Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Faizabad, India

Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology is an agricultural university at Faizabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is in the small town of Milkipur Constituency known as Kumarganj. Wikipedia.

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Singh Y.,Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology | Singh V.P.,Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology | Singh G.,Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology | Yadav D.S.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | And 3 more authors.
Field Crops Research | Year: 2011

The implications of adopting alternative seeding methods for rice and wheat establishment were examined at three geographically separate sites in the rice-wheat system of the Indo-Gangetic plains, across northern India. Rice yields in cultivated plots, established by either wet or dry seeding methods, were evaluated in comparison to yields from zero-tillage plots and under conventional transplanting methods. In the same trials, the effects of crop establishment methods in wheat were assessed both on wheat yields and rice yields. Rice crop establishment methods markedly influenced the emerging weed flora and attainable yields were measured in relation to intensity of weed management. Over four years, average rice grain yields in the absence of weed competition were greatest (6.56tha-1) under wet seeding (sowing pre-germinated rice seed on puddled soil), and similar to those from transplanted rice (6.17tha-1) into puddled soil, and dry seeded rice after dry soil tillage (6.15tha-1). Lowest yields were observed from dry seeded rice sown without tillage (5.44tha-1). Rice yield losses due to uncontrolled weed growth were least in transplanted rice (12%) but otherwise large (c. 85%) where rice had been sown to dry cultivated fields or to puddled soil, rising to 98% in dry seeded rice sown without soil tillage. Weed competition reduced multiple rice yield components, and weed biomass in wet seeded rice was six-fold greater that in rice transplanted into puddled soil and twice as much again in dry seeded rice sown either after dry tillage or without tillage. Wheat grain yields were significantly higher from crops sown into tilled soil (3.89tha-1) than those sown without tillage (3.51tha-1), and also were elevated (5% on average) where the soil had been dry cultivated in preparation for the previous rice crops rather than puddled. The method of wheat cultivation did not influence rice yield. Soil infiltration rates in the wheat season were least where the land had been puddled for rice (1.52mmh-1), and greater where the soil had been dry-tilled (2.63mmh-1) and greatest after zero-tillage (3.54mmh-1).These studies demonstrated at research managed sites across a wide geographic area, and on farmers' fields, that yields of dry seeded rice sown after dry cultivation of soil were broadly comparable with those of transplanted rice, providing weed competition was absent. These results support the proposition that direct seeding of rice could provide an alternative to the conventional practice of transplanting, and help address rising costs and threats to sustainability in the rice-wheat rotation. Further, analysis of patterns of long-term rainfall data indicated that farmers reliant on monsoon rainfall could prepare fields for dry direct seeded rice some 30 days before they could prepare fields for either transplanting or seeding with pre-germinated seed. Dry, direct seeding of rice contributes a valuable component of an adaptive strategy to address monsoonal variability that also may advance the time of wheat establishment and yield. Whilst the results illustrate the robustness, feasibility and significant potential of direct seeded rice, they also highlight the critical nature of effective weed control in successful implementation of direct seeding systems for rice. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Pandey P.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Tiwari D.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Pandey V.R.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Yadav S.,Jawahar Lal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Australian Journal of Crop Science | Year: 2014

To recognize proper parents for hybrid pigeonpea inheritance pattern of some polygenic traits was studied. The results showed that estimates of SCA variance were higher than their corresponding GCA variance for all the traits except plant height. The values of average degree of dominance were more than unity (>1) and predictability ratio was less than unity (<1) for all the traits except plant height, signifying non-additive gene action which resulted from dominance, over dominance, epistatic and various other interaction effects. Predominance of non-additive effects specifies that population is heterozygous, as such this type of genetic variance is non-fixable. Hence, heterosis breeding is effective for increasing yield potential of pigeonpea. On the basis of general combining ability, the male lines ICP 2309, NDA 2, NDA 3, NDA 96-6, NDA 98-6 and, ICP 2155 and CMS line NDACMS 1-6A were found most promising parents for yield and its major attributes. The crosses, NDACMS 1-4A x NDA GC 31, NDACMS 1-6A x NDA 5-14, NDACMS 1-6A x NDA 8-6, NDACMS 1-4A x IPA 208, NDACMS 1-3A x NDA 98-6, NDACMS 1-4A x Bahar, NDACMS 1-6A x NDA 96-1, NDACMS 1-4A x Amar had high estimates for parents and good specific combining ability effects, hence, it may be considered for hybrid breeding programme.

