Time filter

Source Type

Nantong, China

Wu D.,Nantong Medical College | Tao J.,Nanjing Medical University | Xu B.,Nanjing Southeast University | Li P.,Nanjing Medical University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports

Dysregulation of microRNA metabolism has been observed in a variety of human cancers. In this study, we evaluated the expression of the enzymes of the machinery Dicer, Drosha and DGCR8, in transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) of the urinary bladder. The expression of Dicer, Drosha and DGCR8 was analyzed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR in clinical specimens from normal bladder mucosa, TCCs and their normal adjacent tissues (NATs). Immunohistochemistry was performed to compare the expression of Dicer in normal, TCCs and NATs. Our study demonstrated that Dicer mRNA levels in TCCs were significantly lower compared to normal samples and NAT samples. The immunohistochemistry results revealed that Dicer protein levels in TCCs were significantly downregulated compared to normal bladder mucosa and NATs. Our data demonstrated that Dicer is significantly downregulated in TCCs compared to paired NAT samples and normal samples, suggesting that reduced expression of Dicer may play an important role in bladder cancer. Source

Meng J.,Nanjing Medical University | Meng J.,Nantong Medical College | Tan W.,Nanjing Medical University | Zhu Y.,Nanjing Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Lipids in Health and Disease

Background: To investigate the association of a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk SNP rs6903956 with asymptomatic hyperuricemia (aHU) susceptibility in Han Chinese. Methods: Two hundred and twenty one patients with aHU and 447 healthy controls were recruited for this study. SNP rs6903956 were genotyped using TaqMan probe. Results: The overall genotype and allele frequency distribution of the rs6903956 showed significant difference between aHU cases and controls (p <0.001 for genotype and allele, respectively). AA genotype of rs6903956 was significantly associated with aHU (OR=8.672, 95% CI 2.811-26.753, p <0.001) in our Han Chinese aHU cohort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that rs6903956 might be an independent risk factor for aHU susceptibility (OR=10.642 [2.671- 42.400], p=0.001 for codominant model and OR=9.205 [2.336-36.280], p=0.002 for recessive model) after adjustment for some well- known CAD risk factors including age, gender, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, abnormal glycometabolism, lipid abnormality and alcohol intake. No significant genotype-specific difference in uric acid levels was observed in aHU patients and controls. Conclusions: Our findings are the first to establish a genetic link of a CAD-associated rs6903956 with aHU in a Han Chinese population, providing the genetic evidence to support the close relationship between hyperuricemia and CAD. © 2015 Meng et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

Tao J.,Nanjing Medical University | Wu D.,Nantong Medical College | Xu B.,Nanjing Southeast University | Qian W.,Nanjing Medical University | And 4 more authors.
Oncology Reports

It has been shown that regulation of EGFR expression in prostate cancer cells is mostly at the transcriptional level. microRNA-133 (miR-133) has long been recognized as a muscle-specific miRNA which may regulate myoblast differentiation and participate in many myogenic diseases. Recently, it has been reported that miR-133 is also involved in other tumors, such as bladder cancer, esophageal cancer and may regulate cell motility in these cancer cells. In the present study, we examined the expression and effects of miR-133 in two hormone-insensitive prostate cancer cell lines. The expression of miR-133a and miR-133b were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR. After transfection of miR-133a and miR-133b, cell viability assay, luciferase assay, western blot analysis, cell migration and invasion assay were conducted in DU145 and PC3 cells. In this study, we showed that miR-133a and miR-133b are expressed at the detection limit in two hormone-insensitive prostate cancer cell lines, PC3 and DU145. Ectopic expression of miR-133 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in these cells. We also provide the first evidence that miR-133 may target EGFR. Our study provided the first glimpse of the functional role of miR-133 in two hormone-independent prostate cancer cell lines. These results may add to our knowledge on the molecular basis of prostate cancer progression. Source

Ge X.-H.,Soochow University of China | Zhu G.-J.,Soochow University of China | Geng D.-Q.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhang Z.-J.,Nantong Medical College | Liu C.-F.,Soochow University of China
Neurological Sciences

The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism by which erythropoietin (EPO) suppressed 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced apoptosis. Our results showed that 6-OHDA remarkably decreased phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) as well as enhanced the level of Bax in the mitochondria. Besides, 6-OHDA decreased the mitochondrial expression of Bcl-2 without altering the cytoplasmic expression of Bcl-2. In line with these results, 6-OHDA treatment enhanced the apoptosis and caspase 3 activity in PC12 cells. These findings indicated that mitochondrial dysfunction was involved in the neurotoxicity of 6-OHDA and GSK3β might act upstream of Bax/Bcl-2 and the caspase 3 pathways in 6-OHDA-treated PC12 cells. Furthermore, EPO reduced 6-OHDA-induced growth inhibition. Western blot exhibited that GSK3β inhibitor 4-benzyl-2-methyl-1, 2,4-thiadiazolidine-3, 5-dione (TDZD8) and EPO not only increased the phosphorylation of GSK3β but also inhibited the mitochondrial translocation of Bax. In agreement with these results, EPO and TDZD8 obviously increased the mitochondrial expression of Bcl-2. Finally, TDZD-8 and EPO significantly suppressed the enhanced apoptosis and activity of caspase 3 induced by 6-OHDA. Taken together, GSK3β-mediated mitochondrial cell death pathway is involved in the neuroprotective effect of EPO against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis. © The Author(s) 2011. Source

Liu Y.,Tianjin Medical University | Shu L.,Nantong Medical College | Wu J.,Zhengzhou University
Leukemia and Lymphoma

Considering the variable and often modest therapeutic efficacy of rituximab for a substantial proportion of patients suffering from non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs), various type II anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with excellent ability in inducing programmed cell death (PCD) are currently being developed for their enhanced therapeutic index. Although homotypic adhesion (HA) and lysosome leakage are proven to be of vital importance in type II mAb-induced PCD in NHL cells, the detailed relationship between them remains unclear. Herein, for the first time we discovered that improved intracellular ceramide level is an important mediator between HA and lysosome leakage in tositumomab-induced cell death. Further experimental results revealed that the generation of intracellular ceramide acts as the outcome of HA and major cause of lysosome leakage. The clarification of ceramide involvement in type II anti-CD20 mAb-induced PCD may provide new ideas on CD20-based immunotherapy against NHLs. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Discover hidden collaborations