Nankai Hospital

Changhongjie, China

Nankai Hospital

Changhongjie, China

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Hua Y.,Tianjin Union Medical Center | Ma X.,Tianjin Medical University | Liu X.,Tianjin Union Medical Center | Yuan X.,Nankai Hospital | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017

Aim Rectal adenocarcinoma (READ) is a malignancy cancer with the high morbidity and motility worldwide. Our study aimed to explore the potential pathogenesis of READ through integrated analysis of gene expression profiling and DNA methylation data. Methods The miRNA, mRNA expression profiling and corresponding DNA methylation data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differentially expressed mRNAs/miRNAs/methylated regions (DEmRNA/DEmiRNAs) were identified in READ. The negatively correlation of DEmiRNA-DEmRNAs and DNA methylation-DEmRNAs were obtained. DEmRNAs expression was validated through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and microarray expression profiling analyses. Results 1192 dysregulated DEmRNAs, 27 dysregulated DEmiRNAs and 6403 aberrant methylation CpG sites were screened in READ compared to normal controls. 1987 negative interaction pairs among 27 DEmiRNAs and 668 DEmRNAs were predicted. 446 genes with aberrant methylation were annotated. Eventually, 50 DEmRNAs (39 down-and 11 up-regulated DEmRNAs) with hypermethylation, synchronously negatively targeted by DEmiRNAs, were identified through the correlation analysis among 446 genes with aberrant methylation and 668 DEmRNAs. 50 DEmRNAs were significantly enriched in cAMP signaling pathway, circadian entrainment and glutamatergic synapse. The validation results of expression levels of DEmRNAs through qRT-PCR and microarray analyses were compatible with our study. Conclusion 7 genes of SORCS1, PDZRN4, LONRF2, CNGA3, HAND2, RSPO2 and GNAO1 with hypermethylation and negatively regulation by DEmiRNAs might contribute to the tumorigenesis of READ. Our work might provide valuable foundation for the READ in mechanism elucidation, early diagnosis and therapeutic target identification. © 2017 Hua et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Wang H.,Shanxi Normal University | Zhang L.,Shanxi Normal University | Zhang L.,Tianjin Medical University | Yang L.,Shanxi Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2017

By phagocytosing cancer cells and their cellular debris, macrophages play a critical role in nonspecific defense (innate immunity) and, as antigen presenters, they help initiate specific defense mechanisms (adaptive immunity). Malignant melanoma is a lethal disease due to its aggressive capacity for metastasis and resistance to therapy. For decades, considerable effort has gone into development of an effective immunotherapy for treatment of metastatic melanoma. In this review, we focus on the anti-tumor activities of macrophages in melanoma and their potential as therapeutic targets in melanoma. Although macrophages can be re-educated through intercellular signaling to promote tumor survival owing to their plasticity, we expect that targeting the anti-tumor activity of macrophages remains a promising strategy for melanoma inhibition. The combination of tumoricidal macrophage activation and other treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, may provide an effective and comprehensive anti-melanoma strategy.


Wu L.,Tianjin Medical University | Chang R.,Tianjin Medical University | Mu Y.,Nankai Hospital | Deng X.,Beichen Chinese Medicine Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Caries Research | Year: 2013

The study sought to analyze the association between dental caries and obesity in Chinese children, and to investigate the protective and risk factors of dental caries. A total of 280 children aged 7-12 years voluntarily answered the caries examination and questionnaire. Caries was measured using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. According to the Chinese body mass index, the participants were grouped overweight or normal-weight. The logistic regression model showed no correlation between dental caries and obesity. Drinking yogurt and chewing gum are protective factors, whereas oral breathing and genetic predisposition to caries are risk factors. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Sui X.,Zhejiang University | Sui X.,Biomedical Research Center | Sui X.,University of Toronto | Ma J.,Nankai Hospital | And 12 more authors.
Oncotarget | Year: 2015

The programmed death-1 (PD-1), a coinhibitory receptor expressed on activated T cells and B cells, is demonstrated to induce an immune-mediated response and play a critical role in tumor initiation and development. The cancer patients harboring PD-1 or PD ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein expression have often a poor prognosis and clinical outcome. Currently, targeting PD-1 pathway as a potential new anticancer strategy is attracting more and more attention in cancer treatment. Several monoclonal antibodies against PD-1 or PD-L1 have been reported to enhance anticancer immune responses and induce tumor cell death. Nonetheless, the precise molecular mechanisms by which PD-1 affects various cancers remain elusive. Moreover, this therapy is not effective for all the cancer patients and only a fraction of patients respond to the antibodies targeting PD-1 or PD-L1, indicating these antibodies may only works in a subset of certain cancers. Thus, understanding the novel function of PD-1 and genetic determinants of response to anti-PD-1 therapy will allow us to develop a more effective and individualized immunotherapeutic strategy for cancer.


