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Hung S.-C.,NanoInk | Nafday O.A.,NanoInk | Haaheim J.R.,NanoInk | Ren F.,University of Florida | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C | Year: 2010

We report the first demonstration of subμm, sub-50-μΩ·cm conductive traces directly written by Dip Pen Nanolithography (DPN). We achieved subμm Ag lines with 28.8 μΩ·cm average resistivity after direct-write printing from a silver nanoparticle-based ink suspension and annealing at 150°C for 10 min. This compares to Ag bulk resistivity of 1.63 μΩ·cm, where the difference is within the range of previously reported variations in conductivity of Ag-based inks due to annealing conditions and larger width scales. We leveraged DPN's ability to directly place materials at specific locations in order to fabricate and characterize these conductive silver (Ag) traces on electrode patterns and multiple substrates (SiO 2, Kapton, mica). The low viscosity of the AgNP ink solution allowed write speeds up to 1600 μm/s, almost 4 orders of magnitude higher than typical thiol-on-gold DPN writing speeds. This direct-write methodology paves the way for site-specific deposition of metallic materials for use in applications such as circuit repair, sensor element functionalization, failure analysis, gas sensing, and printable electronics. © 2010 American Chemical Society.


The report, "Nanotechnology Market By Type (Nanocomposites, Nanofibers, Nanoceramics, Nanomagnetics); By Application (Medical diagnosis, Energy, ICT, Nano-EHS); By End-Users (Electronics, Pharmaceuticals, Biotechnology, Textile, Military) - Forecast (2016-2021)", published by IndustryARC, the global nanotechnology market revenue is forecast to grow at 16.9% CAGR to reach $12.83 Billion by 2021. Browse 18 Market Tables, 66 Figures spread through 179 Pages and an in-depth TOC on "Nanotechnology Market (2016 - 2021)" http://industryarc.com/Report/15022/nanotechnology-market.html Nanotechnology has the potential to solve problems related to human civilizations, pertaining to both basic needs and aspirations for a comfortable life. Even though nanotechnology involves the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular and supramolecular scale, the particular technological goal is of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macro scale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is evolving towards becoming a general-purpose technology by 2020, encompassing four generations of products with increasing structural and dynamic complexity: Huge expectation from the society: By knowing the advantages and benefits of nanotechnology, people are waiting for the breakthrough of nanotechnology products in all areas of the consumer requirements in the society. Opportunity for new innovative product development: Based on substantial advantages and hence expected huge demand for nanotech products, there are infinite opportunities for new product development in different areas of the society. Opportunity for both small business and mega business players based on their investment capacity: Since nanotechnology products vary from simple cosmetic product to screen infrared rays from skin to artificial food products to self-generating molecular motors, depending on the interest and capability of firm, it can focus on a particular type of product so that both small and financially strong business firms have opportunity in nanotechnology product development and marketing. Opportunity for new product development for entrepreneurs in their existing field itself so that they can use their experience: Being general purpose technology, nanotechnology provides scope for existing firms to upgrade their products/services. Hence, the existing entrepreneurs can plan to improve their products by improving them using nanotechnology features for improved performance. The new discoveries and innovations get patent protection to commercialize their inventions, so that the investment of the firms will not be wasted due to their right to get patent protection for their inventions. The new technology gives an opportunity to explore new business and sustainable earnings through the use of systematic commercialization process. New inventions based on new technology, usually attract attention due to their ingenuity, but a product must also be useful and compelling, enabling it to be used in everyday life. The objective of the firm is to identify a market for its new products. From a business perspective, the steps to be followed for the successful commercialization of a nanotechnology based product include market size, market potential, and the economic scenario of the countries and the people who use such products. Common challenges faced by nanotechnology firms are: Time Lag: The average time delay between research, completion, and commercialization of a nanotechnology product can lie between three to five years. The banks and other financial funding agencies, find this time lag to be a major detriment due to the fact of the block of their capital. Valley of Death: This is the gap between a positive scientific result of a researcher and obtaining supporting funds for commercialization and prototyping of the product. Since the cost of commercialization is very high compared to the invention cost of the product, usually, the scientist who invented the product may not have the interest in commercialization, but the firms invested for such research have to spend to en-cash its business opportunity. Lack of infrastructure: Nanotechnology product based research is expensive and requires costly instruments. The lack of infrastructure retards the progress of new product invention. Lack of standard for evaluation: A major obstacle for developing Nano-products is the lack of standards for evaluation of performance at different stages of research. Because of this, normalizing standards by which nanotechnologies can be evaluated are lacking which affects the patenting process. Bureaucratic delays: Patent policies take up to thirty-six months to respond to a single application, a serious problem when even a slight delay can be detrimental. Due to lack of a coherent policy on technology transfer from universities to start-up businesses and a considerable red tape must be dealt with for any such transfer using black ocean strategy. Dearth of funding: Since the research in nanotechnology is capital intensive due to the state-of-the-art instruments requirement, firms face challenges in obtaining funding. Thus, commercialization of nanotechnology products requires huge investments which small to medium firms cannot secure easily. Lack of trained professionals: The lack of sufficiently trained scientists, engineers, technicians, and researchers in the field is another barrier. This is mostly due to lack of addition of Nano science and technology in the engineering and science syllabus. Sustainability in the market: The final challenge for the firms is maintaining the sustainability for the commercialized product or service for longer time to get the return on investment and expected profits through planning and executing proper marketing strategies. