Damnoen Saduak, Thailand
Damnoen Saduak, Thailand

Student nations or simply nations are regional corporations of students at a university. Once widespread across Europe in medieval times, they are now largely restricted to the ancient universities of Sweden and Finland. The students, who were all born within the same region, usually spoke the same language, and expected to be ruled by their own familiar law. The most similar comparison in the Anglo-world to the nation system is in the collegiate system of older British universities or fraternities at American universities; however, both of these comparisons are imperfect. In Portugal and Brazil, there are fraternities called Repúblicas, but this has nothing to do with the natio original concept of nations . Wikipedia.

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Wang S.-C.,Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology | Liu K.-Y.,Nation University | Huang J.-L.,Nation University
Thin Solid Films | Year: 2011

Inorganic-solid-state electrolyte tantalum oxide thin films were deposited by reactive DC magnetron sputtering to improve the leakage and deterioration of traditional liquid electrolytes in electrochromic devices. O2 at 1-20 sccm flow rates was used to deposit the tantalum oxide films with various compositions and microstructures. The results indicate that the tantalum oxide thin films were amorphous, near-stoichiometric, porous with a loose fibrous structure, and highly transparent. The maximum charge capacity was obtained at an oxygen flow rate of 3 sccm and 50 W. The transmission change of the Ta 2O5 film deposited on a WO3/ITO/glass substrate between colored and bleached states at a wavelength of 550 nm was 56.7%. The all-solid-state electrochromic device was fabricated as a multilayer structure of glass/ITO/WO3/Ta2O5/NiOx/ITO/ glass. The optical transmittance difference of the device increased with increasing applied voltage. The maximum change was 66.5% at an applied voltage of ± 5 V. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

The invention provides an evaluation method capable of objectively evaluating average visual perception for a comparatively long period of time when a subject looks through an eyeglass lens to be evaluated, time-dependent change in visual perception, and visual perception when looking with both eyes, and the invention provides a design method, and the invention provides a calculation method for calculating characteristics of visual perception of the subject when viewing an object through a lens. [Solution] A subject is allowed to wear a lens to be evaluated, the subject is allowed to induce brain activity by allowing the subject to view a changing visual stimulus object that induces periodic brain activity through the lens to be evaluated, a change in faint electric current caused by the brain activity is time-dependently recorded as a change in a magnetic field (magnetic flux density) by use of a magnetoencephalograph, one or more among an amplitude, a power value, and a phase in a frequency that is an inverse number of a period of the periodic brain activity is or are calculated through fast Fourier analysis of the waveform, and the lens to be evaluated and the characteristic of visual perception of the subject are evaluated based on a magnitude of an amplitude or of a power value obtained above or based on a slowness/fastness of a phase obtained above.

Cho H.-J.,Nation University | Chen Y.-K.,Nation University
Networks and Spatial Economics | Year: 2010

The Frank-Wolfe algorithm has been extensively adopted in recent decades to solve the user-equilibrium problem because of its simple structure and low memory requirements. However, Dial observed that the results obtained by the Frank-Wolfe algorithm differed markedly from the B algorithm of Dial in terms of link flows, and the results obtained via Frank-Wolfe algorithm could be incorrect. This study attempts to provide a clear example showing that the Frank-Wolfe algorithm has difficulty in achieving an ε-user equilibrium state when ε is sufficiently small. An Augmented Frank-Wolfe algorithm is presented that overcomes the weaknesses of the conventional arc-based Frank-Wolfe algorithm. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Yang C.J.,Nation University | Chen J.L.,Nation University
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2012