Wang M.,Nankai Hospital | Shi Q.,Tianjin Medical University | Wang X.,Nankai Hospital | Yang K.,First Hospital | Yang R.,Tianjin Medical University
Urological Research | Year: 2011

The present study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome of using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the treatment of ureteric calculi and to establish a predictive model for the stone-free rate in patients receiving the treatment. A total of 831 patients with ureteric calculi were accepted in this study. Several parameters, including stone site, stone number, stone size, history of urolithiasis, renal colic, hydronephrosis, and double-J ureteric stent, were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. A prediction model was established based on the logistic regression analysis of the significant factors, and the goodness-of-fit of the model was evaluated by employing the Hosmer-Lemeshow test. At a 3-month follow-up after ESWL treatment, the overall stone-free rate was 96.8% (804/831) with no serious complications being found, while the treatment failed in 3.2% (27/831) of the patients. Five factors, including stone number, stone size, history of urolithiasis, renal colic, and double-J ureteric stent contributed significantly to the clinical outcome of the ESWL treatment. The prediction model had a sensitivity and overall accuracy of 99.8 and 96.9%, respectively. The results show that ESWL remains an effective method for treating ureteric calculi. The prediction model established in this study could be used as a method for estimating prognosis in patients following ESWL treatment. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.


Ma F.,Tianjin Medical University | Hu L.,Nankai Hospital | Yu M.,Tianjin Medical University | Wang F.,Nankai Hospital
American Journal of Chinese Medicine | Year: 2016

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is an (Formula presented.) dimeric transcription factor. Because HIF-1(Formula presented.) is instable with oxygen, HIF-1 is scarce in normal mammalian cells. However, HIF-1(Formula presented.) is expressed in pathological conditions such as cancer and obesity. Inhibiting HIF-1(Formula presented.) may be of therapeutic value for these pathologies. Here, we investigated whether emodin, derived from the herb of Rheum palmatum L, which is also known as Chinese rhubarb, and is native to China, regulates HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression. Male C57BL/6 mice without or with diet-induced obesity were treated with emodin for two weeks, while control mice were treated with vehicle. HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression was determined by Western blot. We found that emodin inhibited obesity-induced HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression in liver and skeletal muscle but did not regulate HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression in the kidneys or in intra-abdominal fat. In vitro, emodin inhibited HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression in human HepG2 hepatic cells and Y1 adrenocortical cells. Further, we investigated the mechanisms of HIF-1(Formula presented.) expression in emodin-treated HepG2 cells. First, we found that HIF-1(Formula presented.) had normal stability in the presence of emodin. Thus, emodin did not decrease HIF-1(Formula presented.) by stimulating its degradation. Importantly, emodin decreased the activity of the signaling pathways that led to HIF-1(Formula presented.) biosynthesis. Interestingly, emodin increased HIF-1(Formula presented.) mRNA in HepG2 cells. This may be a result of feedback in response to the emodin-induced decrease in the protein of HIF-1(Formula presented.). In conclusion, emodin decreases hepatic HIF-1(Formula presented.) by inhibiting its biosynthesis. © 2016 World Scientific Publishing Company


PubMed | Tianjin Medical University, Nankai Hospital and Tianjin Union Medical Center
Type: | Journal: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica | Year: 2016

Rectal cancer is a common malignant tumor of the digestive tract, with a high incidence and high mortality. This study aimed to identify the potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for rectal adenocarcinoma (RAC) metastasis. The expression profiling of RAC patients with metastasis and RAC patients without metastasis was downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The datasets were used to identify the genes associated with RAC metastasis. Fifty up-regulated genes and seventeen down-regulated genes were identified in the primary tumor loci of RAC metastasis compared with non-metastasis. Sixty-seven dysregulated gens were conducted to construct the protein-protein network, and CCND3 was the hub protein. The dysregulated genes were significantly enriched in pancreatic secretion, cell adhesion molecules pathways, response to vitamin D of biological process, and retinoid binding of molecular function. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results demonstrated that CCND3, AQP3, PEG10, and RAB27B had the up-regulated tendency in RAC metastasis; ADCY1 had the down-regulated tendency in RAC metastasis. CCND3, AQP3, PEG10, RAB27B, and ADCY1 might play essential roles in the metastasis process of RAC through pancreatic secretion and cell adhesion molecules pathways. The five genes could be potential diagnosis biomarkers or therapeutic targets for RAC metastasis.


