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Nanjing, China

Nanjing Normal University is a normal university in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China.Nanjing Normal University was originally the Sanjiang Normal Institute, which was established in 1902 by Zhang Zhidong, the Governor-General of Jiangsu and Jiangxi. After that, it was renamed Liangjiang Excellent Normal Institute in 1905, National Nanjing Higher Normal School in 1914, various other names, before being named National Central University and then Nanjing University, and in 1952 Nanjing University Normal College became Nanjing Normal College and then renamed Nanjing Normal University in 1984. Nanjing Normal University became a comprehensive university well known for the educational and scientific research. It was included in the 211 Project.The International Research And Training Centre For Rural Education is affiliated with the university's Education Faculty. Wikipedia.

Zhu J.,Nanjing Normal University
Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics | Year: 2013

In this Letter, Kuramoto model in a high-dimensional linear space is investigated. Some results on the equilibria and synchronization of the classical Kuramoto model are generalized to the high-dimensional Kuramoto model. It is proved that, if the interconnection graph is connected and all the initial states lie in a half part of the state space, the synchronization can be achieved. Finally, numerical simulations are given to validate the obtained theoretical results. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Zhu Z.,Nanjing Normal University
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2014

Jasmonate (JA) and ethylene (ET) are considered to be two essential plant hormones helping plants to tolerate infections by necrotrophic fungi. Phenotypic observations and marker gene expression analysis suggest that JA and ET act synergistically and interdependently in these defence responses. However, JA and ET also interact in an antagonistic way. JA represses ET-induced apical hook formation, while ET inhibits JA-controlled wounding responses. Although these physiological observations have been reported for more than a decade, only recently have the underlying molecular mechanisms been uncovered. Here, I review the recent advances in the understanding of these two hormone interactions and further discuss the biological significance of these apparently opposite interactions between these two hormones in orchestrating plant growth and development. © 2014 The Author.

Yuan T.-F.,Nanjing Normal University | Slotnick B.M.,American University of Washington
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2014

The olfactory system is involved in sensory functions, emotional regulation and memory formation. Olfactory bulbectomy in rat has been employed as an animal model of depression for antidepressant discovery studies for many years. Olfaction is impaired in animals suffering from chronic stress, and patients with clinical depression were reported to have decreased olfactory function. It is believed that the neurobiological bases of depression might include dysfunction in the olfactory system. Further, brain stimulation, including nasal based drug delivery could provide novel therapies for management of depression. © 2014 .

Xu J.,Nanjing Normal University
Neurocomputing | Year: 2011

Hybrid strategy, which generalizes a specific single-label algorithm while one or two data decomposition tricks are applied implicitly or explicitly, has become an effective and efficient tool to design and implement various multi-label classification algorithms. In this paper, we extend traditional binary support vector machine by introducing an approximate ranking loss as its empirical loss term to build a novel support vector machine for multi-label classification, resulting into a quadratic programming problem with different upper bounds of variables to characterize label correlation of individual instance. Further, our optimization problem can be solved via combining one-versus-rest data decomposition trick with modified binary support vector machine, which dramatically reduces computational cost. Experimental study on ten multi-label data sets illustrates that our method is a powerful candidate for multi-label classification, compared with four state-of-the-art multi-label classification approaches. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Wang W.,Nanjing Normal University
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology | Year: 2011

Bacterial diseases of crabs are manifested as bacteremias caused by organisms such as Vibrio, Aeromonas, and a Rhodobacteriales-like organism or tissue and organ tropic organisms such as chitinoclastic bacteria, Rickettsia intracellular organisms, Chlamydia-like organism, and Spiroplasma. This paper provides general information about bacterial diseases of both marine and freshwater crabs. Some bacteria pathogens such as Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio vulnificus occur commonly in blue crab haemolymph and should be paid much attention to because they may represent potential health hazards to human beings because they can cause serious diseases when the crab is consumed as raw sea food. With the development of aquaculture, new diseases associated with novel pathogens such as spiroplasmas and Rhodobacteriales-like organisms have appeared in commercially exploited crab species in recent years. Many potential approaches to control bacterial diseases of crab will be helpful and practicable in aquaculture. © 2010.

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