Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 2.59M | Year: 2010
IN2WOOD deals with the challenges of a sustainable European forest management and tackles crucial questions in the RTD environment of the forest-based sector. Wood shall be further established as one of the main renewable resources and the added value of forest in terms of economic and innovative value and quality of life shall be further improved. Aiming at the promotion of crosscutting research on these values, forest clusters of 6 European regions Styria (Austria), North-Rhine Westfalia (Germany), South Tyrol (Italy), Banska Bystrica (Slovakia), Grisons (Switzerland), and Carpathia (Ukraine) - have joined forces to elaborate a Joint Action Plan for the future coordination and strengthening of their complementary RTD potentials. The project aims at 5 general objectives for forest sector development: (1) to enhance Wood Production, (2) to strengthen Technological Innovation Systems, (3) to develop Competence Awareness, (4) to optimize Logistics, (5) to build up Information Systems. The Joint Action Plan, delivered at mid-term of the 3-year project, collects sets of regionally adopted, coordinated strategies for future collaborative RTD-activities in these 5 thematic fields. Measures towards the implementation of the JAP will be taken in phase II in the form of pilot concepts, which define specific partnerships, plans and funding schemes for innovative follow-up projects. IN2WOOD builds upon existing bilateral cooperation between regions, sharpens their complementarities and promotes further synergies. Fostering stronger networking, knowledge exchange and cluster formation among stakeholders within and between the partner regions, the projects mentoring also reaches out to important forest regions in South Eastern Europe, where the consortium will strengthen existing links and initiate new partnerships. The project thus supports the further development and internationalisation of regional research-driven clusters in the European forest sector.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: REGIONS-2009-1 | Award Amount: 3.59M | Year: 2009
The BIOCLUS objective is to boost the regional competitiveness and growth in five European cluster regions: Wielkopolska (Poland), Slovakia, Western Macedonia (Greece), Navarre (Spain) and Central Finland. The project promotes collaboration and integration and supports the sustainable development of research related communities by Promoting expertise competence at the cluster and consortium level Developing collaboration capabilities within each cluster and at the consortium level Improving business environment innovation through mutual learning and mentoring The BIOCLUS clusters are located in rural regions and all possess great biomass resources such as forests, industrial and agricultural by-products, field crops and municipal wastes. The biomasses are challenging raw material and utilisation chains require special technical and practical competence and applications. However, the global trend is that renewable resources should replace non-renewable ones and resource use should be efficient and sustainable. Therefore, the clusters aim to improve the RTD activities and innovation system development. Furthermore, biomass related activities can not be totally outsourced. This means that biomass resources offer great possibility to BIOCLUS regions in promoting regional prosperity in economical and social terms. The project implementation is supported by advantageous Quality Management system and proper Communication Management. Besides, it is ensured with appropriate Conflict Management and Risk Management. In the areas of expertise and experience with biomass related activities and innovation system development, the Dissemination Strategy ensures proper interaction and information dissemination with stakeholders and the public.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.2-07 | Award Amount: 3.80M | Year: 2012
The sustainable provision of ecosystem services (ES) in and from mountain regions is of crucial importance to an array of stakeholders and society in general, going much beyond the interests of particular landowners in the mountain regions themselves. Mountain ecosystems can only continue to provide all these services in a rapidly changing world if a wide array of ES is considered in forest management at local, landscape and regional scales (multi-functionality). The project builds on seven case study regions in major mountain ranges throughout Europe covering a wide range of forest types, socio-economic conditions and cultural contexts and seeks to develop and evaluate strategies for their multifunctional management considering risks and uncertainty due to changing climatic and socio-economic conditions. The project addresses four main ES: timber production, protection against gravitational natural hazards, the role of forests in climate change mitigation via carbon sequestration as well as bioenergy production, and nature conservation and the maintenance of biodiversity. Non-timber forest products, recreation as well as use of forested landscapes by game and livestock species will be dealt with as well. To analyse conflicts and complementarities among ES from stand to landscape scales, improved models for the assessment and projection of ecosystem services as well as novel planning and decision support tools will be developed together with SMEs and applied in the case study regions. Stakeholder panels in all study regions will inform research activities and contribute to the development of improved mountain forest management approaches. SME partners play a key role in the development of new planning tools. Ultimately, ARANGE will translate project findings on the efficient provision of multiple ES from mountain forests into decision support for policy makers and forest practitioners, so as to improve the robustness of planning tools in real-world decision making.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ISIB-04a-2014 | Award Amount: 5.00M | Year: 2015