PubMed | Tianjin Medical University and Nankai Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The American journal of Chinese medicine | Year: 2016

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is an [Formula: see text] dimeric transcription factor. Because HIF-1[Formula: see text] is instable with oxygen, HIF-1 is scarce in normal mammalian cells. However, HIF-1[Formula: see text] is expressed in pathological conditions such as cancer and obesity. Inhibiting HIF-1[Formula: see text] may be of therapeutic value for these pathologies. Here, we investigated whether emodin, derived from the herb of Rheum palmatum L, which is also known as Chinese rhubarb, and is native to China, regulates HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression. Male C57BL/6 mice without or with diet-induced obesity were treated with emodin for two weeks, while control mice were treated with vehicle. HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression was determined by Western blot. We found that emodin inhibited obesity-induced HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in liver and skeletal muscle but did not regulate HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in the kidneys or in intra-abdominal fat. In vitro, emodin inhibited HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in human HepG2 hepatic cells and Y1 adrenocortical cells. Further, we investigated the mechanisms of HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in emodin-treated HepG2 cells. First, we found that HIF-1[Formula: see text] had normal stability in the presence of emodin. Thus, emodin did not decrease HIF-1[Formula: see text] by stimulating its degradation. Importantly, emodin decreased the activity of the signaling pathways that led to HIF-1[Formula: see text] biosynthesis. Interestingly, emodin increased HIF-1[Formula: see text] mRNA in HepG2 cells. This may be a result of feedback in response to the emodin-induced decrease in the protein of HIF-1[Formula: see text]. In conclusion, emodin decreases hepatic HIF-1[Formula: see text] by inhibiting its biosynthesis.


PubMed | The 425th Hospital of PLA, Nankai Hospital and Shanghai University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Drug delivery | Year: 2016

Bone is the primary site of skeletal metastasis in prostate cancer (PCa). Atelocollagen (ATE)-mediated siRNA delivery system can be used to silence endogenous genes involved in PCa metastatic tumor cell growth. However, we hope that the delivery system can target PCa cells to reduce damage to the bone tissue and improve the therapeutic effect. RNA aptamer (APT) A10-3.2 has been used as a ligand to target PCa cells that express prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). APT was investigated as a PSMA-targeting ligand in the design of an ATE-based microRNA (miRNA; miR-15a and miR-16-1) vector to PCa bone metastasis. To observe the targeted delivery and transfection efficiency of ATE-APT in PSMA-overexpressing cells, luciferase activity and biodistribution of nanoparticles in Balb/c mice was analyzed. The anticancer effect of nanoparticles in vivo was investigated using the survival times of human PCa bone metastasis mice model. Luciferase assays of pGL-3 expression against PC3 (PSMA(-)) and LNCaP (PSMA(+)) cells showed that the transfection efficiency of the synthesized DNA/ATE-APT complex was higher than that of the DNA/ATE complex. The anticancer efficacy of miRNA/ATE-APT was superior to those of other treatments in vivo. This PSMA-targeted system may prove useful in widening the therapeutic window and allow for selective killing of PCa cells in bone metastatic foci.


PubMed | Tianjin Medical University and Nankai Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology | Year: 2016

This paper aims to provide an effective, accurate, and specific diagnostic method for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. It discusses the diagnostic value of magnetic res retrograde cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) combined with the detection of tumor marker carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) for pancreatic cancer. A group of confirmed cases of pancreatic cancer in some hospitals were randomly selected and subjected to an MRCP examination as well as serological CA19-9 detection. In addition, a group of patients whose pancreatic cancer was confirmed by surgery and pathology, and who underwent MRCP without the detection of the tumor marker CA19-9, were also selected for research. The experiment found that the rate of accuracy for the group that underwent MRCP combined with CA19-9 detection showed a higher positive value in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer than in the group that underwent MRCP alone. Therefore, this paper proposes that MRCP combined with CA19-9 detection can be taken as the reliable and effective means for diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.

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