBMSCs- recruiting capacity of transplanted hBMSCs by increasing chemokines secretion. Modulation of such characteristics of hBMSCs might provide novel therapeutic ideas in the context of hBMSCs. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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