Time filter

Source Type

Bhubaneshwar, India

Mahendran A.,Narmada Control Authority | Kumar V.,Narmada Control Authority | Ahmad A.,Narmada Control Authority
Water and Energy International

Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Project (SSP) is an inter-state multi-purpose joint venture of four Indian States namely; Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh (M.P.), Maharashtra and Rajasthan. The project envisages construction of 125 m high concrete gravity dam with Full Reservoir Level (FRL) 138.68 m across river Narmada near Navagam village in Narmada district of Gujarat State. The present spillway of the dam been constructed up to EL 121.92 m. Construction of storage dam will submerge 37533 ha of land and will result in displacement of 46749families of 244 villages in the States of Gujarat (19 villages), Madhya Pradesh (192 villages), and Maharashtra (33 villages). The present cost of the project Rs.392400 million at 2008-09 price level. The paper highlights in detail the impacts of project on displacement, land acquisition and resettlement and resettlement issues. It deals with policies and strategies evolved first time in the country for human rehabilitation & resettlement (R&R). The R&R policies adopted in this project in reservoir submergence provides for measures some of which are over and above the Award of Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) which is primarily for resolving water sharing problems between four party States. The land acquisition has been accomplished by the concerned State Governments by 2005. The rehabilitation of the Project Affected Families (PAFs) is being carried out keeping in view the protection of their economical, ecological, ethnological and socio-cultural environment to which these families are accustomed. The implementation of R&R policies and programmes has resulted in resettlement of 46498 PAFs (99%) in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra upto FRL. The Grievance Redressal Authorities (GRAs) in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra headed by former Hon’ble Judges of Supreme Court/High Courts are playing important role in providing a forum to the PAFs for getting redressed their grievances related to R&R. The monitoring &evaluation (M&E) of implementation of R&R programmes are being ensured by R&R Sub-group chaired by the Secretary to Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Task Force of NCA, rehabilitation officials of NCA and independent social science agencies. The participation of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), local people and affected persons especially women and youth have also been ensured in implementation of rehabilitation programmes for ensuring sustainable rehabilitation in the Narmada basin. © Central Board of Irrigation and Power. All rights reserved. Source

Discover hidden collaborations