Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2011.2.1-02 | Award Amount: 2.81M | Year: 2011
The rapid emergence of new application domains and mission types has had a large impact on the evolution of spacecraft design. The current interest for micro-spacecrafts essentially proceeds from the wider availability of enabling technologies (micro/nano-fabrication), and from the desire to reduce development and launcher costs. Nanosatellites are also potentially useful as a mean to increase a missions reliability by distributing a large payload over a fleet of small spacecrafts. However, the application range of micro-spacecraft is currently restricted by the lack of sufficiently compact, lightweight, high specific impulse micro-propulsion systems. The L-PPT project will develop and assess the functionality of a novel PPT technology based on liquid propellant, expected to enable significant improvements over Teflon-based PPTs in terms of propellant utilization and impulse bit predictability through a tight control of the mass of propellant injected. By leveraging state-of-the-art MEMS technologies, the L-PPT project will develop a compelling propulsion technology for microspacecrafts offering the scalability and robustness of conventional PPTs with performances in par with modern electric propulsion systems for large satellites. The L-PPT project roadmap bases on a two-step implementation which comprehends the development of a first prototype, followed by the design of a fully functional prototype. Each prototype shall have an associated system specification phase, and subsequent design and development phases for each system subcomponents (thruster, injector, electronics, thrust balance and vacuum stand). Six partners (four SMEs, a industry and a research organization) from 4 Member States- Spain, Poland, Sweden and France, and Switzerland, with different roles in the project, will work together to advance in the development of PPT propulsion system.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.2.1-04;SPA.2010.2.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.41M | Year: 2010
The Electric Solar Wind Sail (E-sail) is a recent invention of ultra-efficient propellantless in-space propulsion technology. It uses the solar wind charged ions as natural source for producing spacecraft thrust. The E-sail is composed of a set of long, thin, conducting and positively charged tethers which are centrifugally stretched from the main spacecraft and kept electrically charged by an onboard electron gun powered by solar panels. The E-sail concept is an enabling technology for reducing significantly the time, cost and mass required for spacecraft to reach their destinations. It has been estimated that it has the potential to improve the state of the art of propulsion systems by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude if using the lifetime integrated total impulse versus propulsion system mass as the figure of merit. Furthermore, the E-sail propulsion technology is truly a green propellantless method reducing significantly the mission launch masses and the amount of chemical propellant burnt in the atmosphere. As an electromechanical device it does not need any poisonous, explosive or radioactive substances or dangerous construction procedures. In the proposed project, we develop the key E-sail technologies (tethers, tether reels, spinup and guidance/control method based on gas and FEEP thrusters) to prototype level. The goal is that after the project, the decision to build and fly the first E-sail demonstration mission in the solar wind can be made. As a secondary technological goal, the project will raise the FEEP and gas thruster readiness level for general-purpose satellite attitude control purposes.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SPA.2012.3.5-01 | Award Amount: 545.48K | Year: 2013
Current project has focused on investigating opportunities, how nanosatellites could be used to support the implementation of European Space Policy. Nanosatellites serve to be cost-effective science and technology platform to make sustainable contribution to a roadmap for space and innovation in Europe, which includes realizing a potential of new and innovative space applications and stimulating an evolvement of new business models for space missions. In that regard, the NANOSAT project brings together partners from nanosatellite development network in Europe to create the opportunities for continuous and sustainable collaboration between nanosatellite players, furthering the advancement of nanosatellite platform, development of innovative space applications and sharing the knowledge base with each other. The main objective of the NANOSAT project is to contribute to a roadmap for space and innovation in Europe through studies and events in support of highly capable small satellites and thereby innovative space applications and new business models for space missions in Europe. In order to reach to desired impact, the NANOSAT project has defined the following specific objectives: Consolidate main actors in European nanosatellites landscape by creating functional network, showcasing best practices and potential markets to serve the objectives of European Space Policy; Demonstrate nanosatellites potential in Europe by proposing innovative services which will complement and create synergy with GMES services by addressing information needs faster and more flexibly; Draw proof of concept missions that will realize the ability of nanosatellites to perform missions like communications and Earth observation in support of European Space Policy.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2011.2.1-02 | Award Amount: 2.83M | Year: 2012
PRECISE focuses on the research and development of a MEMS-based monopropellant micro Chemical Propulsion System (CPS) for highly accurate attitude control of satellites. The availability of CPS forms the basis for defining new mission concepts such as formation flying and advanced robotic missions. These novel concepts require CPS for highly precise attitude and orbit control manoeuvres. CPS has been identified by ESA to fill the gap between state-of-the-art electrical and chemical propulsion due to its compactness, low power requirements and low system weight. PRECISE combines European capabilities and know-how from universities, research organisations, experienced European companies and a Russian company for the research and development of a CPS for the future market demands. PRECISE provides a stepping stone along the ESA-CPS roadmap. Basic research will be conducted aiming at improving crucial MEMS technologies required for CPS. Research and development will also focus on the efficiency and the reliability of critical system components up to TRL5. In addition, system analysis tools will be enhanced to complement the development steps of the propulsion system. The CPS will be tested in a simulated space vacuum environment. Application-oriented aspects will be addressed by two end-users in the consortium who are planning an exemplary formation flying mission for which the CPS is crucial. The Work Programme topic SPA.2011.2.1-02 Research and development for space exploration is directly addressed by PRECISE. High precision attitude control and micro-propulsion systems are specifically listed as key elements.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: COMPET-03-2015 | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2016
The overall ambition of MONBASA is to develop an energy storage system for small satellites (nano-/microsatellites) that outperforms existing solutions and can be integrated with MEMS technology. To be both, applicable and competitive, the novel solution will have to respond to specific needs, namely: (1) high energy efficiency and density, (2) small size and low weight, (3) high reliability (4) compliance with existing standards and regulation, and (5) high cost-efficiency. Any energy storage system will have to first demonstrate its ability to store energy efficiently, within specific power, lifetime and safety specifications and eventually be available at a cost that is ultimately affordable by the nano/microsatellite sector, which is highly cost-sensitive. Worldwide nanosatellite sector is continuously growing and three main aspects are driving the development: miniaturization, standardization and cost. However Europe has seriously fallen behind competitors from the US and Asia, with regard to R&D in the field of energy storage, which is one of the crucial components for improving and widening small satellites performance and applications. With its approach, MONBASA is bridging the gap between R&D and market, with the desired future impact being that the provision of tailored energy solutions becomes a European discipline and business. By bringing together a cross-sector consortium that comprises actors from the areas of energy R&D, processing technologies and space applications, the exact needs of the space industry will be considered for innovative energy storage solutions at low TRL levels. This will not only significantly increase future market uptake of a novel solution that so far is in the state of basic research, but it will foster urgently needed intense knowledge exchange between non-space and space actors for jointly developing novel solutions for a field of expectedly strong growth.