Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum

Michalovce, Serbia

Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum

Michalovce, Serbia

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE.2010.2.4-01 | Award Amount: 3.49M | Year: 2012

The general objectives of PROMISE are: PROMISE strives for multidimensional networking thus fostering integration The primary strategic objective of PROMISE is to improve and increase the integration, collaboration and knowledge transfer between the new member states, old member states (EU15) and candidate countries through a collaborative workplan of exchange of expertise and regional training and dissemination actions, to tackle common food safety threats. PROMISE strives for sustainability through involvement of risk communicators A further strategic objective is to integrate stakeholders like public health authorities and national food safety authorities from the old and new member countries in order to ensure the exploitation of research results into standardisation and harmonisation efforts. PROMISE will enhance the knowledge on pathogen transmission While legal imports are well monitored for contamination and alerts are registered through the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF; http://www.efet.gr/docs/rasff/report2008_en.pdf) notification systems, gates into the EU-27 could exist where food supply chains are not controllled. These uncontrolled imports present the risk that new strains of traditional pathogens will be transferred from third countries into the European Union. Analysing, assessing and interpreting this risk of introducing new strains of pathogens is one of the main objectives of PROMISE.


The proposed integrating project LOWINPUTBREEDS aims to develop integrated LIVESTOCK BREEDING and MANAGEMENT strategies to improve ANIMAL HEALTH, product QUALITY and PERFORMANCE in European organic and low input milk, meat and egg production through research, dissemination and training activities. The consortium includes 11 academic centres of excellence and 6 genetics/breeding companies (4 SMEs) in 11 European, 2 ICPC and 2 industrialised third countries. The proposed project has 4 main Science and Technology OBJECTIVES: 1. To DEVELOP and evaluate INNOVATIVE BREEDING CONCEPTS, including (a) genome wide and (b) marker assisted selection, and (c) cross-, (d) flower- and (e) farmer participatory breeding strategies, which will deliver genotypes with robustness and quality traits required under low input conditions. The project will focus on 5 LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS (dairy cows, dairy and meat sheep, pigs and laying hens) and design SPECIES-SPECIFIC BREEDING STRATEGIES for different macroclimatic regions in Europe. 2. To INTEGRATE the use of IMPROVED GENOTYPES with INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT approaches including improved diets, feeding regimes and rearing systems. This will focus on issues (e.g. mastitis and parasite control, animal welfare problems) where breeding or management innovations alone are unlikely to provide satisfactory solutions. 3. To IDENTIFY potential ECONOMIC, ENVIRONMENTAL, GENETIC DIVERSITY and ETHICAL IMPACTS of project deliverables to ensure they conform to different societal priorities and consumer demands/expectations and are acceptable to producers. 4. To ESTABLISH an efficient TRAINING and DISSEMINATION programme aimed at rapid exploitation and application of project deliverables by the organic and low input livestock industry.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.1.5-4 | Award Amount: 4.59M | Year: 2013

Securing the food chains from primary production to consumer ready food against major deliberate, accidental or natural CBRN contaminations stands in close context with the safety of food products. SPICED objectives are to characterize the heterogeneous matrices of spices and herbs and their respective intra- as well as interplant production and supply chains in context with relevant biological and chemical hazards that can lead to major deliberate, accidental or natural contaminations in the food supply chain, to improve the knowledge about biological hazards properties and on-site and high throughput diagnostic methods for appropriate detection, to reduce (industrial) chemical adulterations and to ensure authenticity of spices and herbs by evaluation and improvement of non-targeted fingerprinting methods, and to improve alerting, reporting and decontamination systems as well as techniques to ensure prevention and response on high quality level. The consortium will evaluate the most important spices and herbs that can cause or be used for natural, accidental or deliberate contaminations, depending on e.g. the amount produced, consumed and frequency of natural or accidental contaminations. SPICED will focus on pathogen agents based on e.g. frequency of natural occurrence, possible impact on human health, and relevance for food terrorism. SPICED has been planned for 36 months and brings together experts and scientists from 11 different partners. The spice and herbs primary production and supply chain is very heterogeneous since most of the condiments are imported from non-European countries. The consortium of SPICED reflects the major players of the European spice market from major importer (Germany) over major re-exporter (Netherlands) to the main European paprika producing country (Hungary). SPICED will provide several materials for advice ranging from brochures and other supporting documents to workshops for scientific researchers.