Srivastava P.,Allahabad University | Marker S.,Allahabad University | Pandey P.,Allahabad University | Tiwari D.K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences | Year: 2011

Sodium azide induced polygenic variably was studied on promising wheat variety HD-2733 in two subsequent cropping seasons during 2007-2009. For chemical treatment, 100 genetically pure seeds were soaked in distilled water for 6 h, blotted dry and treated with freshly prepared mutagenic solution of 0.02, 0.04% and 0.06% concentration In laboratory germination, root length and shoot length was observed. Among the different concentration of sodium azide, the highest germination was recorded at control (99.55%) followed by 0.02% concentration (97.11%), 0.04% concentration (95.55%) and lowest at 0.06% concentration (85.77%). Higher concentration of sodium azide reduces the germination percentage, root length and shoot length; however, at low concentration it was at par with control. The magnitude of genotypic and phenotypic variability, heritability and genetic gain for various polygenic traits were also decreases with the increases in concentration of sodium azide. However, yield attributing characters showed both positive and negative shift in mean than those of control. Some of the mutant lines (eight progeny for earliness, one for plant height, three for spike length and grain yield each, two for tillering and four for test weight) were found desirable. These lines were either comparable to or better than control for yield and its components. It is concluded that sodium azide with 0.02% concentration appear to be the most effective mutagenic treatment for induction of micro-mutation in yield component traits and selection in M 2 populations of these treatment would be effective in rectification of simply inherited morphological deficiencies and bringing out lines with yield improvement. © 2011 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Ali A.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Singh B.P.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Journal of Applied Horticulture | Year: 2015

The cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.), a quick growing herbaceous crop, leaves behind a good amount of crop residue in the field after fruit harvest that can be utilized as organic source of plant nutrient supply to next crop to be cultivated. In present investigation, crop residue of cape gooseberry grown in sodic soil of Eastern Uttar Pradesh (India) at three planting density (S1 - 75 × 60 cm, S2 - 75 × 75 cm and S3 - 90 × 75 cm) and four levels of NPK fertilizers (F0 - without fertilizers, F1 - 60:40:40, F2 - 80:60:60 and F3 - 100:80:80 NPK kg ha1) was estimated. Soil properties were also studied before and after cropping seasons. Mean data of two consecutive years recorded crop residue (fresh biomass) production 34.51, 29.7 and 27.95 t ha-1 at S1, S2 and S3 plant spacing, respectively. The application of NPK fertilizers significantly increased crop residue production and mean value recorded with fertilizer level F0, F1, F2, and F3 was 22.00, 28.71, 34.24 and 36.63 t ha-1, respectively. Increased plant population per unit area as well as higher doses of NPK levels showed a little improvement in bulk density, porosity, organic carbon, pH and EC of soil but influence was non-significant, however, plant spacing and NPK fertilizer treatments exhibited significant improvement in available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of the soil at the end of the second cropping season.

Singh R.B.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Singh H.K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2011

Field experiments conducted during 2006-07 and 2007-08 for the management of Alternaria blight of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L) caused by Alternaria lini Dey and A. linicola Groves and Skolko, showed that 15th October sown crop had highest disease intensity followed by gradual decline in later sown crops. Highest seed yield of 977.78 and 790.00 kg/ha were obtained in 05 November sown crop followed by 15 November (877.3 and 658.33 kg/ha) which was also at par with 15 and 25 October sown crops. Lowest yield of 606.67 kg/ha and 406.66 kg/ha was recorded in 05 December sown crop during both the years, respectively. Based on the disease severity, observations recorded during both the years (2007-08 and 2008-09), variety Jeevan, Gaurav and K-2 were found resistant and Sweta as moderately resistant. On mean basis Gaurav showed least susceptibility (16.97%) and Sikha was most susceptible (33.56%). Lowest mean bud damage was also recorded in Gaurav (9.24%) followed by Sweta (9.55%) and K-2 (10.12%), respectively. Moderately resistant cultivar Sweta yielded highest (1466.66 kg/ha) followed by Sikha (1312.50 kg/ha) and K-2 (1287.50 kg/ha) on mean basis. Out of 200 genotypes, ten viz; Polf-12, Polf-13, Polf-15, Polf-16, Polf-19, Polf-22, Polf-23, PoIf-29, Polf-39 and RL-15-1 were found resistant and 15 as moderately resistant.

Mishra D.,Central Council for Research in Ayurveda | Singh R.K.,Veer Kunwar Singh University | Srivastava R.K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant | Year: 2012

The present study was undertaken to collect information from local folks, tribes and traditional healers on medicinal plants and their uses and the types of diseases treated in tarai regions mainly districts viz., Bahraich and Shrawasti of Uttar Pradesh during August 2007 to March 2010. The indigenous knowledge was gathered through interactions and questioners with tribal rural and traditional healers. The study provides information on 68 plant species belonging to 41 families, Apocynaceae and moraceae contributed maximum species. The various ethno medicinal plants parts used. against the diseases like bronchitis, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, gastro intestinal disorder, gynaecological disorder, jaundice, neurological diseases, ophthalmic infection, piles, skeletal diseases, skin diseases and snakebite were bark, flowers, rhizomes, roots, leaves, seeds, gum and sometimes whole plants. Inspite of the modernization process, the rural folk and the tribal of the districts still hold on their traditional faith and depend on indigenous plants for their various needs, especially medicines. Since, there is insensitivity among the youngers for this wealth of knowledge, this will be dwindling soon. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc.