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have recently emerged as one of the most important classes of nano materials having enormous potential to spark off the next industrial revolution. CNTs' unique and extraordinary properties such as extremely high electrical and thermal conductivities make it an ideal candidate for electronic devices. This product falls under the Nano composites market segment, which is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 16.6% during the forecast period between 2016 and 2021. Europe accounted for 33% market share in global nanotechnology market revenue in 2015 after Americas region and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 15.6% to reach $3.98 billion by 2021. APAC region is projected to grow at a rate of 20.9% CAGR during the forecast period 2016-2021. On aggregate, the global nanotechnology market revenue is forecast to grow at 16.9% CAGR to reach $12.83 billion by 2021. Nano composites dominate the market with a share of 65% and generating revenues of $2.92 billion in 2015. It is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 16.6% to reach $8.17 billion by 2021, which is mainly attributed to the growing demand from the end user segments. Increasing emphasis on renewable and sustainable energy sector with the use of low cost materials fuels the growth of nanotechnology market in the energy and environment sectors. Growing demand for efficient and cost-effective healthcare treatment and diagnostics is yet another driver which propels the adoption of Nano-materials in drug delivery and medical devices sector The major areas of nanotechnology research include nanoscale science, development of nanoscale materials as well as modeling of nanoscale devices, materials and interactions. Potential nanotech markets tend to arise from the telecom and information technology industries. Moreover, research activities in the electronics and semiconductor industry as well as pharmaceuticals industry will also account for a significant market share of the global nanotechnology market in the upcoming years. Sizeable investments in the nanotechnology companies would foster the development of new products and processes. Following are few key players profiled in this report as part of the market landscape analysis: Ablynx NV Nanophase Technologies Corporation, Acusphere Inc., Altair Nanotechnologies Inc., Carbon Nanotechnologies Inc., Evident Thermoelectrics, Glonatech S.A., Isotron Corporation, Luna Innovations Incorporated, Molecular Manufacturing Enterprises Incorporated, Moore Nanotechnology Systems,LLC, Nanometrics Inc., Nanophase Technologies Corporation, Nanoscale Corporation, Nanosys Inc., Nanoworld AG Oxford Instruments PLC, Particular GmbH, PEN Inc., SouthWest Nano Technologies Inc., Unidym Inc., Zyvex Technologies Corporation NanoInk,Inc & many more. The market has also been analyzed for four geographic regions which include North America, APAC, Europe and Rest of the World. Nanowire Battery Market: By Applications (Energy Generation, Consumer Products, Controllers and others); By Nanowire Type (Metallic, Semiconducting, Insulating, Molecular); By Region - Forecast (2015-2020) http://industryarc.com/Report/15094/nanowire-battery-market.html Nanocellulose Market: By Type (Cellulose Nanocrystals, Cellulose Nanofibrils, Bacterial Cellulose); By Applications (Paperboard And Plastics, Food Packaging, Pharmaceutical, Biomedical, Paints, Coatings, Water-treatment, Others)-Forecast (2015 - 2020) http://industryarc.com/Report/11681/nanocellulose-market-analysis.html IndustryARC is a research and consulting firm that publishes more than 500 reports annually in various industries, such as Aerospace & Defense, Agriculture, Automotive, Automation & Instrumentation, Chemicals and Materials, Energy and Power, Electronics, Food & Beverages, Information Technology, Life sciences & Healthcare. IndustryARC primarily focuses on Cutting Edge Technologies and Newer Applications of the Market. Our Custom Research Services are designed to provide insights on the constant flux in the global demand-supply gap of markets. Our strong analyst team enables us to meet the client research needs at a very quick speed with a variety of options for your business. We look forward to support the client to be able to better address customer needs; stay ahead in the market; become the top competitor and get real-time recommendations on business strategies and deals. Contact us to find out how we can help you today. Media Contact Mr. Sanjay Matthews Business Development Manager Email: sales@industryarc.com Contact Sales: 1-614-588-8538 (Ext-101) Connect with us on LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/industryarc IndustryARC at #GWF2017 - http://industryarc.com/Article/7697/iarc-ceo-speaking-at-geospatial-world-forum-2017.html


Collins J.M.,NanoInk | Nettikadan S.,NanoInk
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2011

Tip-based direct protein printing is a relatively new technique that is useful for controlling the cellular microenvironment with subcellular resolution. Coculture studies have been useful for mimicking the in vivo environment and studying effects on stem or progenitor cell function. However, there are many experimental variables that cannot be properly controlled and may lead to confounding results. Here we demonstrate a technique that allows spatial control of multiple cell types at single cell levels on a substrate. Specifically, 3T3 fibroblasts and C2C12 myoblasts and their respective binding dynamics with fibronectin and laminin demonstrate the single cell coculture concept. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


PubMed | NanoInk
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Analytical biochemistry | Year: 2011

Tip-based direct protein printing is a relatively new technique that is useful for controlling the cellular microenvironment with subcellular resolution. Coculture studies have been useful for mimicking the in vivo environment and studying effects on stem or progenitor cell function. However, there are many experimental variables that cannot be properly controlled and may lead to confounding results. Here we demonstrate a technique that allows spatial control of multiple cell types at single cell levels on a substrate. Specifically, 3T3 fibroblasts and C2C12 myoblasts and their respective binding dynamics with fibronectin and laminin demonstrate the single cell coculture concept.

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