Europes bioeconomy is expected to foster economic growth and to tackle significant societal challenges with less harmful environmental effects through innovative, sustainable and inclusive use of European forest resources. Increasing demand for biomass and other ecosystem goods and services calls for changes in forest-related policies at different levels and across different sectors. Accordingly, the recent Forest Strategy provides clear signals towards the need for harmonised information for mapping and assessing the dynamic state of forest ecosystems and their services. Building upon scientific advances in COST E4, 39, 43, USEWOOD, FORSYS, ORCHESTRA; the networks ENFIN, EFFIS, SOSIN; the FP7 EUFODOS, S2BIOM, INTEGRAL, SIMWOOD, FIRE PARADOX the project DIABOLO aims to: i) strengthen the methodological framework towards more accurate, harmonised and timely forest information, e.g. on growing stock and stock changes, biomass, carbon, NWFP; enable the analysis of sustainable biomass supply derived from multipurpose and multisource national forest inventories; and facilitate near real-time forest disturbance monitoring, e.g. on forest fires, storm, drought, insect outbreaks; ii) support EU policy processes, international reporting obligations, forest administration and forest planning entities with new methodologies and EU-wide consistent forest information; iii) make innovative use of existing field-collected data and EC space-based applications of EO and satellite positioning systems with reference to INSPIRE and GEOSS, and global monitoring systems such as REDD\, FLEGT and UNFF. To deliver high impact, beyond state-of-the-art work within the ecological and socio-economic diversity in Europe, the trans-disciplinary DIABOLO involves experts in quantitative modelling, policy science and NFIs, from 26 European countries, committed to provide new methodologies and information for various end-uses, including EFDAC (FISE) at JRC, GLOBIOM at IIASA and work at FAO/UNECE.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2007.5.1.1.1. | Award Amount: 3.20M | Year: 2009
National Contact Points (NCPs) hold a key role in communication with the European Commission concerning executive matters and the scientific community. The quality of proposals submitted, for example, relies partially on an effective NCP network. This project is a set of coherent activities and tasks that will foster further cooperation between Environment NCPs from EU member States and Associated States. The main goal is to improve the services NCPs offer to potential proposers; within this goal, the integration of Environment NCPs from high potential International Cooperation Countries where NCP or similar networks for dissemination of information on FP7 exist will also be supported. The main outcomes will be: a) strengthened cooperation between NCPs across Europe by setting up new and effective means of communication, b) increased quality of services offered by NCPs to proposers with the aim to increase the number and quality of project proposals submitted in response to FP7 calls for proposal and c) integration of other non-EU NCPs into the EU NCP network in order to increase mutually beneficial research and technological development between Europe and International Partners Cooperation Countries.
Energetic characteristics green chips made of branches of wood species Populus x euroamericana clone Koltay grown on plantations [Energetické vlastnosti zelenej štiepky vyrobenej z konároviny plantážnicky pestovanej dreviny Populus x euroamericana klon Koltay]
Dzurenda L.,Technical University In Zvolen |
Bartko M.,Narodne lesnicke centrum |
Ridzik L.,Technical University In Zvolen
Acta Facultatis Xylologiae | Year: 2012
In this contribution, there are presented the results of determination of energetic characteristics of green chips of wood species Populus x euroamericana clone Koltay such as: rate of bark in chips, elementary chemical composition of chip combustible, volume of ashes in dry mass of bio-fuel and lower heating value of bio-fuel in dry state. Green chips made of branches of wood species grown on plantations: Populus x euroamericana clone Koltay consists of juvenile wood and juvenile bark. The rate of juvenile bark in analysed green chips XK = 44.80 ± 1.30 %. The combustible of green chips does not differ from the chemical composition of combustible of fuel wood of wood species Populus tremuloides Michx except for the values of nitrogen - endothermic component of combustible. The amount of nitrogen in the combustible of green chips, with value of N = 0.48 % is 2.64 times higher than the amount of nitrogen in combustible of fuel wood of wood species Populus tremuloides Michx. This fact demonstrates itself, from the environmental aspect, in an increased production of emission - fuel nitrogen oxides NOx. The volume of ashes from green chips produced from branches of trees of fast growing wood species: Populus x euroamericana clone Koltay, determined by form of weighted mean of the content of ash in juvenile wood, juvenile bark and the rate of bark in chips is Ad = 3.36 %, which is a 5 to 7 times higher value, than the value of volume of ash from broad-leaved wood species. The lower heating value of subjected chips in dry state is Qn = 16 861 kJ·kg-1. This value is, in comparison with the lower heating value of wood of broad-leaved wood species shown in EN 14 961 Solid bio-fuels - Specification and classes of fuels, lower by 8.8 %.