Singh R.P.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
National Academy Science Letters | Year: 2013

Hive of Trigona iridipennis is evolved for its hiving, domestication and conservation, it was found successful and observed that honey and pollen storage cells were separately adjacent to brood nest. This hive consists of longitudinal two parts and named as Acharya Narendra Deva long cylindrical stingless bees hive. Size of the hive comprised of 29 cm length, 11 cm breadth, 12 cm height and 2 cm thickness with removable cover as longitudinal upper part of hive and provided the dark, closed and covered hollow space. Hive consists of comb nest with funnel shaped entrance made of resinous substance situated at entrance. Brood nest was approximately spherical and contained the queen and worker cells. Each cell jointed with fine wax column and maintained the bee space 1.5-2 mm. Storage cells (honey and pollen) were largest and look like a bunch of grape. Queen and worker cells observed separately and latter was smaller in size. Observation of the nest in long cylindrical hive such as inspection of colony, extraction of honey with syringe and multiplication was easier than others hive, due to its longitudinal two parts. It is separable in two parts without mutilation and least damage of comb nest. Its natural foraging on sunflower tempted us to evolve this hive for rearing and conservation of stingless bees, which can be applied for transference of pollen to produce hybrid seeds. © 2013 The National Academy of Sciences, India.

Mishra R.C.,Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry | Pandey R.K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Journal of Biopesticides | Year: 2014

Seven insecticides, viz., neem seed kernel powder (NSKP), neem cake, dry neem leaf powder (all at 10 g/kg), neem oil (10 mL/kg), nimbecidine (5 and 10 mL/kg) and deltamethrin (Decis 2.5 WP; 40 mg/kg) were evaluated as seed protectant against Sitophilus oryzae L. in stored wheat seed (HUW 234). In a sample size of two kg in gunny bags, adult were released at the rate of 10 pairs/bag and bags were stored at room temperature. Observation on number of live adults was recorded after 3, 6 and 9 months of storage. The deltamethrin (Decis 2.5 WP; 40 mg/kg) was found most effective treatment followed by neem India, at higher and lower doses, nimbecidine at higher and lower dose, neem oil, neem cake, dry neem leaf powder and NSKP treatments. © 2014, JBiopest. All Rights Reserved.

Tiwari D.K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Pandey P.,Allahabad University | Giri S.P.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Dwivedi J.L.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences | Year: 2011

Realizing the potential of hybrid rice to increase productivity, the present experiment was undertaken with a fixed model i.e. line x tester mating design involving 3 CMS lines and 20 elite restorers to identify the best heterotic combination. The results indicated that the manifestation of heterobeltiosis for grain yield was significantly superiority of 43 hybrids ranging from 11.63 to 113.04% and 46 hybrids over standard variety (Sarjoo-52) ranging from 10.48 to 71.56%. Most of the crosses which exhibited superiority over better parent or standard variety for grain yield also showed significant heterosis for number of fertile spikelets and number of spikelets per panicle. These crosses also possessed about 80% pollen viability. Besides grain yield, considerable heterosis was observed for other characters also but its degree varied from character to character. The best cross combination in order of meritgrain yield and other yield components were IR58025A×IR48749-53-2-2-2R,NMS4A×IR633-76-lR,IR58Q25A×IR54853-43-l-3R,IR58025A×IR19058-107-lRandPMS10A×IR54853-43-1-3R. Considering the heterosis more than 60% as well as significant sea effects for major components, the NMS4A×IR633-76-lR, IR58025A×TR19058-107-lR andIR58025A×IR32419-28-3-l-3R were most promising combinations and need to be tested on large scale. Besides these, some other crosses viz., NMS4A×IR52256-9-2-2-1R, NMS4A×IET 9352 and IR58025A×IET201102, which expressed more than 50% heterosis along with desirable significant sea effects for more than six important yield components, may be considered for commercial exploitation. © 2011 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Singh G.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Singh O.P.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Singh S.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology | Prasad K.,Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology
Indian Journal of Agronomy | Year: 2010

To study the efficacy of different herbicides, tillage practices and weed control measures on late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori & Paol) field experiments were conducted during winter of 2004-05 to 2006-07 at Ghaghraghat (Bahraich) in Uttar Pradesh. Significantly lower density, weight, and nutrient uptake by weeds was recorded with isoproturon + 2,4-D (0.75 + 0.6 kg/ha) resulting in higher mean grain yield (3.89 tonne/ha) and net income (Rs. 18,375/ha). Weed free treatment recorded the highest energy output and lowest energy use efficiency (EUE). Isoproturon + 2, 4-D resulted in the highest EUE and energy productivity followed by metribuzin. Conventional tillage (CT) significantly increased density and dry matter of weeds when compared with zero tillage (ZT), thus, ZT increased grain yield of wheat by 2.18% as compared to CT. Sulfosulfuron (25 g/ha) recorded the lower density and dry weight of weeds and higher weed suppression efficiency (83.43%) followed by isoproturon + 2,4-D (81.04%). Application of isoprturon + 2,4-D produced significantly higher grain yield in ZT, and sulfosulfuron in CT. Irrespective of tillage, isoproturon + 2,4-D gave the highest net income (Rs 17.12 × 103/ha) and benefit: cost ratio (2.59). CT consumed 23.66% more energy than ZT. The EUE and energy productivity was highest with ZT and sulfosulfuron.

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