Toth S.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Rysak W.,LODR Lubelski Osrodek Doradztwa Rolniczego w Konskowoli | Soltysova B.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Karahuta J.,R.Ø.S.A.
Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske | Year: 2015

This work evaluates the results of direct effect of HUMAC Agro on yield and sugar content of sugar beet as well as on selected soil properties in a field trial established in soil-climatic conditions of south Poland in 2013 (vegetation season: average air temperature 16.0˚C, total precipitations 261 mm). Soil conditioner HUMAC Agro was applied to middle heavy pseudopodzolic soil in early spring of 2013 in two dosages: 500 kg ha-1 in case of Variant 1 (V1) and 250 kg ha-1 in case of Variant 2 (V2); it was not applied in case of Variant 3 (V3). Nitrogen fertilization according to Variants: 60.3 kg ha-1 N for V1, 94.8 kg ha-1 N for both V2 and V3. Doses of phosphorus, potassium and sulphur were the same for all Variants. V1 achieved the highest sugar beet yield 95.97 t ha-1 with sugar content 18.12% which meant the highest sugar yield 17.39 t ha-1(+29.6% more than control treatment). V2 achieved sugar beet yield 86.39 t ha-1 with the lowest sugar content 17.65% and sugar yield 15.25 t ha-1 (+13.6% more than control treatment). The control treatment achieved the lowest sugar beet yield 72.81 t ha-1with the highest sugar content 18.43% and the lowest sugar yield 13.42 t ha-1. Soil conditioner HUMAC Agro also influenced soil properties. After the application of 500 kg ha-1 HUMAC Agro the humus content in soil and its pH increased (due to buffering effect) as well as contents of the available forms of all observed nutrients (P, K, Mg, B, Mn, Cu, Zn and Fe) in spite of higher sugar beet yield and thus higher nutrient uptake compared to the control treatment. The mentioned soil properties increase applied also when compared to the state in the beginning. The higher humus content may be caused by the increased yields (besides the conditioner humic acids input), due to higher formation of root mass, which remains in the soil after harvesting the crop. Conversely, higher content of available forms of solved nutrients in the soil usually correlates with their lower consumption and lower harvest. Higher nutrient uptake by higher yields and higher soil nutrients content at the same time is a desirable effect of soil conditioners that prevent leaching of mobile nutrients and increase the accessibility of nutrients from their unavailable forms in the soil. The mentioned desirable effect is not obvious in any soil and climatic conditions, so it is therefore necessary to quantify the effect of soil conditioners on the soil properties by laboratory analyses especially to prevent a decline in nutrients due to increased yields. The values of monitored soil parameters for the control variant compared to their initial state showed decrease with the exception of Mn and Fe contents. © 2015, Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske. All rights reserved.


Toth S.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Sikora V.,Institute za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo Novi Sad
Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske | Year: 2016

The paper describes the biological properties and agronomic efforts of herbicide weed management possibilities of important cocklebur species found in Slovakia. These include the common cocklebur Xanthium strumarium L. as well as hunter burr Xanthium riparium Itz. et Her. em. Lasch. both are widely spread species occurring mainly on arable land especially in row crops; the third one prickly burweed Xanthium spinosum L. is still rare and mainly occures in meadows and pastures – all three are poisonout species with an increasing importance mostly in southern regions of the country where sugar beet is planted as well. © 2016, Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske. All rights reserved.


Vilcek J.,Narodne Polnohospodarske a Potravinarske Centrum | Vilcek J.,University of Prešov
Geograficky Casopis | Year: 2014

This work presents information on rating and financial evaluation of environmental soil potential indexes (ESPI). These indexes enable identification of relatively homogenous spatial units with the specific soil capacity to provide for its individual environmental functions. The ESPI four-digit code expresses the degree of capacity of the soil to accumulate water, to immobilize the risk elements and substances and to transform risk substances (organic pollutants). In agricultural soils of Slovakia 493 combinations of environmental soil potential index were found. Each index is expressed through rating (point) value and financial value. The average value of the Slovak agricultural land to provide for selected ecological soil functions is 55.3 points, which in financial expression represent 35.946 billion € for agricultural land or approximately 1.42 € per square metre. © Geografický ústav SAV / Institute of Geography SAS.