As is well known in biology, organisms adapt and evolve in response to their surrounding environments, a phenomenon similarly found in product development. Among the factors that may influence product changes include functional improvements, consumer habits, and the emergence of new technologies. Humans must develop products that impact the environment minimally to ensure sustainable living. This work presents a forecasting novel model to acquire innovative ideas more easily to design eco products, followed by evaluation of whether the new design is more effective than currently available ones in the concept design stage. The innovative approach to solving design problems is based on TRIZ evolution patterns, in which the index system of case-based reasoning connects the innovative idea to cases located in a database to accelerate the process. Finally, simple life cycle assessment is introduced to determine whether if the solution is better for the environment than the currently available ones. A novel eco-innovation concept for a cell phone is also presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lee S.,Nation University | Jang J.,Nation University | Seong S.C.,Nation University | Lee M.C.,Nation University
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy | Year: 2012

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the success rate of the distraction arthrodesis, which was attempted to maintain the limb length during arthrodesis using an intramedullary nail and mixed bone grafting, in terms of the eradication of infection, solid union, and functional outcome. The hypothesis was that distraction arthrodesis would be successful in union and elimination of infection with minimal limb shortening and a satisfactory functional outcome despite large bone defects. Methods: Eight patients were managed by arthrodesis using a Huckstep intramedullary nail and massive corticocancellous bone chip grafts from autologous iliac bone and deep-frozen femoral head allografts were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 65. 5 ± 7. 1 years, and the follow-up duration was 52. 1 ± 21. 3 months. A mean of 5. 3 ± 1. 3 surgical procedures had been performed before arthrodesis. The mean longest and shortest distances of the bone defect were 58. 6 ± 10. 3 and 34. 6 ± 7. 0 mm, respectively. Results: Radiological union was obtained in all cases at a mean of 9. 9 ± 1. 9 months. The mean postoperative limb shortening was 11. 0 ± 7. 3 mm when compared to the contralateral knee. The mean Knee Society score was 59. 9 ± 9. 2, and the function score was 38. 8 ± 13. 3. No additional procedures were required for any of the patients. Conclusion: Distraction arthrodesis of infected knees following total knee arthroplasty demonstrated union and eradication of infection in all patients and a large tibiofemoral gap due to the severe bone defect could be managed with massive bone chip grafts. This method of arthrodesis would be a reliable and an effective method for failed total knee arthroplasty when two-staged reimplantation fails or is not attainable. Level of Evidence: Study of case series with no comparison group, Level IV. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

A computer-implemented method for distilling a malware program in a system is disclosed. The computer-implemented method includes steps of receiving a known malware program sample; providing a benign program containing a first instruction set associated with a security; extracting the instruction set; tracing a program segment associated with the instruction set from the benign program using a plurality of data flow pathways; slicing the program segment into a plurality of independent data flow elements; identifying a partial program having elements identical to the plurality of independent data flow elements from the known malware program sample; and removing the partial program from the known malware program sample to distill the malware program.

Nation University | Date: 2013-11-27

A series of ladder-type multifused arenes (hexacyclic, heptacyclic and nonacyclic units) and the synthesizing methods thereof are provided. The ladder-type multifused arenes are copolymerized with various electron-deficient acceptor units to afford various p-type low-band gap conjugated copolymers.

Nation University | Date: 2011-10-26

A chemical mechanical polishing method is provided. The chemical mechanical polishing method includes steps of providing a plurality of semiconductor elements to be polished, obtaining a respective dimension of the each semiconductor element to be polished, and polishing the each semiconductor element according to the respective dimension thereof.

A discontinuous capillary coating device is disclosed. At least one capillary tube is filled with a coating material. At least one flexible member is disposed in the capillary tube and is immersed in the coating material. The flexible member extends to the exterior of the capillary tube, guiding and outputting the coating material. At least one coating substrate receives a liquid coating film from the coating material via the flexible member. At least one capillary tube holder holds the capillary tube, guiding movement of the capillary tube. At least one traversing mechanism drives the capillary tube holder or coating substrate to move.

Nation University | Date: 2012-06-25

A series of ladder-type multifused arenes (hexacyclic, heptacyclic and nonacyclic units) and the synthesizing methods thereof are provided. The ladder-type multifused arenes are copolymerized with various electron-deficient acceptor units to afford various p-type low-band gap conjugated copolymers.

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