Machansky M.,Narodne Lesnicke Centrum
Forestry Journal | Year: 2014
The paper analyses the implementation of the growing stock estimation methods in the forests of Slovakia between the years 2001 and 2010. The analysis focuses on mature stands with primary timber production function in more detail. The share of more accurate and costly methods has been continuously decreasing; and since 1993 yield tables have become the most prevalent methods of estimation used in mature stands are. After more than 20 years of their implementation it is important to verify the accuracy of their application, the accuracy of the provided input variables and the methodology behind the growing stock estimation. The paper identifies the cases of their incorrect application, and the risks associated with the quantification of input data, and proposes the measures for their elimination. It stresses the importance of inspection of monitoring the quality of Forest Stewardship Programmes which operates as a specialised task since 2008. Since that time, a positive trend has been observed in mature stands of timber production forests in which mathematical-statistical sampling methods are gaining on importance. © 2014, WDG. All rights reserved.
Machansky M.,Narodne Lesnicke Centrum
Forestry Journal | Year: 2013
The contribution deals with the challenges forest planning in Slovakia faces under changing socioeconomic conditions. It theoretically defines a strategic, tactical and operational level of forest planning and their content including the proposal of a range of outputs for forestry practice. It identifies weaknesses of current forest planning whilst focusing on unclear formulation of objectives and strategies used in framework planning and their projection into practice through tactical programmes. Owing to lower importance of detail in forest planning it proposes instead to concentrate on strategic and strategic-tactical planning and development of programmes for forest regions and forest estates.
Malis F.,Narodne lesnicke centrum
Zpravy Lesnickeho Vyzkumu | Year: 2011
The objective of this study is the vegetation dynamics of oak (Quercus petraea agg.) dominated forests in the Pol'ana volcanic massif. Changes in species composition were investigated using two sets of phytosociological releves sampled on the same plots in two periods: 1963-1964 and 2005. However, overall canopy openness increased, mostly light-demanding species decreased. It was caused by occupation of lower tree layers by shade tolerant tree species with dense crown such as Vagus sylvatica and Carpinus betulus. Despite of these local shading effects many canopy gaps still remain with numerous occurrence of heliophytes. The overall diversity of oak forests declined, probably due to the elimination of human caused activities such grazing or raking of litter.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: SGA-CSA | Phase: WIDESPREAD-1-2014 | Award Amount: 467.44K | Year: 2015
The general objectives of the project is to create the Centre of excellence (LignoSilva) in the field of a forestry, wood-processing and a pulp-paper complex involving two major organizations, the National Forest Centre in Zvolen and Pulp and Paper Research Institute in Bratislava in cooperation with the European Forest Institute as a leading research organisations from high performance countries of the EU. LignoSilva will help to strategically transform Forest-based sector of the region towards the innovation growth based on the knowledge economy (in terms of RIS 3 SK vision) and the implementation of the principles of Green Economy. LignoSilva will represent the Centre of excellence that integrates research, development and innovation potential of a Forest-based industry that rationally links the chain of wood production, processing and utilisation. Project covers 4 interlinked priority areas: 1. Forest resources and sustainable wood production 2. Biomass and bioenergy 3. Paper-pulp technologies 4. Recycling and cascading system of wood and wood products use The intention of the project partners is to establish an autonomous entity by grouping a number of existing facilities into one cluster. CSA and FPA will be directed so that the newly established CE can benefit from massive past investments whilst bringing more dynamics into the forest based industry in Slovakia The CE will benefit from European Forest Institute and its network participation. EFI with its member is in a unique position to provide collective science-based insights at European and regional level to support informed policy making. Concerning LignoSilva EFIs Research function aims to (i) Conduct and promote interdisciplinary and cross-sector research of Forest-based industry and (ii) Support the coordination, strengthening and networking of forest research capacities aiming to overcome the fragmentation and low performance of FBI in Slovakia.