Toth S.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Sikora V.,Institute za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo Novi Sad | Kovalova L.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Harcar M.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum | Porvaz P.,Narodne polnohospodarske a potravinarske centrum
Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske | Year: 2015

This paper describes the biological properties of wild hemp Cannabis ruderalis Janisch, an original weed species under Central-European climatic conditions of South and East Slovakia, with the potential of high economic importance especially concerning some localities of the country where sugar beet is grown. It also outlines the specifics for agronomical and herbicidal management of sugar beet stands against the weed, these procedures improve the herbicides efficiency based on 2–3 times repeated or divided application of mixed herbicides based on phenmedipham, desmedipham, ethofumesate and chloridazon until the hemp plants have 2–4 leaves, respectively their efficiency can be improved by further mixtures with triflusulfuron-methyl or metamitron, which is effective also when used on its own preemergently or postemergently. The paper also describes the sensitivity of wild hemp to many other herbicides commonly used in the protection of field crops stands cultivated in Slovakia as fore crop or after crop of sugar beet. © 2015, Listy Cukrovarnicke a Reparske.All Rights Reserved.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: BBI-IA-FLAG | Phase: BBI.VC1.F1 | Award Amount: 30.12M | Year: 2016

The BIOSKOH project will pave the way for a Second Generation European Circular Bioeconomy by showcasing how a number Innovation Stepping Stones can realise a breakthrough in techno-economic viability of lignocellulosic biorefineries. It will do so through a two stage investment process and development path to realise the largest (110 kton) second generation (2G) biorefinery in Europe. It starts from a brownfield industrial site in the eastern part of the Slovak Republic to realise the 1st stage Flagship plant to produce 55 kton of cellulosic ethanol per year for EU bio-fuel mandates. Partners include the full value chain starting from land owners and feedstock producers, supply chain experts and an agronomical research partner to set-up a new biomass value chain exploiting large amounts of currently unused crop residues (kton/year), and developing newly grown dedicated crops on marginal land (total circa 320 kton/year), as such revitalising the regional economy. Technology providers (Biochemtex, Novozymes and Lesaffre) developed, tested and demonstrated in the only available semi-industrial scale 2G biorefinery research plant (Crescentino), an innovative integrated pre-treatment, hydrolyses and fermentation package, with higher yield and lower CAPEX which will now be upscaled to the 1st of a kind commercial scale Flagship, to be built by Energochemica. Aim is to showcase techno-economic viability based on a sound business plan and 4 stepping stones (yield, biomass cost, brownfield and industrial symbiosis). Dedicated innovation actions by expert partners include assessing increased cascading potential through lignin valorisation and 2G bio-chemicals, LCA, Socio-economic impact analyses, business plan for a 2nd investment round, exploitation, dissemination and replication actions to various bio-economy clusters in Europe, thus giving both a short term and a long term contribution to the European Industrial Renaissance and bio-economy.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC2-Presidency-2016 | Award Amount: 145.00K | Year: 2016

The main objective of the project is to organize the international conference Bratislava Bioeconomy Conference 2016 during the presidency of the Slovak Republic in the second half of 2016, disseminate its outcomes and to prepare the discussions for the Agriculture and Competitiveness Council meetings based on the outcomes of the conference. The aim of the conference is to discuss with national and regional stakeholders the new bioeconomy context for the agriculture, forestry and fisheries, the role of research and innovation to overcome the big societal challenges ahead of us and also to identify the barriers in the regions in adapting the bioeconomy strategy. The proposed Slovak Presidency 2016 Bratislava Bioeconomy conference will provide an occasion to have high-level discussions on sustainable bioeconomy, strategies and actions. The aim is to create a programme that will provide a forum for stakeholder across the whole bioeconomy value chain to discuss the progress of the bioeconomy. The conference will not provide just a summary of the current state of matters, but will be forward looking by creating new policy ideas, catalysing joint initiatives and research and searching synergies among existing actions, projects and initiatives. The programme will be carried by top-level speakers from various fields, academia, and business and the concept and first draft of the conference programme was created by group of national and international experts, representatives of stakeholders and representatives of public institutions. Attention will be paid to post conference activities including policy seminars and policy briefings in order to achieve better implementation of the bioeconomy strategy in European regions.

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