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Washington, DC, United States

Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: PROGRAM EVALUATION | Award Amount: 1.41M | Year: 2015

The Board on Science Education at the National Research Council, in collaboration with the Board on Testing and Assessment and the Board on Higher Education and the Workforce, is convening a 12 member expert committee to develop a framework and set of indicators that can document the status and quality of undergraduate STEM education at both community colleges and 4-year institutions and be used to track improvements at the national level over multiple years. At present there is no comprehensive, national system for documenting important aspects of undergraduate STEM education nor is there an analytic framework for thinking about what indicators are needed to adequately document progress toward improvement. The committee will meet 6 times to gather information, deliberate on the evidence, and prepare a report. After the third meeting, an interim report will be made available for public comment. The final report will undergo rigorous peer review and be available in free PDF format. By identifying needed research and data sources, the study will enhance the information that is available to educators, researchers, and policy makers, thereby laying the foundation for a deeper understanding of the practices and conditions that contribute to successful postsecondary STEM education. The project will provide NSF, other federal agencies, private foundations and professional organizations with guidance on important indicators to track in gauging the status and quality of postsecondary STEM education.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: OCE SPECIAL PROGRAMS | Award Amount: 250.25K | Year: 2016

The requested funding will be used to continue providing guidance on major ocean-related science, engineering, and policy issues to the federal ocean agencies, including the National Science Foundation. The Ocean Studies Board (OSB) is the focal point within the NRC for ocean-related science, engineering, and policy issues. The board explores the science, policies, and infrastructure needed to understand, manage, protect, and restore coastal and marine environments and resources. The board exercises leadership within the ocean community by helping identify and communicate the needs of the field, responds to specific requests from government agencies and Congress, and oversees a variety a study projects related to ocean science and engineering and their impacts on policy. The operations of OSB are funded by a number of federal agencies, including the ONR, NOAA, USGS, and NASA.

Broader Impacts

The OSB strives to increase public awareness of ocean issues, to support ocean science education, and to enhance the dissemination and impact of OSB reports. The OSB also supports the recruitment of minorities into the earth sciences through participation in mentoring and fellowship programs. To further outreach and dissemination, The OSB provides report-in-briefs, a short summary (4-6 pages) of the key issues in reports; booklets on ocean themes (Ocean Science Series; Ocean Acidification, Scientific Ocean Drilling); and brief overviews of new reports and ongoing activities through the production of a biennial report.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: CLIMATE & LARGE-SCALE DYNAMICS | Award Amount: 475.00K | Year: 2015

The Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (BASC) provides a locus for National Research Council (NRC) activities on major atmosphere, weather, and climate-related science, engineering, and policy issues. BASC provides guidance to many federal agencies, offers a venue for advancing science and policy related to these topics, oversees development and oversight of ad hoc NRC studies on relevant subjects, and conducts outreach, education, and international engagement activities. The Board provides oversight to the NRC Committee to Advise the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) and serves as the US National Committee to the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP). It strives overall to help atmospheric science remain vibrant and have a broader impact on society.

This award provides support for the core functions of the Board for a three-year period. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) provide additional funds toward BASCs core operations and activities. This base level support is essential for enabling BASC to quickly respond to emerging needs from the sponsor community, draw attention to new issues identified by the scientific community, and engage broadly in the national and international discourse related to atmospheric and climate science. In addition it will enable the Board to hold two summer study workshops on topics of emerging interest.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: PROJECTS | Award Amount: 983.15K | Year: 2015

The Divisions of Chemistry (CHE) and Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and Transport Systems (CBET) fund this award to the National Academy of Sciences to support the core activities of both the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology (BCST) and the Chemical Sciences Roundtable (CSR). The results of BCST and CSR discussions and workshops are disseminated through workshop reports made available through professional societies, scientific and trade publications, and on the web.

The BCST has broad representation from academe and industry and uses its collective expertise to identify the needs of the community and to provide peer-reviewed consensus reports, workshops, and symposia, as broad outreach into the chemical community and beyond. The BCST enhances the impacts of the chemistry and chemical engineering communities by engaging in questions of importance to federal decision-makers. BCST members oversee a portfolio of ad hoc studies in three key areas of education, workforce, and research issues. Specific areas of consideration include: energy and sustainability, safety, and security. By raising issues impacting the conduct of chemistry and chemical engineering research with federal officials, BCST helps assure that the community of practitioners can remain at the forefront of knowledge.

The CSR provides an apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences and engineering, with the objective of enhancing understanding of issues that affect government, academic, national laboratory, and nonprofit sectors. CSR discussions provide a vehicle for interaction among the participants, and for education, exchange of information, and discussion of issues and trends that affect the chemical sciences. CSR engages leading scientists and engineers to identify and explore, through workshops, emerging topics of importance to the community of practitioners and beyond.


Grant
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: EFRI RESEARCH PROJECTS | Award Amount: 140.00K | Year: 2016

The Frontiers of Engineering (FOE) Symposia, organized by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), provide emerging engineering leaders from academia, industry, and government laboratories the opportunity to share research insights to facilitate an interdisciplinary transfer of knowledge and research methodologies. The nature of emerging technologies and how they fit together to create products and processes that drive economic growth in an increasingly competitive environment have heightened the need for engineers to understand each others disciplines and enhance the value in that interaction, particularly among those developing and using these new technologies. The symposia serve as a catalyst to spur engineering innovation and foster collaborative networks of researchers within the United States and between engineers from the United States and partnering countries.

This award provides partial support for three FOE Symposia, to be held in 2016, organized by the NAE for early career researchers: the 2016 Japan-America FOE Symposium (JAFOE) to be held on June 16-18, 2016, in Irvine, California; the 2016 U.S. FOE Symposium (USFOE) to be held on September 19-21, 2016, in Houston, Texas; and the 2016 European Union-U.S. FOE Symposium (EU-US FOE) to be held on October 17-19, 2016, in Helsinki, Finland. Each FOE symposium will focus on four topical areas. The four topics for the 2016 USFOE Symposium are scalable algorithms and software for high-fidelity graphics, technologies for eradicating cancer, water desalination and purification, and extreme engineering. The four topics for the 2016 JAFOE Symposium are advanced 3D printing; nanotechnology in energy generation, storage and efficiency; big data; and urban mobility efficiency. Finally, the four topics for the 2016 EU-US FOE Symposium are carbon capture, utilization, and storage; information and computer technologies for personal health; integrated photonics manufacturing; and intelligent transportation systems. About 100 outstanding young engineers for the US FOE Symposium and 30 from each country for the bilateral symposia will participate. Each two and one-half day symposium will include four formal sessions, technical tours, break-out sessions, and opportunities for developing collaborative research partnerships. Sessions will consist of presentations on cutting-edge research, innovations, and emerging research opportunities in engineering fields relevant to the symposium. Papers from the USFOE Symposium will be published in a volume available on the National Academies Press website at http://www.nap.edu.

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